White-winged Black Tit
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White-winged Black Tit

White-winged black tit
Melaniparus leucomelas.jpg
Nominate race in Ethiopia
Melaniparus leucomelas insignis, Cuanavale-rivier, Birding Weto Tours, a.jpg
M. l. subsp. insignis in Angola
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Melaniparus
Species:
M. leucomelas
Binomial name
Melaniparus leucomelas
(Rüppell, 1840)
Parus leucomelas distribution map.png
Map showing ranges of two races, respectively north and south of equator
Synonyms
  • Parus leucomelas

The white-winged black tit (Melaniparus leucomelas) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is also known as the white-winged tit, dark-eyed black tit or northern black tit.[2] The species was first described by Eduard Rüppell in 1840.

Description

It is mainly black with a white wing patch, but differs from the more northern white-shouldered tit (Melaniparus guineensis) with which it sometimes considered conspecific in that it has a dark eye.

Range and races

It is found in central Africa, from Angola in the west to Ethiopia in the east. There are two races:[3]

  • M. l. subsp. leucomelas Rüppell, 1840 - Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan
  • M. l. subsp. insignis Cabanis, 1880 - African equator to southern subtropics

Taxonomy

The white-winged black tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to Melaniparus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Parus leucomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2019). "Dark-eyed Black Tit (Melaniparus leucomelas)". In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  3. ^ "White-winged Black Tit (Parus leucomelas) - HBW 12, p. 731". Internet Bird Collection. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Johansson, U.S.; Ekman, J.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Halvarsson, P.; Ohlson, J.I.; Price, T.D.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2013). "A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69 (3): 852-860. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.019. PMID 23831453.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2016.

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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