West Bird's Head Languages
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West Bird's Head Languages
West Bird's Head
Geographic
distribution
West Papua
Linguistic classificationWest Papuan
  • West-Central Bird's Head
    • West Bird's Head
Glottologwest1493

West Bird's Head languages are a small family of poorly documented Papuan languages spoken on the Bird's Head Peninsula of New Guinea.

The West Bird's Head family is a well-defined family of six languages spoken at the western end of the Bird's Head Peninsula of New Guinea and the eastern part of the island of Salawati opposite the Bird's Head's western shore.

Language contact

West Bird's Head languages have been heavily influenced by Austronesian languages. Austronesian influence is evident in SVO word order (as opposed to SOV word order in most other Papuan language families), pronouns, numerals, and other typological features.[1]:625

Languages

Kuwani is attested only from a single word list, but is clearly distinct.[2]

Vocabulary comparison

The following basic vocabulary words are from Voorhoeve (1975),[3] as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database:[4]

gloss Kalabra Moi Moraid Seget Tehit
head safas sawa sawag sadus sam
hair sadin sagin sadie salas gen
eye sifoko suo sgolfun si tsifon
tooth tela efek et?la gifek -hek
leg terit telek ere cek ndeit
louse on sayam o? wut hain
dog houn ofun ?ou? awfu
pig beak baik mimula mon
bird kalen kelem kele klem klen
egg weko tolok begu niwi mesyen
blood hein sdam hijeg s?dam hon
bone kodus kodus kedoq n?dus honim
skin falak -kesik balg nensiek falek
tree kout ouk pelu bua molom
man nadele (ne) dala dli nanla naadla
sun pun dewe telu tale pun
water kala kala k?la kla sem
fire sal yak salp yap
stone amak kwak amp kuat amak
name nakadi kedi numhamone nomo kendim
eat atkaren wak nagrimi nate atni
one mere mele mer?h m?re mre
two lap ali telok ali la; lauh

References

  1. ^ Holton, Gary; Klamer, Marian (2018). "The Papuan languages of East Nusantara and the Bird's Head". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 569-640. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  2. ^ Voorhoeve, C.L. 1975. West Papuan Phylum languages on the mainland of New Guinea: Bird's Head (Vogelkop) Peninsula. Papuan Languages and the New Guinea Linguistic Scene, ed. by S.A. Wurm, 717-28. (Pacific Linguistics C-38). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  3. ^ Voorhoeve, C.L. Languages of Irian Jaya: Checklist. Preliminary classification, language maps, wordlists. B-31, iv + 133 pages. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1975. doi:10.15144/PL-B31
  4. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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