Xuanyuanism
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Xuanyuanism
Church of Xuanyuan
? Xu?nyuánjiàohuì
Xuanyuanism.svg
TypeConfucian church
ClassificationChinese salvationist religion
ScriptureFour Books and Five Classics
FounderWang Hansheng
Origin1952
Taiwan
Other name(s)Way of Xuanyuan (), Huangdiism ()
Official websitehttp://huangdi-culture.org/
Xuanyuan Temple in Huangling, Yan'an, Shaanxi, at the ideal sacred centre of China.

Xuanyuandao ( "Way of Xuanyuan")[a], also known as Xuanyuanism ([b]) or Huangdiism ([c]), is a Confucian folk religion of China which was founded in Taipei, Taiwan, in 1952.[1] The founder was Wang Hansheng () (1899-1989), a legislator.[2] The Church of Xuanyuan aims to restore the "national religion" of archaic (pre-Han dynasty) China,[3] with Huangdi as the universal God.

Theology and practices

The Church of Xuanyuan subsumes all the ways of worship to local deities under one national god, Xuanyuan Huangdi (? "Xuanyuan the Yellow Deity"[d]). According to the Shiji, Xuanyuan was the name of Huangdi,[4] and he is traditionally considered the thearch (progenitor god) of the Han Chinese race.[5]

Xuanyuanism is based on Confucian rationalism, and therefore rejects practices it considers superstitious that are found in other sects of Chinese folk religion, such as scripture writing through god mediumship.[6]

Diffusion

As of 2013 the Xuanyuandao has 200,000 adherents in Taiwan and is active in China, where it runs temples, schools, and members take part in the sacrifices celebrated at the Xuanyuan Temple, the largest temple dedicated to Huangdi in the world.[7] Huangdi is also worshipped in Chinese folk religion by millions of people who do not necessarily belong to the Church of Xuanyuan.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Xu?nyuándào, traditional characters: . Xuanyuan is said to have been the Yellow Emperor's personal name.
  2. ^ Xu?nyuánjiào
  3. ^ Huángdìjiào, traditional characters: ; "faith in the Yellow Deity"
  4. ^ The color yellow [huáng ?] represents earth, the dragon, and the centre of the universe [Shangdi] in Chinese cosmologies, and is used as a revelative character for the homophone huáng ? "august, generative".

References

  1. ^ Goossaert, Palmer. 2011. p. 295
  2. ^ Jochim 2003. p. 60
  3. ^ Goossaert, Palmer. 2011. p. 295
  4. ^ Clart, Jones. 2003. p. 60
  5. ^ Clart, Jones. 2003. p. 60
  6. ^ Journal of Chinese Religions, 1997, n. 25. p. 18
  7. ^ Baidu Baike Encyclopedia: .

Sources

  • Christian Jochim, "Carrying Confucianism into the Modern World: The Taiwan Case". In Philip Clart, Charles Brewer Jones. Religion in Modern Taiwan: Tradition and Innovation in a Changing Society. University of Hawaii Press, 2003. ISBN 0824825640), pp. 48-83.
  • Goossaert, Vincent, David Palmer. The Religious Question in Modern China. University of Chicago Press, 2011. ISBN 0226304167
  • Patricia Eichenbaum Karetzky. Journal of Chinese Religions. Fall 1997, No. 25.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Xuanyuanism
 



 



 
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