With the People From the Bridge
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With the People From the Bridge
With the People from the Bridge
With the people from the bridge.jpg
English edition
AuthorDimitris Lyacos
Original title ?
TranslatorShorsha Sullivan
Cover artistDominik Ziller
CountryGreece
LanguageGreek
SeriesPoena Damni
GenreWorld literature, Postmodernism
PublisherShoestring Press
Publication date
2014
Published in English
2014
Pages101
ISBN9781910323915
Preceded byZ213: Exit 
Followed byThe First Death 

With the People from the Bridge (Greek: ? ) is the second part of the Poena Damni trilogy by Greek author Dimitris Lyacos. The book deals with the theme of loss and the return of the dead in the context of Christian teleology.[1] The text is encased in a post-theatrical ritual drama form, drawing on various philosophical and literary sources as well as ancient and modern Greek folklore.[2] The plot-line centers around an Orpheus-like journey[3] of the protagonist LG who joins his deceased companion in the grave and is subsequently led by her to a liminal[4] realm ahead of the imminent Resurrection Day. The work has been categorized by critics to belong to both the Modernist and the Post-Modernist[5] tradition, while at the same time bearing strong affinities to a variety of canonical texts, among others Homer, Dante, Kafka, Joyce[6] and Beckett.[3]

Synopsis

With the People from the Bridge follows the main line of narrative of Z213: Exit, the first book of the Poena Damni trilogy. The work opens with a first-person account of the narrator of Z213: Exit, who recounts his arrival at a derelict train station named Nichtovo[7] in search of a place where, he has been told, an improvised performance is being staged by, what appear to be, a band of social outcasts. The narrator joins the few members of the audience present and goes on to record in his journal the setting as well as the events taking place "on stage" as the performance is about to begin.[8] A group of four women in the role of a Chorus and three other protagonists (LG, NCTV, Narrator) are making their final preparations in front of a dilapidated car among machine parts and the noise of a generator. As the lights "on stage" are lowered the performance sets off with the Chorus's opening monologue followed in turn by the sequence of recitations of the other characters. The story unfolds during the timeline of a calendar day dedicated to the dead, a kind of All Souls' Day or Saturday of Souls. The plot-line originates in the Bible incident (Mark[9], 5:9), according to which the Gerasene demoniac begs Jesus to spare him from his torments.[10] In the play enacted, LG assumes and expands on the role of the demoniac, recounting his past condition and describing how he has ended up taking residence in a cemetery. In a kind of simultaneous narration, LG recounts how he has opened the grave of his deceased companion (NCTV), prompted by voices he has been hearing. He enters, finds her body inside and feels compelled to stay with her,[8] eventually making the realization that she is gradually coming back to life. Meanwhile, the Chorus are making preparations in anticipation of the yearly visit of their deceased kin and LG and NCTV eventually join them after having broken off from a crowd of revenants aroused on the occasion of the Soul Saturday. As the day comes to an end, LG and NCTV leave and become again part of the crowd they had broken off from. Despite trying to hold on to each other they are finally absorbed in an indefinite collective of souls moving ahead and cross "the bridge between the worlds" as a Christian-like resurrection appears on the horizon.[1] The book concludes with the epilogue of the on-stage(internal) Narrator recounting the process by which a mob gathered in a cemetery unearths two bodies, ritually "killing" the female by driving a stake in her chest, in a manner akin to handling vampires[7] in the Slavonic tradition. A final narrative twist is offered by the presence of a tabloid clipping which delivers the reader back to a stark and gruesome every-day reality.[11][12]

Genre

With the people from the bridge is a cross-genre work combining prose narrative with dramatic monologues written in poetry form.[13] Verse soliloquies, elements of staging and ritual as well as choral incantations and simple descriptions are combined to create a polyvalent text approximating both poetry and drama.[12] The makeshift stage as well as the presence of actors give the text its dramatic character, while action and setting, filtered through a spectator's perspective, bring to prominence the dimension of storytelling. Self-reflexive theatricality achieved through a clear-cut presentation of the division of spectators, actors and director[14] and accounted for by the unifying voice of an external narrator leads to the work's classification as a piece of metatheatre. Further, and due to a constellation of elements including broken narrative, fragmented characters and illusory/imagistic setting, conveyed in the form of a personal experience of an audience member, the work has been categorized as a dinstinctively postmodern play. However, because of its allegiance and focus on a Grand Narrative reconstruction it seems to stand at a distance from postmodern associations.[15]

Style

Don't go out. Stay here until
they come and take you. If you go out
nobody will know you. Each one waiting
for their own, in a station
you don't recognize, a station inside
a church. I had a dream yesterday.
We were holding hands all together
around her and were looking at
the blood under her finger-nails.
And inside her lips.
And He came and took us by the hand
and we went down and out on to the street.
And at the end of the street there were stairs and by way of the stairs
you would go down
inside the church.
From there again you would go up.
And another staircase, and more
people and we all wanted
to cross to the other side.
You could see the water from up above.
Then we said we should lie down
one on top of the other
on top of the other.
One on top of the other
until that fades too.
Don't go out.

From "With the People from the Bridge";
Poena Damni

The book exhibits a version of postmodern eclecticism,[16] alternating poetry with prose parts. Despite its postmodern affinities, it can be construed, however, in line with the High Modernist tradition setting aside the postmodern playfulness for a serious and earnest handling of subject.[15] The text develops in a series of intermittent monologues interspersed with biblical excerpts and the comments of the first-order narrator. The biblical elements together with vampiric and dystopian images[17] work in tandem, creating a sense of foreboding and entrapment.[6]Language is sparse and fragmentary, leaving enough loopholes to be completed by the reader[18] and making no explicit mention of its vampire-related theme in order to reveal its storyline in a gradual and minimalist manner.[19] Short declarative sentences are used to convey immediacy and facticity in the depiction of a grim world.[20] Allusions and a wealth of cultural references are conveyed through sparse and seemingly casual monologues[12] and which, at the same time, account for the text heading simultaneously at different directions.[21] On occasions, the monologues seems to be ungrammatical and on others the characters seem to be turning back on their words. There is an effect akin to stream of consciousness,[22] the text, however, develops in a linear way among the overlapping stories of the four protagonists. Ellipsis in narrative conjoined with simplicity of stage movement and the framework of a predominantly static performance, point to ritual as well as ritualistic theatre.

Structure

The work is structured in the form of an external-frame narrative by a first-order, unreliable narrator[23] (the narrator of Z213: Exit) who sets the stage for the development of the inside story. Within this master narrative, four hyponarratives by Narrator (internal/second-order), Chorus, LG and NCTV contribute fragments of the story from their own point of view. As different narratives within the play intertwine, new elements come to the foreground but there is also a sense in which each individual narration overlaps with the others creating an effect of multiple focalization.[24] The language of the text is simple and idiomatic while the syntax is occasionally disrupted by lacunae as well as incomplete sentences.[10] Partial fragmentation combines, however, with a more conventional (although most of the time elliptical) linguistic use for the purpose of bringing forward the storytelling-like character of the work.

Title

An earlier version of the text, similar in subject matter and structure but significantly different in content and style was published in 2001 in Greek and German[25] and in 2005 in English under the title Nyctivoe.[26] The term Nyctivoe, a rare ancient Greek adjective, appears in an incantation to the goddess of the moon[27] in Magical Papyri, a syncretic compilation of texts from the Hellenistic Period focusing on sorcery and folk religion.[28] In the previous version of the book, Nyctivoe is a proper name ascribed to the female character of the story, substituted in the new version by NCTV (the sequence of consonants in Nyctivoe).

The current title makes reference both to the setting where the events in the book are described to take place as well as to the bridge crossed by the crowd in the final part of the book. The bridge as the symbol of passage from the world of the living to the realm of the dead relates to the Chinvat bridge in the Zoroastrian religion.[10] Also, the bridge is a symbol of a non-place[29] relating to the name of the station(Nichtovo) the narrator of the book recalls to have arrived at. From a perspective of social commentary on contemporary events the title has been also interpreted to point to the "living bridge" of illegal immigrants seeking a Promised Land of plenty.[23]

Publication history and critical reception

With the People from the Bridge
1910323152-FrontCover.jpg
First English edition
Cover artistGudrun Bielz
Publication date
2014

The first edition of With the People from the Bridge had received a number of twenty-one unanimously positive international reviews until autumn 2018.[30] The book has been the subject of a considerable amount of scholarly criticism[31] and also appears in the course contents of various university curricula on postmodern fiction.[32] A second edition was published in October 2018 (ISBN 9781910323915).

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b "With the People from the Bridge by Dimitris Lyacos". 12 April 2015.
  2. ^ "With the People from the Bridge by Dimitris Lyacos. Review by John Howard". With the People from the Bridge. Review by John Howard. Wormwood. Issue 26, Spring 2016, Leyburn, North Yorkshire UK. (Print Edition).: 90.
  3. ^ a b "with_the_people_from_the_bridge". www.kissthewitch.co.uk.
  4. ^ Poena Damni, A Review Essay by Toti O'Brien. Ragazine Magazine, May 2019, Los Angeles. https://www.ragazine.cc/poena-damni-poetry-review/
  5. ^ thwack. "Cleaver Magazine - POENA DAMNI TRILOGY by Dimitris Lyacos reviewed by Justin Goodman".
  6. ^ a b ""Review of Dimitris Lyacos' With the people from the bridge" by Katie Bodendorfer Garner - Packingtown Review - A journal of literature and the arts". www.packingtownreview.com.
  7. ^ a b "Review for With The People From The Bridge - maudlinhouse". maudlinhouse.tumblr.com.
  8. ^ a b "With The People From The Bridge, by Dimitris Lyacos". Versal.
  9. ^ Flucht als Heiligenpassion. Review by Peter Oehle. Fixpoetry, July 2020.https://www.fixpoetry.com/feuilleton/kritik/dimitris-lyacos/poena-damni-lyrik-trilogie
  10. ^ a b c "Exercise Bowler Issue 21". exercisebowler.com.
  11. ^ Poena Damni, A Review Essay by Toti O'Brien. Ragazine Magazine, May 2019, Los Angeles. https://www.ragazine.cc/poena-damni-poetry-review/
  12. ^ a b c "Eucharist: Dimitris Lyacos's "With the People from the Bridge"". 7 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Exercise Bowler Issue 21". exercisebowler.com.
  14. ^ "With The People From The Bridge, by Dimitris Lyacos". Versal.
  15. ^ a b "From the Ruins of Europe: Lyacos's Debt-Riddled Greece". Tikkun.
  16. ^ "Artemis Michailidou".
  17. ^ A Review of the Trilogy by Talia Franks. Word for Sense, July 2020, Boston USA. https://word-for-sense.com/2020/07/10/book-review-poena-damni-trilogy-dimitris-lyacos-translation-shorsha-sullivan/
  18. ^ "Verse Wisconsin 106 - Review of Dimitris Lyacos". www.versewisconsin.org.
  19. ^ "Review of Dimitris Lyacos's With the People from the Bridge --Review by Editor Ada Fetters".
  20. ^ "The Ofi Press Magazine". The Ofi Press Magazine.
  21. ^ wdsrb. "dimitris lyacos - Web Del Sol Review of Books".
  22. ^ "With the people from the bridge by Dimitris Lyacos". cahoodaloodaling. 30 April 2015.
  23. ^ a b "Cha: An Asian Literary Journal - The Precarious Destitute: A Possible Commentary on the Lives of Unwanted Immigrants". www.asiancha.com.
  24. ^ "Jahn: PPP/Narratology". www.uni-koeln.de.
  25. ^ "Lyacos, Nyctivoe Libretto 5". ctl-presse.de.
  26. ^ "Poena Damni: Nyctivoe". shoestring-press.com.
  27. ^ Preisendanz, Karl; Henrichs, Albert (28 December 2018). Papyri Graecae Magicae. Die Griechischen Zauberpapyri. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783598742774 – via Google Books.
  28. ^ "Institute for the Classical Tradition - Boston University". bu.edu.
  29. ^ "Getting published in an art in itself- and we'll show you all how!". raysroadreview.com.
  30. ^ "With The People From The Bridge Reviews - Dimitris Lyacos". www.lyacos.net.
  31. ^ "A Column of Cloud and a Column-of-Fire: Dimitris Lyacos' Poena Damni, by Robert Zaller - Journal of Poetics Research". poeticsresearch.com.
  32. ^ "hec.gov.pk (pp. 187-188)" (PDF).
  33. ^ a b "Book Publisher - Poetry & Short Fiction Publisher - Bitter Oleander Press". Book Publisher, Poetry & Short Fiction Publisher - Bitter Oleander Press.
  34. ^ "Gulf Coast: A Journal of Literature and Fine Arts". gulfcoastmag.org.


External links


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