Note that the Ming typeface used in Japan and Korea as well as the Kangxi dictionary uses a vertical dot for the upper component of ? which is slightly different from modern Chinese scripts which uses a slanting ? dot for the upper component of ? in ?.
? (radical 50, ?+2, 5 strokes, cangjie input (YLB), four-corner 00227, composition ??? or ???)
- KangXi: page 328, character 3
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8775
- Dae Jaweon: page 632, character 13
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 729, character 5
- Unihan data for U+5E02
This character is not to be confused with visually similar but unrelated ? (
U+5DFF) ("type of clothing in ancient China") which has only four strokes and is written with ? across the top of ?.
Oracle bone script and bronze inscriptions: Phono-semantic compound (, OC *dj): semantic ? ("bustling") + phonetic ? (OC *tj?).
Possibly related to Proto-Tai *z.:? ("to buy"), whence Thai ? (s) (Schuessler, 2007).
- city; town
- market; fair
- to trade; to do business
- to buy
- to sell
- (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) business situation (buy and sell of goods)
(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)
From Old Japanese ? (ichi). Found in the Kojiki of 712 C.E..
? o (ichi)
- a market, a marketplace
- a place where a lot of people gather
- (less commonly) a town, a city
? o (-shi)
From Middle Chinese ? (MC dX).
- (SK Standard/Seoul) (key): [i(:)]
- Phonetic hangul: [?(:)]
- Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.
? (eumhun ? (jeoja si))
- Hanja form? of ? ("market").
- Hanja form? of ? ("city; town").
- (, dosi)
- (, sijang, "mayor")
- (, sijang, "market")
- (, sicheong, "city hall")
- (, simin, "citizen")
- (, sirip, "municipal")
- ? (?, Pyeong'yangsi, "Pyongyang city")
- ? (?, Incheonsi, "Incheon city")
- ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. 
?: Hán Nôm readings: th?
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text