Yamada Town Hall
Location of Yamada in Iwate Prefecture
|o Total||262.81 km2 (101.47 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|o Density||56/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Bird||Black-tailed gull|
|Address||3-20 Hachiman-cho, Yamada-machi, Shimohei-gun, Iwate-ken 028-1392|
Yamada ( is a Yamada-machi)town in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019 , the town had an estimated population of 14,765. and a population density of 56.2 persons per km², in 6,668 households. The total area of the town is 262.81 square kilometres (101.47 sq mi).
Yamada has a oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Yamada is 9.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1415 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 21.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.8 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Yamada has declined over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Yamada was part of ancient Mutsu Province, dominated by the Nambu clan from the Sengoku period. It was part of Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period. Yamada was the location of the 1643 Breskens Incident, where the Dutch ship Breskens, part of the De Vries expedition, made two unauthorised visits to Yamada and was captured by Japanese authorities.
With the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system, the town of Yamada was created within Higashihei District on April 1, 1889. Higashihei District was merged into Minamihei District on March 29, 1896. On March 1, 1955, Yamada annexed the neighboring villages of Funakoshi, Orikada, Osawa and Toyomane to reach is present borders.
The local economy is strongly based on commercial fishing.
Yamada has nine public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.