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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 120, ?+10, 16 strokes, cangjie input (BFHVF), four-corner 62993, composition ????(GTV) or ???(HJK))

Derived characters

Descendants

  • ? (simplification)
    • also simplified within the compound character ? from ?
  • ? (simplification)

References

  • KangXi: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

Chinese

Map including Fang County (labeled as ?? FANG-HSIEN (walled)) and Yun County (labeled as ?? YÜN-HSIEN (YÜN-YANG) (walled)) in Shiyan, western Hubei Province, China (AMS, 1954)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (): ? + ? - to hang ? by the head ? (hair hanging down).

Originally in bronze and bamboo slip scripts, Ideogrammic compound (): ? + ? + ? - to hang with the string ? by the head ? (using an eye to represent a head) on a tree ?. In Qin bamboo slip scripts, some of ? + ? were corrupted to ? (with one straight horizontal line rather than ?) which interpreted to a reversed ? head by Shuowen, and ? was corrupted to ?.

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. a kind of administrative division
    1. (historical, in ancient China) district; prefecture
    2. (in Mainland China) county (third level division that is now generally restricted to rural areas, contrasted with urban districts (?/? (q?)))
    3. (in Taiwan) county (first level division that used to be under the jurisdiction of a province but are now directly administered by the central government)
    4. (in Japan) prefecture
    5. (in the United States) county (second level division under the jurisdiction of a state, excluding Alaska and Louisiana)
      ? / ?  -  luòsh?nj? xiàn  -  Los Angeles County
  2. (in many cases but not always) county seat (the town which serves as the seat of government of such divisions)
  3. A surname​.
See also
  • (first-level divisions): ? (sh?ng), ? (shì); ? (dào) (historical)
  • (second-level divisions): ?/? (q?); ? (zh?u), ? (shì), ? (f?), ? (jùn), ? (dào) (historical)

Compounds

  • / (W?f?ng T?ji?zú Zìzhìxiàn)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • / (Tángxiàn)
  • / (J?nxiàn)
  • /
  • ?/?
  • / (Róngxiàn)
  • / (zh?uxiàn)
  • /
  • / (Gùxiàn)
  • / (Méixiàn)
  • /
  • / (zh?xiàn)
  • ?/?
  • /
  • /
  • / (xiànlìng)
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • / (xiànchéng)
  • /
  • / (xiàntàiyé)
  • /
  • / (xiàngu?n)
  • /
  • / (xiànwèi)
  • /
  • /
  • / (xiànf?)
  • / (xiànzhì)
  • / (xiànzhèngf?)
  • /
  • / (Xiànhé)
  • / (xiànzhì)
  • / (xiànjiè)
  • / (xiànlì)
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • /
  • / (xiàndào)
  • / (xiànzh?ng)
  • / (Sùb?i M?ngg?zú Zìzhìxiàn)
  • / (Jiùxiàn)
  • / (Hu?xiàn)
  • / (Téngxiàn)
  • / (Gànxiàn)
  • / (Chìxiàn)
  • ?/? (Chìxiàn Shénzh?u)
  • / (Hu?xiàn)
  • / (jùnxiàn)
  • /
  • ?/? (?kèsài H?sàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn)
  • /

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Japanese: ?() (ken); ?() (gen)
  • -> Korean: ? (?, hyeon)
  • -> Vietnamese: huy?n (?)

Others:

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. + Alternative form of ?/? (xuán, "to hang; to suspend").

Japanese

Kanji

?

("Jinmeiy?" kanji used for namesky?jitai kanji, shinjitai form ?)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

  • On (unclassified): (ken)
  • Kun: (kakeru, ); (kakaru, ); (agata, ?)

Korean

Hanja

? (eumhun ? (go'eul hyeon))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

? (eumhun ? (maedal hyeon))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: huy?n

  1. Hán t? form of huy?n ("district").

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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