Yei Zhuang Language
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Yei Zhuang Language
Yei Zhuang
Buyue[1]
Pronunciation[pu?jai]
Native toChina
RegionWenshan Prefecture, Yunnan; western Guangxi
EthnicitySha
Native speakers
1 million (2007)[2]
Dialects
  • Po-ai
Language codes
Either:
zgn - Guibian Zhuang
zqe - Qiubei Zhuang
Glottologguib1244 
qiub1238 

Yei Zhuang is a Northern Tai language complex spoken in Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, China. Its speakers are also known as the Sha ().

Distribution

In Yunnan, Yei Zhuang dialects are spoken in Funing and Guangnan counties (also in Guangxi to the east and north), as well as Qiubei (probably also in Qujing Municipality to the north). The largest concentrations of Yei Zhuang speakers are found in Qiubei (80% of total Zhuang population) and Funing (50% of total Zhuang population) counties (Johnson 2011a:43).

Po-ai, a Tai language of Funing County described by Fang-kuei Li in the mid-1900s, was determined by Johnson (2011b) to be a Yei Zhuang dialect.

Names

Below are various names (both autonyms and exonyms) for speakers of Yei Zhuang (Johnson 2011a:43).

  • pu Nong ()
  • pu35 ?jai34, pu33 juei34, pu22 jai13; bu ji (Qiubei)
  • bu Yai ()
  • bu Yei (, , )
  • Shazu () or Sharen ()
  • Baisha ()
  • Nongqianbeng ()
  • Zhongjia ()

Many of these are names of Bouyei as well.

Characteristics

There are no palatalized consonants in Qiubei Zhuang. /pj/ in standard Zhuang is /p/, as in /pja1/ "fish", pjak7 "vegetable" is /pa/1, /pak/7.[3] /mj/ is m or n,for example mja:k3 "slippery", mja:i2 "saliva" as /ma6/, /na:i2/. /kj/ is merged into k or t,for example kja:?1 "middle", kja4(orphan) is /ka:?3/, /tsa4/. The consonant k before i, e is changed to ts, for instance ki3 "several", ki:?2 (triangular cooker),[clarification needed] ke5 "old" as /t?i1/, /t?i:?2/, /t?es/.

References

  1. ^ The Chinese name. An approximation, as Yei and Yai are not possible in Mandarin.
  2. ^ Guibian Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Qiubei Zhuang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ See Proto-Tai_language#Tones for an explanation of the tone codes.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Yei_Zhuang_language
 



 



 
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