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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
?-order.gif

Han character

? (radical 167, ?+6, 14 strokes, cangjie input (CAV), four-corner 87132, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 1303, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1805, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4202, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+9280

Chinese

Chemical element
Ag
Previous: ?/? (Pd)
Next: ?/? (Cd)
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Cantonese)
  • ? (Classical)
  • ? (Gan)
  • ngiùn (Hakka)
  • ngng (Min Dong)
  • gîn (Min Nan)
  • ? (Wu)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *?r?n): semantic ? ("metal") + phonetic ? (OC *k?:ns).

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *?ul ~ (d-)?ur. Cognate with Tibetan ? (dngul), Burmese (ngwe).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. silver
    ?? / ??  -  báiyín  -  silver
  2. made of silver
  3. silvery, silver-colored, lustrous, white, shine, shiny
  4. cash, money, currency
    ?? / ?? [Cantonese]  -  ngan4-2 zai2 [Jyutping]  -  coins
  5. (Cantonese, Teochew, Hainanese, Zhao'an Hakka) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
    ??? / ??? [Cantonese]  -  gei2 cin1 ngan4 [Jyutping]  -  a few thousand bucks
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese: ?() (gin)
  • -> Okinawan: ? () (jin)
  • -> Korean: ? (?, eun)
  • -> Vietnamese: ngân (?)

Others:

  • -> Proto-Hmong-Mien: *in ("silver")
  • -> Lao: ? (ngoen, "silver, money")
  • -> Thai: ? (ng?n, "silver, money")
  • -> Zhuang: ngaenz ("silver, money")

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: (gon)
  • Kan-on: (gin, J?y?)
  • T?-on: (in)
  • Kun: ? (shirogane, ?)
  • Nanori: (un); (kana); (kane)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
kan'on
Chemical element
Ag
Previous: (parajiumu) (Pd)
Next: (kadomiumu) (Cd)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle Chinese ? (MC i?n). Compare modern Hokkien reading gîn.

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (gin

  1. silver (lustrous, white, metallic element; symbol Ag)
  2. Short for (ginka): a silver coin
  3. Short for (gin'iro): silvery, silver-colored
  4. (shogi) Short for (ginsh?): a silver general
  5. (sports, etc.) Short for ? (gin medaru): a silver medal
  6. (historical) Short for (ch?gin): an Edo-period silver coin in the shape of a sea cucumber
  7. Short for (gin kiseru): a silver (kiseru, "tobacco pipe")
  8. Short for (gin'y?): a censer
  9. Short for (gin'yanma): the lesser emperor, Anax parthenope
  10. any other object made of silver
Derived terms

Affix

?() o (gin

  1. silver
  2. silvery, silver-colored
  3. (by extension) cash, money
  4. Short for (gink?): bank
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Compound of ? (shiro, "white") +‎ ? (kane, "metal").

Starting from the Muromachi period, the kane changes to gane due to rendaku ().

Pronunciation

Noun

?(?) o (shirogane

  1. silver (lustrous, white, metallic element)
  2. silvery, silver-colored
    Synonym: (gin'iro)
  3. a silver thread
    Synonym: (ginshi)
  4. silver paint or lacquer
    Synonym: (gindei)
  5. a silver coin
    Synonyms: (ginka), (ginsu)
Derived terms
See also

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 3
nanori
Alternative spellings
?
?
?

From Old Japanese.

See ? (kane).

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (kane

  1. a metal
  2. money
Derived terms
Usage notes
  • In former times, silver was the basis for the Japanese economy.
  • In modern Japanese, kane is more commonly spelled using the character for gold: ?.
  • The money sense is more commonly prefixed with ? (o-), as in (o-kane).

References

  1. ? 1.0 1.1 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN
  2. ? 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), T?ky?: NHK, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC i?n).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: ngùn)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] ? (Yale: ùn) ? (Yale: ùn)

Pronunciation

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? ? (eun eun))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("silver; silver-colored").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [3]

Okinawan

Kanji

?

(grade 3 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

Compounds

  • (jink?)
  • (yanjin)

Old Japanese

Etymology

Compound of ? (siro1, "white") +‎ ? (kane, "metal").

Noun

? (siro1kane) (kana ?)

  1. silver (lustrous, white, metallic element)
    • 711-712, Kojiki (Second scroll, Emperor Ch?ai)
      神?者??
      At this the Queen Consort was possessed by the gods who revealed to them the following command: "In the west there is a land of many rare and dazzling treasures beginning with gold and silver. I will now bestow it upon you."[1]
    • c. 759, Man'y?sh? (book 5, poem 803), text here
      ?
      siro1kane mo kugane mo tama mo nani semu ni masareru takara ko1 ni shikame2 ya mo
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Descendants

  • Japanese: ? (shirokane -> shirogane)

See also

References

  1. ^ Michael I. Como (2008) Sh?toku: Ethnicity, Ritual, and Violence in the Japanese Buddhist Tradition, Oxford University Press, ->ISBN, page 57

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: ngân

  1. silver; silvery, silver-colored
  2. bank; cash, money, currency

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