HOVELACQUE, v'-l?k?, Alexandre Abel (1843-96). French linguist and anthropologist, born in Paris. He was a pupil of Chavée in languages, and of Broca in comparative anatomy. In 1876 he was one of the founders of the Ecole d'Anthropologie, in which he was made professor of linguistic ethnography, and of which, after the death of Gavarret, he became director (1890). In spite of his scientific interests, he took an active part in politics as an extreme Republican. His works include: Mélanges des linguistique et d'anthropologie (1889, with Emile Picot and Julien Vinson); Les races humaines (1882); and Précis d'anthropologie (1887, with G. Hervé). In 1886 Hovelacque and Chavée founded the Revue de Linguistique.