William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
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William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

William IV (William Alexander; French: Guillaume Alexandre; 22 April 1852 - 25 February 1912) reigned as the Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 17 November 1905 until his death. He succeeded his father, Adolphe.

William was a Protestant, the religion of the House of Nassau. He married Princess Marie Anne of Portugal, believing that a Roman Catholic country ought to have a Roman Catholic monarch. Thus his heirs have been Catholic.

At the death of his uncle, Prince Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, the only other legitimate male in the House of Nassau-Weilburg was William's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Count of Merenberg, the product of a morganatic marriage. So in 1907, William declared the Counts of Merenberg non-dynastic, naming his own eldest daughter Marie-Adélaïde (1894-1924) as heir presumptive to the grand ducal throne. She became Luxembourg's first reigning grand duchess upon her father's death in 1912, and upon her own abdication in 1919, was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte (1896-1985). Charlotte's descendants reign until the present day.

He was the last monarch of Luxembourg to die whilst still on the throne.

Marriage

On 21 June 1893 in Fischhorn Castle, Zell am See, he married Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal, daughter of the deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. The couple had six daughters:

Issue

Titles and honours

Titles

Although the duchy of Nassau was annexed by Prussia after the Austro-Prussian war of 1866, the title of Duke of Nassau was retained by William and his heirs.[4] This does not imply any sovereignty over Nassau.

  • 22 April 1852 - 23 November 1890: His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Nassau[5]
  • 23 November 1890 - 17 November 1905: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Hereditary Prince of Nassau[6]
  • 17 November 1905 - 25 February 1912: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau[6]

Honours

National

Foreign

Ancestry

Notes and references

  1. ^ Theroff, Paul. "Princely House of Schwarzenberg". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site).[self-published source][better source needed] []
  2. ^ Theroff, Paul. "Princely House of Thurn and Taxis". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site).[self-published source][better source needed] []
  3. ^ Theroff, Paul. "Royal House of Saxony". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site).[self-published source][better source needed] []
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha (1901), article "Luxembourg"
  5. ^ It was customary for a reigning Duke, his heir apparent, and their spouses to use the style of Highness.
  6. ^ a b It was customary for a reigning Grand Duke, his heir apparent, and their spouses to use the style of Royal Highness
  7. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für des Herzogtum Anhalt (1883), "Herzoglicher Haus-Orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 16
  8. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1896), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 62, 77
  10. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Bayern (1908), "Königliche Orden" p. 8
  11. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für das Jahr 1908. Braunschweig 1908. Meyer. p. 9
  12. ^ Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559-2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 288. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
  13. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 16
  14. ^ Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1905, p. 440, retrieved – via runeberg.org

External links

William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: 12 April 1852 Died: 25 February 1912
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Adolphe
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1905-1912
Succeeded by
Marie-Adélaïde

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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