Wes Anderson
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Wes Anderson

Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson-20140206-85.jpg
Wes Anderson at the 64th Berlin Film Festival (2014)
Born
Wesley Wales Anderson

(1969-05-01) May 1, 1969 (age 50)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
ResidenceParis, France
Alma materUniversity of Texas at Austin
Occupation
Years active1992-present
Juman Malouf (2010-present)
Children1
RelativesEric Chase Anderson (brother)

Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American filmmaker. His films are known for their distinctive visual and narrative styles,[1] and he is regarded by some critics as a modern-day example of the auteur. Three of his films--The Royal Tenenbaums, Moonrise Kingdom, and The Grand Budapest Hotel--appeared in BBC's 2016 poll of the greatest films since 2000.[2]

Anderson was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for The Royal Tenenbaums in 2001, Moonrise Kingdom in 2012 and The Grand Budapest Hotel in 2014, as well as the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature for Fantastic Mr. Fox in 2009 and the stop-motion animated Isle of Dogs in 2018. He received his first Academy Award nomination for Best Director and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy for The Grand Budapest Hotel in 2014. He also received the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay in 2015. He currently runs the production company American Empirical Pictures, which he founded in 1998.[3] Anderson won the Silver Bear for Best Director for Isle of Dogs in 2018.[4]

Early life

Wesley Wales Anderson was born on May 1, 1969, in Houston, Texas. He is the son of Texas Ann (Burroughs), a realtor and archaeologist,[5] and Melver Leonard Anderson, who worked in advertising and public relations.[6][7][8][9][10] He is the second of three boys; his parents divorced when he was eight.[10] His older brother, Mel, is a physician, and his younger brother, Eric Chase Anderson, is a writer and artist whose paintings and designs have appeared in several of Anderson's films, such as The Royal Tenenbaums.[11] Anderson is of English, Swedish and Norwegian ancestry.[12]

He graduated from St. John's School in Houston in 1987, which he later used as a prominent location throughout Rushmore.[13] As a child, Anderson made silent films on his father's Super 8 camera and starred his brothers and friends, although his first ambition was to be a writer.[10][11] Anderson worked part-time as a cinema projectionist while attending the University of Texas at Austin, where he met future collaborator Owen Wilson.[10][14] He graduated in 1990 with a degree in philosophy.[11]

Film career

1996-2012

Anderson's first film was Bottle Rocket (1996), based on a short film that he made with Luke and Owen Wilson. It was a crime caper about a group of young Texans aspiring to achieve major heists. It was well reviewed but performed poorly at the box office.[15][16][17]

His next film was Rushmore (1998), a quirky comedy about a high school student's crush on an elementary school teacher starring Bill Murray and Jason Schwartzman. It was a critical success.[18] Murray has since appeared in every Anderson film to date. In 2000, filmmaker Martin Scorsese praised Bottle Rocket and Rushmore.[19]

The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) was Anderson's next comedy-drama film, about a successful artistic New York City family and its ostracized patriarch. It represented his greatest success until Moonrise Kingdom in 2012, earning more than $50 million in domestic box office receipts. The Royal Tenenbaums was nominated for an Academy Award and ranked by an Empire poll as the 159th greatest film ever made.[20]

Anderson in 2005

Anderson's next feature was The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) about a Jacques Cousteau-esque documentary filmmaker played by Bill Murray. It serves as a classic example of Anderson's style, but its critical reception was less favorable than his previous films, and its box office did not match the heights of The Royal Tenenbaums.[21] In September 2006, Steely Dan's Walter Becker and Donald Fagen released a tongue-in-cheek "letter of intervention" for Anderson's artistic "malaise" following the disappointing commercial and critical reception of The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, proclaiming themselves to be fans of "World Cinema" and of Anderson in particular. They offered Anderson their soundtrack services for his The Darjeeling Limited, including lyrics for a title track.[22]

The Darjeeling Limited (2007) was about three emotionally distant brothers traveling together on a train in India. It reflected the more dramatic tone of The Royal Tenenbaums but faced criticisms similar to The Life Aquatic. Anderson has acknowledged that he went to India to film the movie partly as a tribute to Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray, whose "films have also inspired all my other movies in different ways" (the film is dedicated to him).[23] The film starred Anderson staples Jason Schwartzman and Owen Wilson in addition to Adrien Brody, and the script was co-written by Anderson, Schwartzman, and Roman Coppola.[24]

In 2008, Anderson was hired to write the screenplay of the American adaptation of My Best Friend, a French film, for producer Brian Grazer; Anderson's first draft was titled "The Rosenthaler Suite".

Anderson's stop motion animation adaptation of the Roald Dahl book Fantastic Mr Fox was released in 2009. The film was highly praised and nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, although not earning much more than its production budget.

2012-present

Anderson, Koyu Rankin, Liev Schreiber, Jeff Goldblum, and Kunichi Nomura at the Isle of Dogs press conference at Berlinale 2018

Following the critical success of Fantastic Mr. Fox, Anderson made Moonrise Kingdom which opened at the Cannes Film Festival 2012.[25] The film was emblematic of Anderson's style, was a financial success, and earned Anderson another Academy Award nomination for his screenplay.

Anderson's next film, The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014), starred Ralph Fiennes, Jude Law, F. Murray Abraham, and Saoirse Ronan, along with several of his regular collaborators including Bill Murray, Owen Wilson, and Jason Schwartzman.[26] It is set in the 1930s and follows the adventures of M. Gustave, the hotel's concierge, making "a marvelous mockery of history, turning its horrors into a series of graceful jokes and mischievous gestures", according to The New York Times.[27] The film represented one of Anderson's greatest critical and commercial successes, grossing nearly $175 million worldwide and earning dozens of award nominations, including nine Oscar nominations with four wins.[28] These nominations also included his first for Best Director.

Anderson returned to stop motion animation with Isle of Dogs,.[29] Production on the film started in the United Kingdom in October 2016, and it was released in select theaters on March 23, 2018, and wide on April 6, 2018.[30][31][32] In August 2018, it was reported that Anderson was working on his next film, set in post-war France, and was set to begin filming at Angoulême, beginning in November 2018. The film stars Bill Murray, Frances McDormand, Owen Wilson, Willem Dafoe, Adrien Brody, and Timothée Chalamet.[33][34][35]

Anderson has also created several notable short films. In addition to the original Bottle Rocket short, he made the Paris-set Hotel Chevalier (2007), which was created as a prologue to The Darjeeling Limited and starred Jason Schwartzman alongside Natalie Portman, and the Italy-set Castello Cavalcanti (2013),[36] which was produced by Prada and starred Jason Schwartzman as an unsuccessful race-car driver. Additionally, he has directed a number of television commercials for companies such as Stella Artois and Prada, including an elaborate American Express ad, in which he starred as himself.[37]

Directing techniques

Anderson's cinematic influences include François Truffaut, Louis Malle, Pedro Almodóvar,[38]Satyajit Ray,[39]John Huston, Mike Nichols, Hal Ashby,[40]Stanley Kubrick, Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese, Orson Welles, and Roman Polanski.[41] Anderson has a unique directorial style that has led several critics to consider him an auteur.[42][43][44][45]

Themes and stories

Anderson has chosen to direct mostly fast-paced comedies marked by more serious or melancholic elements, with themes often centered on grief, loss of innocence, dysfunctional families, parental abandonment, adultery, sibling rivalry and unlikely friendships. His movies have been noted for being unusually character-driven, and by turns both derided and praised with terms like "literary geek chic". The plots of his movies often feature thefts and unexpected disappearances, with a tendency to borrow liberally from the caper genre.[46]

Visual style

Anderson has been noted for his extensive use of flat space camera moves, obsessively symmetrical compositions, knolling, snap-zooms, slow-motion walking shots, a deliberately limited color palette, and hand-made art direction often utilizing miniatures.[47] These stylistic choices give his movies a highly distinctive quality that has provoked much discussion, critical study, supercuts, and mash-ups, and even parody. Many writers, critics, and even Anderson himself, have commented that this gives his movies the feel of being "self-contained worlds", or a "scale model household".[48] According to Jesse Fox Mayshark, his films have "a baroque pop bent that is not realist, surrealist or magic realist", but rather might be described as "fabul[ist]".[49] In 2019, the company Murals Wallpaper from the UK launched a line of wallpapers inspired by the visual design of Anderson's films.[50]

From The Life Aquatic on, Anderson has relied more heavily on stop motion animation and miniatures, even making entire features with stop motion animation with Fantastic Mr. Fox and Isle of Dogs.[51]

Soundtracks

Anderson frequently uses pop music from the 1960s and '70s on the soundtracks of his films, and one band or musician tends to dominate each soundtrack. In Rushmore, Cat Stevens and British Invasion groups featured prominently, The Royal Tenenbaums included songs recorded by Nico, The Life Aquatic was replete with David Bowie including both originals and covers performed by Seu Jorge, The Kinks appeared on the soundtrack for The Darjeeling Limited and Rushmore, The Beach Boys in Fantastic Mr. Fox, and Hank Williams for Moonrise Kingdom. (Much of Moonrise Kingdom is filled with the music of Benjamin Britten, which is tied to a number of major plot points for that film.)[52] Darjeeling limited was also borrowing music styles from Satyajit Ray's films. The Grand Budapest Hotel, which is mostly set in the 1930s, is notable for being the first Anderson film to eschew using any pop music, and instead used original music composed by Alexandre Desplat. Its soundtrack won Desplat the Academy Award for Best Original Score, the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music and World Soundtrack Award for Best Original Score of the Year. The soundtracks for his films have often brought renewed attention to the artists featured, most prominently in the case of "These Days", which was used in The Royal Tenenbaums.[53]

Personal life

Anderson is in a relationship with Lebanese writer, costume designer and voice actress Juman Malouf.[54][55] Malouf gave birth to the couple's daughter, Freya, in 2016. She is named after a character from the film The Mortal Storm.[56][57][58]

Anderson lives in Paris but has spent the majority of his adult life in New York.[59][60][61] He is the brother of artist Eric Chase Anderson, who illustrated the Criterion Collection releases of Anderson's films (except for Moonrise Kingdom) and provided the voice of Kristofferson Silverfox in Fantastic Mr. Fox.[62]

Filmography

Feature films

Filmmaking credits

Year Title Director Producer Writer Notes
1996 Bottle Rocket Yes Yes Co-written with Owen Wilson
1998 Rushmore Yes Yes Yes
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Yes Yes Yes
2004 The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Noah Baumbach
2005 The Squid and the Whale Yes
2007 The Darjeeling Limited Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Roman Coppola and Jason Schwartzman
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson and Noah Baumbach
Based on the novel of the same name by Roald Dahl
2012 Moonrise Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Roman Coppola
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson
Story by Anderson and Hugo Guinness
She's Funny That Way Executive
2017 Escapes Executive
2018 Isle of Dogs Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson
Story by Anderson, Roman Coppola, Jason Schwartzman and Kunichi Nomura
2020 The French Dispatch Yes Yes Yes

Acting credits

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Bottle Rocket Passenger on Bus Uncredited cameo
1998 Rushmore Student
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Tennis Match Commentator
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Stan Weasel Voice role
2016 Sing Daniel Voice cameo

Reception

Critical, public and commercial reception to Anderson's directorial features as of 4 February 2019.

Year Film Rotten Tomatoes[63] Metacritic[64] Budget Box office[65]
1996 Bottle Rocket 85% (6.8/10 average rating) (66 reviews) 66 (24 reviews) $7 million $560 thousand
1998 Rushmore 89% (8.1/10 average rating) (103 reviews) 86 (32 reviews) $9 million $17.1 million
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums 80% (7.5/10 average rating) (207 reviews) 76 (34 reviews) $21 million $71.4 million
2004 The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou 56% (6.1/10 average rating) (206 reviews) 62 (38 reviews) $50 million $34.8 million
2007 The Darjeeling Limited 69% (6.6/10 average rating) (189 reviews) 67 (35 reviews) $16 million $35 million
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox 92% (7.9/10 average rating) (231 reviews) 83 (34 reviews) $40 million $46.5 million
2012 Moonrise Kingdom 93% (8.2/10 average rating) (244 reviews) 84 (43 reviews) $16 million $68.3 million
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel 91% (8.4/10 average rating) (287 reviews) 88 (48 reviews) $25 million $174.8 million
2018 Isle of Dogs 90% (8/10 average rating) (315 reviews) 82 (55 reviews) n/a $64.2 million
2020 The French Dispatch

Short films

Year Title Director Writer Notes
1994 Bottle Rocket Yes Yes Co-written with Owen Wilson; shot in 1992, released in 1994.
2007 Hotel Chevalier Yes Yes Prologue to The Darjeeling Limited, starring Natalie Portman and Jason Schwartzman.
2012 Do You Like to Read? Yes Yes Promote Moonrise Kingdom, starring Bob Balaban.
Cousin Ben Troop Screening with Jason Schwartzman Yes Yes Promote Moonrise Kingdom, starring Jason Schwartzman.

Commercials

Year Title Director Writer Notes
2004 American Express: My Life, My Card Yes Yes Starring Anderson as himself as he directs an elaborate fake film featuring Jason Schwartzman.[66]
2008 Softbank Yes Japanese commercial, filmed in France, starring Brad Pitt.
2010 Stella Artois: Apartomatic Yes Created for Stella Artois, co-directed with Roman Coppola.
2012 Made of Imagination Yes Created for Sony Xperia
2013 Prada: Candy Yes Created for Prada, starring Léa Seydoux, co-directed with Roman Coppola.
Castello Cavalcanti Yes Yes Created for Prada, starring Jason Schwartzman.
2016 Come Together: A Fashion Picture in Motion Yes Yes Created for H&M, starring Adrien Brody.

Recurring collaborators

Anderson's films feature many recurring actors, crew members, and other collaborators, including the Wilson brothers (Owen, Luke, and Andrew), Bill Murray,[67]Willem Dafoe, Jeff Goldblum, Edward Norton, Seymour Cassel, Anjelica Huston, Jason Schwartzman, Kumar Pallana and son Dipak Pallana, Stephen Dignan and Brian Tenenbaum, and Eric Chase Anderson (Anderson's brother). Other frequent collaborators include writer Noah Baumbach (who co-wrote The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou and Fantastic Mr. Fox, with Anderson co-producing his film The Squid and the Whale), Roman Coppola (as co-writer and second unit director), Owen Wilson (who co-wrote three of Anderson's feature films), cinematographer Robert Yeoman (A.S.C.), music supervisor Randall Poster, and composers Mark Mothersbaugh and Alexandre Desplat.

Awards and nominations

Academy Awards

Year Category Film Result
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Best Original Screenplay[71] Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Feature Nominated
2012 Moonrise Kingdom Best Original Screenplay[72] Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Best Picture[73] Nominated
Best Director[73] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay[73] Nominated
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Feature Nominated

BAFTA Awards

Year Category Film Result
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Best Original Screenplay[74] Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Film Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Best Direction Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Film Nominated

Golden Globe Awards

Year Category Film Result
2005 The Squid and the Whale Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Feature Nominated
2012 Moonrise Kingdom[75] Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Won
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Feature Film Nominated

Other awards

Year Award Category Film Result
1996 MTV Movie Award Best New Filmmaker Bottle Rocket Won
Lone Star Film & Television Award Debut of the Year Won
1998 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award New Generation Award Bottle Rocket & Rushmore Won
1999 Lone Star Film & Television Award Best Director Rushmore Won
Best Writer Won
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Screenplay Won
Independent Spirit Award Best Director Won
2001 New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay[76] The Royal Tenenbaums Won
2002 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay[77] Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay[78] Nominated
Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay[79] Nominated
2003 Bodil Award Best American Film Nominated
DVD Premiere Award Best Audio Commentary Nominated
2005 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou Nominated
Golden Satellite Award Best Screenplay Nominated
2006 Independent Spirit Award Best Feature The Squid and the Whale Nominated
2007 Gijón International Film Festival Award Best Feature The Darjeeling Limited Nominated
Venice International Film Festival Award Golden Lion Nominated
Little Golden Lion Won
2008 Bodil Award Best American Film Nominated
2009 National Society of Film Critics Award Special Achievement Award Fantastic Mr. Fox Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay Won
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Won
2010 Annie Award Best Writing in a Feature Production Won
Directing in a Feature Production Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Nominated
National Board of Review of Motion Pictures Award Special Achievement Award for Best Film Nominated
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Director Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Director Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
Producers Guild of America Award Best Animated Theatrical Motion Picture Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Original Screenplay Won
2012 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Moonrise Kingdom Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Original Screenplay Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay[80] Nominated
Independent Spirit Award Best Director[81] Nominated
Best Screenplay[81] Nominated
2014 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear The Grand Budapest Hotel Nominated
Jury Grand Prix (Silver Bear)[82] Won
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[83] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
David di Donatello David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Won
Detroit Film Critics Society Awards Best Director[84] Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
Dublin Film Critics' Circle Awards Best Director[85] Nominated
Florida Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director[86] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
Indiana Film Journalists Association Awards Best Original Screenplay Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[87] Runner-up
Best Screenplay Won
New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay[88] Won
Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
San Diego Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Best Original Screenplay[89] Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards Best Director 2nd Place
Best Original Screenplay Won
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards Best Original Screenplay[90] Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award[91] Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[92] Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
2015 Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Runner-up
Best Original Screenplay Runner-up
Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards Best Picture Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Best Comedy Won
4th AACTA International Awards Best Direction Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
Denver Film Critics Society Best Original Screenplay Nominated
67th Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directing - Feature Film Nominated
Georgia Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
London Film Critics' Awards Director of the Year Nominated
Screenwriter of the Year Won
Location Managers Guild Awards Outstanding Locations in Period Film Won
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Screenplay Won
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Best Original Screenplay Won
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
67th Writers Guild of America Awards Best Original Screenplay Won
2016 Location Managers Guild Awards Eva Monley Award Self Won
2018 Berlin International Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Director Isle of Dogs Won
SXSW Film Festival Audience Awards Headliners Won

Further reading

  • Seitz, Matt Zoller (2013). The Wes Anderson Collection. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0-8109-9741-7.
  • Browning, Mark (2011). Wes Anderson: why his movies matter. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger. ISBN 978-1-59884-352-1.
  • "Special Issue: Wes Anderson & Co". New Review of Film and Television Studies. 10 (1). 2012. ISSN 1740-0309.
  • MacDowell, James (2010). "Notes on Quirky" (PDF). Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism. Warwick University (1).
  • Kunze, Peter C., ed. (2014). The films of Wes Anderson: Critical essays on an Indiewood icon. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-349-48692-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

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Bibliography

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