Ye%C5%9Fil River
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Ye%C5%9Fil River
Ye?il?rmak River
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationSivas
 ⁃ location
Black Sea
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length418 km (260 mi)

The Ye?il?rmak (Turkish: Ye?il?rmak, "Green River"; classical Ancient Greek: ?, Iris) is a river in northern Turkey. From its source north-east of Sivas, it flows past Tokat and Amasya, and reaches the Black Sea at Samsun after 418 km (260 mi).

Its tributaries include the Çekerek (ancient Scylax) and the Kelkit (ancient Lycus).

It is mentioned by Menippus of Pergamon in the 1st century BC.[1][2]

Strabo's Geographica describes it as flowing through Comana Pontica, the plain of Dazimonitis (Ka?ova) (40°17?41?N 36°17?48?E / 40.2947808°N 36.296736°E / 40.2947808; 36.296736), and Gaziura (probably modern Turhal)[3] before receiving the waters (40°33?42?N 35°45?34?E / 40.5615797°N 35.7595217°E / 40.5615797; 35.7595217) of the Scylax, then flowing through Amaseia (Amasya) before reaching the valley of Phanaroea.[4]


  1. ^ Serena Bianchetti, Michele Cataudella, Hans-Joachim Gehrke, [Brill's Companion to Ancient Geography: The Inhabited World in Greek and Roman Tradition (BRILL, 4 Dec 2015) p 263.
  2. ^ Georgia L. IrbyGeorgia L. Irby, A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome, 2 Volume Set (John Wiley & Sons, 2016) p 865.
  3. ^ Phytoplankton and seasonal variations of the River Ye?il?rmak, Amasya, Turkey (9 May 2003)
  4. ^ Strabo 12:3:15 at Perseus

Coordinates: 41°22?54?N 36°39?37?E / 41.3816°N 36.6603°E / 41.3816; 36.6603

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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