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See also: ?

Translingual

Han character

? (radical 75, ?+10, 14 strokes, cangjie input ? (DOIR), four-corner 48967, composition ???)

References

  • KangXi: page 546, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 934, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1266, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+69CD

Chinese

Wikipedia has articles on:
  • ? (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • ? (Classical)
  • ? (Wu)

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (, OC *s?a?, *s?ra:?): semantic ? + phonetic ? (OC *s?a:?).

Etymology 1

trad. ?/?*
simp. ?

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (historical) spear; lance; pike
  2. gun; firearm; shooter (Classifier: ?/? m; ? m c; ? m c)
    ??? / ??? [Cantonese]  -  loeng5 baa2 coeng1 [Jyutping]  -  two guns
  3. Classifier for gunshots.
    ?????,???? [Cantonese, trad.]
    ?????,???? [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 zung1 zo2 gei2 coeng1, lau4 zo2 hou2 do1 hyut3. [Jyutping]
    He was shot a few times and bled a lot.
  4. + to collide
  5. A surname​.
Synonyms
See also
  • / (qi?ngxiè, "firearm")
  • ?/? (chòng, "blunderbuss")

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (?):
  • -> Korean: ? (?, chang)
  • -> Vietnamese: thng (?)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. Only used in / (chánch?ng, "comet").

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. (Hokkien) Alternative form of ? ("gun; firearm").

References


Japanese

Kanji

?

("Jinmeiy?" kanji used for names)

  1. spear, lance
  2. javelin

Readings

  • Go-on: (s?) (sau, historical)
  • Kan-on: (sh?) (syau, historical)
  • Kun: (yari, ?)
  • Nanori: (utsu); (utsugi)

Compounds

Etymology

Kanji in this term
?

Jinmeiy?
kun'yomi

The (ren'y?kei, stem or continuative form) of (yaru, "to do, execute -> to kill"). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

?() o (yari

  1. (weaponry) a spear, lance
  2. (shogi) common name for the (ky?sha, "lance")
  3. a javelin (throwing spear used in athletics)
  4. (archaic) jeering

Derived terms

Idioms

See also

Proper noun

?() o (Yari

  1. a surname​.

References

  1. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? ? (chang chang))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("spear").

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: thng, sang

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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