|Zenigata Heiji character|
Monument to Zenigata Heiji, Kanda Myojin Shrine. The monument stands atop a replica of Heiji's coin.
|First appearance||' (19--)|
|Created by||Kod? Nomura|
Police station (set of Zenigata Heiji
, Toei Uzumasa Studios, Kyoto).
Monument to Hachigor?, Kanda My?jin.
Zenigata Heiji ( , Zenigata Heiji) is a Japanese fictional character, the hero of a series of Japanese novels, films and TV programmes set in the Edo period (1603-1868) of Japanese history. He is a policeman (?, okappiki) who catches criminals by throwing coins, the zeni of the title, thus Zenigata Heiji. The hero was created by novelist Kod? Nomura (?, Nomura Kod?) in 1931. Heiji's beat is My?jin-shita, "beneath the (Kanda) My?jin shrine".
The hero, Heiji, lives with his wife Oshizu. His sidekick is Hachigor? (), also known as Karappachi or just Hachi. He uses deduction, a jutte, and old-fashioned coins with a hole, called kan'eits?h? (?), as weapons to catch criminals.
The original series of stories ran from 1937 to 1959. The first story was published in the Japanese magazine Bungei Shunj? ?ru Yomimono-han (all story edition). In all, 383 stories were produced. Many are still in print in Japan today.
Zenigata Heiji is a fictional story, and is not based on any real individual. It is not made clear in which part of the Edo period the stories are set.
The description of the okappiki in Zenigata Heiji differs from reality on several points. Okappiki were unpaid, or received a very small amount of money. Zenigata Heiji is depicted as a full-time policeman with no other job. In reality, this would have been impossible. Further, the "jutte" that Heiji usually carries was only issued to okappiki when the severity of an incident called for it.
In the TV series, Heiji carries his jutte in his belt; however, the jutte was actually carried in a pocket. The style of the jutte is also unrealistic.
Films about Zenigata Heiji include:
The lyrics of the ending theme of the TV show changed every week depending on the plot line. In the TV series, the closing credits show a coin, based on the kan'eits?h? coin thrown by Heiji, with Zenigata Heiji written on it.
TV series about Zenigata Heiji include:
- ? Zenigata Heiji Torimono-Hikae (1958-1960) - 103 episodes
- ? Zenigata Heiji Torimono-Hikae (1962-1963) - 48 episodes
- ? Zenigata Heiji (Heiji, the Detective) (1966-1984) - 888 episodes. The longest-running Zenigata Heiji, Hashizo Okawa (? ?kawa Hashiz?) made a total of 888 programmes, with several different co-stars, from 1966 until his death in 1984. Hashiz? ?gawa is recorded in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest running actor in a one-hour long television series for his performance as Heiji. (Hashiz? ?awa was originally an onnagata, an actor who plays women's parts in kabuki.) Sanae Tsuchida was in the cast from 1970 to 1973.
- ? Zenigata Heiji (1987) - 26 episodes
- ? Zenigata Heiji (1991-1997) Kin'ya Kita?ji played Heiji in the 1990s, and in 2005, a new cast features Hiroaki Murakami in the lead role.
- ? Zenigata Heiji (2004-2006)
References/Appearances in other media
- In the manga/anime Lupin III, one of the supporting characters is Inspector Zenigata, who continually chases the protagonist Lupin. It is stated in the first episode of the first season that he is a descendant of Zenigata Heiji.
- Zenigata Heiji is mentioned in the anime Ryusei no Rockman.
- In the Final Fantasy series, the Zeninage skill (alternately translated as MoneyThrow, GP Toss, or Takeover) consists of throwing coins at the target for damage. The skill was introduced in Final Fantasy V as a technique of the Samurai job. Final Fantasy VI requires that the "Heiji's Jitte" item be equipped to unlock this ability.
- In the video game Sekiro the main character can throw coins at his enemies. Since the game is about Samurai, this is probably both a reference to Zenigata Heiji and the Samurai job from the aforementioned Final Fantasy series.
- Zenigata Heiji is highlighted in volume 8 of the Detective Conan manga's edition of "Gosho Aoyama's Mystery Library, a section of the graphic novels where the author introduces a different detective (or occasionally, a villain) from mystery literature, television, or other media. Heiji is also the given name of one of the series' major characters, Heiji Hattori.
- in Ken akumatsu's Mahou Sensei Negima manga, Zenigata Heiji is referenced during the fight between Mana Tatsumiya and Ku Fei, when the former uses coins to attack the latter.
- in a chapter of Urusei Yatsura, Ataru remembers to be Heiji Zenigata upon picking up a jitte.
- Jidaigeki, Japanese period dramas
- ja:?, the Japanese popflock.com resource article on kan'eits?h? gives images of the original coins.
- Japanese mon (currency), the Japanese currency represented by the kan'eits?h?.