Wik Mungkan Language
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Wik Mungkan Language

Native toAustralia
RegionCape York Peninsula, Queensland
EthnicityWik-Mungkan, Mimungkum
Native speakers
450 (2016 census)[1]
Language codes

Wik-Mungkan, or Wik-Mungknh, is a Paman language spoken on the northern part of Cape York Peninsula of Queensland, Australia, by around 1,650 Wik-Mungkan people, and related peoples including the Wikalkan, Wik-Ngathana, Wikngenchera language groups.[4] Wik Mungkan is healthier than most other languages on the peninsula, and is developing and absorbing other Aboriginal languages very quickly.

Dixon thought there was a Wik-Iiyanh dialect, but it turned out to be the same as the Wik-Iiyanh dialect of Kugu Nganhcara.[3]

The English language has borrowed at least one word from Wik-Mungkan, that for the taipan, a species of venomous snake native to the region.[5]

In 1962, Marie Godfrey and Barbara Sayers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) started linguistic and translation work in the Wik-Mungkan language in Aurukun. They began a dictionary file, and added to it over several years. Their work was continued and expanded by other SIL members, namely, Christine Kilham and Ann Eckert and was eventually published by SIL/AAB as the Dictionary and source book of the Wik-Mungkan language.[6] The dictionary has been published online by AuSIL as the Wik Mungkan-English Interactive Dictionary.[7]




Peripheral Laminal Apical Glottal
Labial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar
Stop p k c (ch) t? (th) t ? (')
Nasal m ? (ng) ? (ny) n? (nh) n
Lateral l
Rhotic r
Approximant w j (?)

/?/ does not appear frequently, only in some words. The same symbol for /r/ is used.[6]

External links


  1. ^ ABS. "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". stat.data.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wik-Mungkan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Y57 Wik-Mungkan at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  4. ^ "Wik-Mungkan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Sutton, Peter (1995). Wik-Ngathan Dictionary.
  6. ^ a b Kilham, Christine (1986). Dictionary and sourcebook of the Wik-Mungkan language.
  7. ^ http://ausil.org/Dictionary/Wik-Mungkan/lexicon/mainintro.htm

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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