Yuryev-Polsky (town)
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Yuryev-Polsky Town
Yuryev-Polsky

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View of Yuryev-Polsky
View of Yuryev-Polsky
Flag of Yuryev-Polsky
Flag
Coat of arms of Yuryev-Polsky
Coat of arms
Location of Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky is located in Russia
Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky
Location of Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky is located in Vladimir Oblast
Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky
Yuryev-Polsky (Vladimir Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°30?N 39°41?E / 56.500°N 39.683°E / 56.500; 39.683Coordinates: 56°30?N 39°41?E / 56.500°N 39.683°E / 56.500; 39.683
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVladimir Oblast[1]
Administrative districtYuryev-Polsky District[1]
Founded1152
Elevation
140 m (460 ft)
Population
 o Total19,595
 o Estimate 
(2018)[3]
18,433 (-5.9%)
 o Capital ofYuryev-Polsky District[4]
 o Municipal districtYuryev-Polsky Municipal District[5]
 o Urban settlementYuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement[5]
 o Capital ofYuryev-Polsky Municipal District[5], Yuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
601800
Dialing code(s)+7 49246
OKTMO ID17656101001

Yuryev-Polsky (Russian: -) is an old town and the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located in the upper reaches of the Koloksha River, 68 kilometers (42 mi) northwest of Vladimir, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: ;[2];[8];[9] 23,000 (1974).

History

It was founded by Yury Dolgoruky in 1152.[] First part of its name derives from Yury's patron saint, St. George. The second part is derived from the word polsky meaning "in the fields". This specification was needed in order to distinguish the town from the earlier established fortress of Yuryev (nowadays Tartu), at the time located in the woods in what is now Estonia and then the biggest Russian settlement in the territory of the Chuds.

Upon Vsevolod III's death in 1212, the town was assigned to one of his youngest sons, Svyatoslav. It was that prince who personally designed the town's chief landmark, the Cathedral of St. George (1230-1234). It is the latest pre-Mongol construction in Russia, unprecedented in abundance of stone sculptures, and also the model for first stone churches in the Moscow Kremlin. In the 1460s, the cathedral's dome collapsed, thus burying most of unique sculptures which had adorned the cathedral walls. The collapsed roof was sloppily restored by a well-known Muscovite artisan, Vasili Yermolin, in 1471.

St. George's Cathedral (1230-1234) was the last stone church built in Russia before the Mongol invasion

The great Battle of Lipitsa was fought near the town in 1216. In 1238, Yuryev was sacked by the Mongols. A century later, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The chief monument of the Muscovite period is the walled Monastery of Archangel Michael, founded in the 13th century and containing various buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries. Several miles from Yuryev, on the bank of the Yakhroma River, stands the Kosmin Cloister, whose structures are typical for the mid-17th century.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yuryev-Polsky serves as the administrative center of Yuryev-Polsky District,[4] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Yuryev-Polsky is incorporated within Yuryev-Polsky Municipal District as Yuryev-Polsky Urban Settlement.[5]

Twin towns - sister cities

Yuryev-Polsky is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b ? ? ?. ? ? , ? ? . No 019-95 1 1997 ?. « ? -? ?.  17 256», ? . No278/2015  1 2016 ?.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 17 256, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #55-OZ
  6. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • ? ?. ? No433  13 ? 2007 ?. «? ? - ? ?», ? . ? No169  5 2015 ?. «? ? ? ? 13.06.2007 No433 "? ? - ? ?"». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No114, 20 ? 2007 ?. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #169 of March 5, 2015 On Amending Resolution #433 of the Oblast Governor of June 13, 2007 "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • ?.  No55-  11 2005 ?. «? - ? ? , ? , ? ? », ? . No54-  14 ? 2012 ?. «? ? ? 8-1 ? ? "? - ? ? , ? , ? ? "». ? ? ?  ? (17  2005 ?.). : " ", No156-157, 17 2005 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #55-OZ of May 11, 2005 On Granting Yuryev-Polsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #54-OZ of June 14, 2012 On Amending Appendix 8-1 to the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting Yuryev-Polsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication (May 17, 2005).).

External links


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Yuryev-Polsky_(town)
 



 



 
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