Wyszes%C5%82awa of Kiev
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Wyszes%C5%82awa of Kiev
Wyszes?awa of Kiev
Duchess consort of Poland
Reign1068?-1079
Born1047?
Diedafter 1089
SpouseBoles?aw II the Bold
IssueMieszko Boles?awowic
HouseRurik
FatherSviatoslav II of Kiev
MotherKilikia

Wyszeslawa Sviatoslavna of Kiev (Russian: , romanizedVysheslava Svyatoslavna, Polish: Wyszes?awa ?wiatos?awówna) (b. ca. 1047?[1] - d. aft. 1089), was a Kievan Rus' princess and member of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess and later Queen of Poland.

She was the eldest child and only daughter of Sviatoslav II, Prince of Chernihiv and later Grand Prince of Kiev, by his wife Kilikia, probably member of the House of Dithmarschen.[2]

Life

The chronicler Jan D?ugosz and other authors reported her parentage.[3] She was certainly married to Boles?aw II the Bold, Duke of Poland before 1069, because in that year their only child, Mieszko, was born. She was probably crowned Queen of Poland with her husband on Christmas Day of 1076 in the Gniezno Cathedral by the Archbishop Bogumi?.

In 1079, together with her husband and son she was exiled in Hungary. Two years later (ca. 1081/82) Boles?aw II died under mysterious circumstances, probably by poison. In 1086, together with her son Mieszko, Wyszes?awa returned to Poland. According to Gallus Anonymus, she participated in the funeral of her son, who was poisoned in 1089. This is the last mention of the wife of Boles?aw II the Bold; her fate remains unknown.

Modern historians, led by Oswald Balzer in his Genealogia Piastów (1895), refuted the name and origins of Boles?aw II's wife. They stated that she likely had a German or Russian origin. Also, there is the theory that the Queen Agnes (Agnes Regina) whose obituary is recorded in Zwiefalten was the wife of Boles?aw II; it is also believed that she belonged to the P?emyslid dynasty.[4]

References

  1. ^ Genealogía, Reyes y Reinos by Nicolas Homar [retrieved 15 July 2014].
  2. ^ RUSSIA, Rurik - Vizeslava Sviatoslavna wife Boleslaw II Poland in MedLands Projects by Charles Crowley [retrieved 15 July 2014].
  3. ^ Nicholas Baumgarten (1927), p. 20, citing Sommersberg, Selisiacorum Rerum Scriptores, vol. V, cap. 1, pp. 650-651; Monumenta Poloniae Historica, vol. IV, cap. 10; Tatyszczew, vol. III, p. 119, and Linniczenko, Relations mutuelles de Russie et de Pologne, pag. 53.
  4. ^ T. Jurek, Agnes regina. W poszukiwaniu ?ony Boles?awa Szczodrego, LXXII, 2006, s. 95-104.
Wyszes?awa of Kiev
Born: ca. 1047? Died: aft. 1089
Royal titles
Preceded by
Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Duchess consort of Poland
Queen from 1076

1068?-1079
Succeeded by
Judith of Bohemia

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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