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See also: ? and ?

Translingual

Stroke order
5 strokes

Alternative forms

Note that the Ming typeface used in Japan and Korea as well as the Kangxi dictionary uses a vertical dot for the upper component of ? which is slightly different from modern Chinese scripts which uses a slanting ? dot for the upper component of ? in ?.

Han character

? (radical 50, ?+2, 5 strokes, cangjie input (YLB), four-corner 00227, composition ??? or ???)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 328, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 632, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 729, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E02

Usage notes

This character is not to be confused with visually similar but unrelated ? (U+5DFF) ("type of clothing in ancient China") which has only four strokes and is written with ? across the top of ?.


Chinese

simp. and trad.
?
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character ?
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
?-bronze.svg ?-seal.svg ?-bigseal.svg

Oracle bone script and bronze inscriptions: Phono-semantic compound (, OC *dj): semantic ? ("bustling") + phonetic ? (OC *tj?).

Etymology

Possibly related to Proto-Tai *z.:? ("to buy"), whence Thai ? (s) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

Definitions

?

  1. city; town
  2. market; fair
  3. to trade; to do business
  4. to buy
  5. to sell
  6. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) business situation (buy and sell of goods)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

?

(grade 2 "Ky?iku" kanji)

Readings

  • Go-on: ? (ji)
  • Kan-on: ? (shi, J?y?)
  • Kun: (ichi, ?, J?y?)

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
?

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese ? (ichi). Found in the Kojiki of 712 C.E..[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

?() o (ichi

  1. a market, a marketplace
  2. a place where a lot of people gather
  3. (less commonly) a town, a city

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
?
?
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Suffix

?(?) o (-shi

  1. city

References

  1. ^ 1988, () (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), T?ky?: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), T?ky?: Sanseid?, ->ISBN

Korean

Etymology

From Middle Chinese ? (MC dX).

Historical readings

Pronunciation

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(:)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [?(:)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

? (eumhun ? (jeoja si))

  1. Hanja form? of ? ("market").
  2. Hanja form? of ? ("city; town").

Compounds

References

  • ( ) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, ?/?. [1]

Vietnamese

Han character

?: Hán Nôm readings: th?

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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