Yamaha Clavinova
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Yamaha Clavinova
Clavinova CVP-303 Player Piano

The Clavinova is a long-running line of premium digital pianos created by the Yamaha Corporation. They are similar in styling to an acoustic piano, but with many features common to various keyboards such as the ability to save and load songs, the availability of different voices, and, in more recent models, the ability to be connected to a computer via USB or wireless network for music production or interactive piano lesson programs. Its name came from the 2 words "Clavier", meaning "keyboard instrument" and "nova", meaning "new" combined.

It celebrated its 35th anniversary since its inception in 1983.[1]

Technical information

All current (and many past) Clavinovas (CLP and CVP-Series) feature Yamaha's Graded Hammer technology, a mechanical system of small metal hammers, weighted to be similar to those of an acoustic piano, which activates a digital pressure sensor that then translates into sound. This technology has contributed to the success of the Clavinova as a more affordable substitute for an acoustic piano. The graded action is intended to reproduce more accurately the varying weights of the hammers of an acoustic piano where the hammers vary in weight from the bass section to the treble. Higher-end models, such as the CVP-600 Series from 2012, incorporate real wood keys and linear grading for added realism.

The built-in synthesizer produces the sound. Early Clavinova models used FM synthesis. Later models use sample-based synthesis to produce the sound. Information comes in a MIDI or similar format either directly from the piano keyboard or from a stored source (from within the piano or via a computer or external sequencer). The synthesizer can imitate a large array of acoustic instruments, electronic instruments and other sound effects. Recent models of CVP Clavinova have hundreds of such voices. These usually include many types of pianos and organs, string, percussion, brass and woodwind instruments, as well as modern and vintage synthesizer sounds, sampled effects etc. The more recent CVP models also feature many accompaniment styles, ranging from traditional dance and classical orchestration, through to more modern club, pop, rock, big band and jazz styles.

As of May 2017, the current line of Clavinova CLP models are the CLP-600 series, and the current Clavinova CVP models are the CVP-700 series. In August 2017 Yamaha introduced a new line of tablet computer-enabled Clavinovas, the CSP series, which was designed for use with Yamaha's SmartPianist app to access and control features of the instrument.

Graded Hammer

The various graded or progressively weighted keys are[2]

  • Graded Hammer Standard (GHS), formerly Hammer Effect (HE) or Action Effect (AE)
  • Graded Hammer (GH or sometimes GHE), somewhat heavier than GHS. GH is also closer to the weight of real piano keys.
  • Graded Hammer 3 (GH3), like GH, but GH3 incorporate a third sensor, thus make the key respond more like "grand piano" behavior. GH3 allows the player to trigger the sound when depressed a second time, even when the note is still decaying and the player has not completely released the key after the first push of the key. This make some technique such as soft legato "trill" easier to excecute
  • Graded Hammer 3X (GH3X) keyboard features an "escapement" mechanism that reproduces a slight clicking sensation near the bottom of the key travel. It has been designed in such a way that the click is discernible only on the lightest keystrokes, similar to the keyboard of a grand piano.[3]
  • Natural Wood (NW) is graded like the GH3 but also uses spruce wood to make the feel even closer to that of the acoustic grand piano.
  • Natural Wood X (NWX) provides the keys of the NW keyboard, yet also has escapement, giving even more accurate feel.
  • GrandTouch Keyboard has a longer key length. The longer distance between the edge of the key and its pivot point means that it requires less strength to push down. [4]
  • 88-key Linear Graded Hammers provide 88 levels of gradation (each key has its own weight). With NWX, it has the most accurate feel of any of the Clavinovas, although also found on some NW keyboards.


Keyboard "feel" feature matrix for current models

From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.[5] From Yamaha Product Spec page.[6]

Clavinova Series/Model GrandTouch Keyboard Graded Hammer 3 (GH3) Natural Wood Keyboard (NW) Synthetic Ivory Keytops 88-key Linear Graded Hammers Escapement Counterweighted
CLP Series
CLP-150 no no no no yes no no
CLP-170 no yes no no no no no
CLP-230[7] no yes no no no no no
CLP-240[8] no yes no no no no no
CLP-270 no yes no no no no no
CLP-280 no yes yes no no no no
CLP-S306 no yes no yes no no no
CLP-S308 no yes yes yes no no no
CLP-320 no no no no no no no
CLP-330 no yes no no no no no
CLP-340 no yes no yes no no no
CLP-370 no yes yes yes no no no
CLP-380 no yes yes yes no no no
CLP-430 no yes no no no no no
CLP-440 no yes no yes no no no
CLP-465GP no yes no no no no no
CLP-470 no yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-480 no yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-S406 no yes no yes no no no
CLP-S408 no yes yes yes yes no no
CLP-525 no yes no yes no no no
CLP-535 no yes no yes no yes no
CLP-545 no yes yes yes no yes no
CLP-565GP no yes no yes no yes no
CLP-575 no yes yes yes yes yes no
CLP-585 no yes yes yes yes yes yes
CLP-625 no yes no yes no yes no
CLP-635 no yes no yes no yes no
CLP-645 no yes yes yes no yes no
CLP-665GP no yes no yes no yes no
CLP-675 yes no yes yes yes yes no
CLP-685 yes no yes yes yes yes yes
CLP-695GP yes no yes yes yes yes yes
Clavinova Series/Model GrandTouch Keyboard Graded Hammer 3 (GH3) Natural Wood Keyboard (NW) Synthetic Ivory Keytops 88-key Linear Graded Hammers Escapement Counterweighted
CVP Series
CVP-307 no yes no no no no no
CVP-309 no yes yes no no no no
CVP-401 no no no no no no no
CVP-403 no yes no no no no no
CVP-405 no yes no no no no no
CVP-407 no yes yes no yes no no
CVP-409 no yes yes yes no no no
CVP-409GP no yes yes yes no no no
CGP-1000 no yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-501 no yes no no no no no
CVP-503 no yes no no no no no
CVP-505 no yes no no no no no
CVP-509 no yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-601 no yes no no no no no
CVP-605 no yes no yes no no no
CVP-609 no yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-609GP no yes yes yes yes no no
CVP-701 no yes no yes no yes no
CVP-705 no yes yes yes yes yes no
CVP-709 no yes yes yes yes yes yes
CVP-709GP no yes yes yes yes yes yes
Clavinova Series/Model GrandTouch Keyboard Graded Hammer 3 (GH3) Natural Wood Keyboard (NW) Synthetic Ivory Keytops 88-key Linear Graded Hammers Escapement Counterweighted
CSP Series
CSP-150[9] no yes no yes no yes no
CSP-170[10] no no yes yes no yes no

Tone feature matrix for 3 past generations and current models

From Yamaha Clavinova microsite.[11] From Clavinova Spec page [12]

Clavinova Series/Model AWM Sampling CF Sampling CF-RGE Sampling CFX-RGE Sampling Half-damper Key-Off Samples String Resonance VRM iAFC Effect IAC Tri-Amped Quad-Amped
CLP Series
CLP-150 yes no no no no yes yes no no no no no
CLP-170 yes no no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CLP-270 yes no no no no yes yes no yes no no no
CLP-280 yes no no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CLP-265GP yes no no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-295GP yes no no no yes yes no no yes no no no
CLP-320 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-330 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-340 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no no no no no
CLP-370 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no no no no no
CLP-380 no 5 level no no yes yes yes no yes no yes no
CLP-S306 no 3 level no no yes no no no no no no no
CLP-S308 no 4 level no no yes no yes no no no no no
CLP-430 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-440 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-S406 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-465GP no no yes no yes yes no no no yes no no
CLP-470 no no yes no yes yes yes no yes yes no no
CLP-480 no no yes no yes yes yes no yes yes yes no
CLP-S408 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-525 no no yes no yes yes no no no yes no no
CLP-535 no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-545 no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-565GP no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no no
CLP-575 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CLP-585 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes no
Clavinova Series/Model AWM Sampling CF Sampling CF-RGE Sampling CFX-RGE Sampling Half-damper Key-Off Samples String Resonance VRM iAFC Effect IAC Tri-Amped Quad-Amped
CVP Series
CVP-307 yes no no no no yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-309 yes no no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-401 yes 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-403 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-405 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-407 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-409 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-409GP no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CGP-1000 no 4 level no no yes yes yes no yes no no no
CVP-501 no 3 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-503 no 4 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-505 no 4 level no no yes yes no no no no no no
CVP-509 no 5 level no no yes yes yes no no no yes no
CVP-601 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CVP-605 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes no no
CVP-609 no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes yes no
CVP-609GP no no yes no yes yes yes no no yes yes no
CVP-701 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CVP-705 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no no
CVP-709 no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no yes
CVP-709GP no no no yes yes yes yes yes no yes no yes

History

From Clavinova's 35th anniversary website.[13]

Predecessors (YP and CV)

YP (CVP Predecessor)

  • 1983: YP-10, YP-20, YP-30, YP-40 - provided the "Stereo Symphonic effect" showing depth feeling to perform in concert halls and live houses, first pianos on the series

CV (CLP Predecessor)

  • 1984: CV-100, CV-300

CVP and CGP models

  • 1985: CVP-3, CVP-5, CVP-7 - First CVP series Clavinova
  • 1987: CVP-6, CVP-8, CVP-10, CVP-100MA, CVP-100PE
  • 1988: CVP-20
  • 1989: CVP-30, CVP-50, CVP-70
  • 1991: CVP-25*, CVP-35, CVP-45, CVP-55, CVP-65, CVP-75
  • 1993: CVP-83, CVP-85, CVP-87, CVP-89
  • 1995: CVP-49,[14] CVP-59, CVP-69, CVP-79 - added LCD on all models except CVP-49, and introduced LCD buttons.
  • 1997: CVP-92, CVP-94, CVP-96, CVP-98, CVP-555 - First modern design button LCD, Organ Combo (predecessor to Organ Flutes! voices). Based on the PSR-8000 and PSR-740
  • 1998: CVP-600
  • 1999: CVP-103, CVP-105, CVP-107, CVP-109. Based on PSR-740 and PSR-9000
  • 2000: CVP-700
  • 2001: CVP-201, CVP-203, CVP-205, CVP-207, CVP-209 - Introduced most of the current technologies, added first color display, and with the latest button setup. Based on PSR-9000, 9000 Pro and PSR-2100
  • 2002: CVP-900
  • 2003: CVP-202, CVP-204, CVP-206, CVP-208, CVP-210. Based on PSR-2100
  • 2004: CVP-301, CVP-303, CVP-305, CVP-309, CVP-307, CVP-309, CVP-309GP - All models have current button display, first GH3 and NW keyboards. Added Mega Voices and based on Tyros/PSR-3000
  • 2008: CGP-1000
  • 2008: CVP-401, CVP-403, CVP-405, CVP-407, CVP-409, CVP-409GP - Added Super Articulation, based on Tyros 2/PSR-S900
  • 2009: CVP-501, CVP-503, CVP-505, CVP-509 - Introduced several new keyboard technologies, added S. Articulation 2. Added free play styles. Based on Tyros 3/PSR-S910
  • 2013: CVP-601, CVP-605, CVP-609, CVP-609GP - All models have S. Articulation and GH3, added touch screen and RGE sound engine. Based on Tyros 4/PSR-S950
  • 2015: CVP-701, CVP-705, CVP-709, CVP-709GP - All models have color displays and synthetic ivory keycaps. Added VRM sound engine and escapement. Based on Tyros 5/PSR-S970

CLP models.

History reference.[15][16]

  • 1985: CLP-20, CLP-30
  • 1986: CLP-40, CLP-45, CLP-50, CLP-55, CLP-200, CLP-300
  • 1987: CLP-100, CLP-100MA, CLP-100PE, CLP-500
  • 1988: CLP-250, CLP-350, CLP-550, CLP-650
  • 1989: CLP-570, CLP-650W, CLP-670
  • 1990: CLP-260, CLP-360, CLP-560, CLP-760
  • 1992: CLP-121, CLP-122, CLP-123, CLP-124
  • 1994: CLP-152S, CLP-153S, CLP-153SG, CLP-154S, CLP-155, CLP-157
  • 1996: CLP-311, CLP-411, CLP-511, CLP-611, CLP-811, CLP-911
  • 1997: CLP-555
  • 1998: CLP-810, CLP-820, CLP-840, CLP-860, CLP-880
  • 2000: CLP-920, CLP-930, CLP-950, CLP-955, CLP-970, CLP-970A
  • 2001: CLP-910, CLP-990
  • 2002: CLP-110, CLP-120, CLP-130, CLP-150, CLP-170
  • 2003: CLP-115
  • 2005: CLP-F01
  • 2005: CLP-220, CLP-230, CLP-240, CLP-270, CLP-280, CLP-265GP, CLP-295GP
  • 2008: CLP-320, CLP-330, CLP-340, CLP-370, CLP-380, CLP-S306, CLP-S308
  • 2011: CLP-430, CLP-440, CLP-465GP, CLP-470, CLP-480, CLP-S406, CLP-S408 - Implemented RGE Sound Engine
  • 2014: CLP-525, CLP-535, CLP-545, CLP-565GP, CLP-575, CLP-585 - Revised LCD, added VRM
  • 2017: CLP-625, CLP-635, CLP-645, CLP-665GP, CLP-675, CLP-685

CSP models

  • 2017: CSP-150, CSP-170

*Uncertain, please help the wiki by finding correct data.

See also

References

  1. ^ "35 - - ". jp.yamaha.com (in Japanese). Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Yamaha FAQ". Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ http://europe.yamaha.com/en/products/musical-instruments/keyboards/digitalpianos/clp_series/clp-535/
  4. ^ https://www.reidys.com/blog/clp645-vs-clp675-yamaha-clavinova-what-is-the-difference-2011/
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-14. Retrieved .CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ http://usa.yamaha.com/products/musical-instruments/keyboards/digitalpianos/clp_series/clp480/?mode=model#tab=product_lineup
  7. ^ https://ca.yamaha.com/files/download/other_assets/4/335454/clp240_en1.pdf
  8. ^ https://ca.yamaha.com/files/download/other_assets/4/335454/clp240_en1.pdf
  9. ^ https://europe.yamaha.com/en/products/musical_instruments/pianos/clavinova/csp-150/specs.html
  10. ^ https://europe.yamaha.com/en/products/musical_instruments/pianos/clavinova/csp-170/specs.html
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-10. Retrieved .CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://usa.yamaha.com/products/musical-instruments/keyboards/digitalpianos/cvp_series/cvp-609/?mode=model
  13. ^ " - - ". jp.yamaha.com (in Japanese). Retrieved .
  14. ^ http://www.yamaha.com
  15. ^ http://www.jameswoodcock.co.uk/2013/10/01/yamaha-clavinova-celebrates-30th-birthday-digital-piano-range-history-revealed/
  16. ^ https://ca.yamaha.com/en/products/contents/pianos/clavinova35th/chronicle/index.html

External links


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