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Ancient Greek

Etymology

From Proto-Hellenic *p?ílos, from Proto-Indo-European *b?il-o-s, from *b?il- ("decent, good, harmonious, friendly"). Cognate with Old Irish bil ("good, mild") and Proto-Germanic *biliz ("kind, gentle; decent, fair"), whence Old English bile- ("kind, suitable, appropriate", prefix), German billig ("appropriate, fitting, inexpensive, cheap") and Dutch billijk ("appropriate").

Pronunciation

 

Adjective

o (phílosm (feminine , neuter ); first/second declension

  1. That which is loved or important: beloved, dear, of or from a friend
  2. (less commonly): loving, friendly

Inflection

Derived terms

  • (Antíphilos)
  • (arphilos)
  • (Theóphilos)
  • ? (S?philos)
  • (philé?)
  • (Phílippos)
  • (Philoítios)
  • (Philoklês)
  • ? (Philokrát?s)
  • ? (Philokt?t?s)
  • (Philom?l?)
  • (Philopath?)
  • (philopólemos)
  • (philóponos)
  • (Philóstratos)
  • ? (philót?s)
  • (philótimos)
  • (phíl?s)

Related terms

  • (philía)

Descendants

  • Latin: -phila

Noun

o (phílosm (genitive ); second declension

  1. friend

Declension

References


Greek

Etymology

From Ancient Greek (phílos), probably from a Proto-Hellenic *p?ílos, from Proto-Indo-European *b?il-o-s, from *b?il- ("decent, good, harmonious, friendly").

Noun

o (fílosm (plural , feminine ?)

  1. friend
  2. boyfriend
  3. acquaintance

Declension

Related terms

  • - (-filos)
  •  m (fílathlos, "sports fan")
  • ? (filikós, "friendly")
  • (filiká, "in a friendly manner", adverb)
  •  n (filikó, "friendly match")
  •  f (filoxenía, "hospitality")
  • (filóxenos, "hospitable")
  • (filoxenoúmenos, "hospitable")

Adjective

o (fílosm (feminine ?, neuter ?)

  1. friendly
  2. dear
  3. beloved (obsolete, literary)

Declension


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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