Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture
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Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture
Wenshan Prefecture

  (Chinese)
Vwnzsanh Couh  (Zhuang)
Wenx Shangb Zheub  (Hmong)
Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Vwnzsanh Bouxcuengh Myauzcuz Swcicouh
Location of Wenshan Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Wenshan Prefecture in Yunnan
Coordinates (Wenshan Prefecture government): 23°24?N 104°13?E / 23.40°N 104.22°E / 23.40; 104.22Coordinates: 23°24?N 104°13?E / 23.40°N 104.22°E / 23.40; 104.22
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
GB/T 2260 CODE[1]532600
Admin HQWenshan
Admin units
Area
 o Total31,409.12 km2 (12,127.13 sq mi)
Elevation
1,263 m (4,144 ft)
Population
(2010)
 o Total3,517,941
 o Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
663000[2]
Area code(s)0876[2]
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-26
Licence plate prefixes?H
Websitewww.ynws.gov.cn
1Yunnan Statistics Bureau [1]
2Yunnan Portal [2]
Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Zhuang name
ZhuangVwnzsanh Bouxcuengh Myauzcuz Swcicouh
West Hmongic name
West HmongicWenx Shangb Langs Hmongb Zif Zhif Zheub

Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in Southeastern Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China and the easternmost prefecture-level division of the province. It borders Baise, Guangxi to the east, Vietnam's Hà Giang Province to the south for 438 kilometres (272 mi), Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture to the west and Qujing to the north.

Subdivisions

Map including Wenshan (labeled as WEN-SHAN (KAIHWA) (Walled) ) (AMS, 1954)
Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km2) Density(/km2)
Wenshan City Wénsh?n Shì 481,504 3,064 157
Yanshan County Yànsh?n Xiàn 463,264 3,888 119
Xichou County X?chóu Xiàn 255,286 1,545 165
Malipo County ? Málìp? Xiàn 277,960 2,395 116
Maguan County M?gu?n Xiàn 367,507 2,755 133
Qiubei County Qi?b?i Xiàn 477,441 5,150 93
Guangnan County Gu?ngnán Xiàn 787,449 7,983 99
Funing County Fùníng Xiàn 407,530 5,459 75

Ethnic groups

Wenshan is highly diverse. According to a local saying, "Han and Hui live by the market, Zhuang and Dai live by the water, Miao and Yi live on the mountains, and Yao live among the bamboos." (,,,)

Some of Wenshan's ethnic groups include:

Yunnan (1979)[6] lists Jiazhou (pop. 475), Longjiang (pop. 54), Tusi (pop. 134), and Bendi (pop. 7) as Zhuang subgroups of unknown linguistic affiliation.

Yi

The Wenshan Prefecture Gazetteer (?) (2000) and the Wenshan Prefecture Ethnic Gazetteer (?) (2005) list the following Yi ethnic subdivisions in Wenshan Prefecture.

  • Luo (?)
    • White Lolo () (autonyms: Suodu , Luoluobu , Xiqima , Gaisipo )
      • Mokong () (Gaokujiao Luo ?) of Funing and Guangnan counties
      • Mudai () of Funing and Napo counties
    • Black Lolo () (autonyms: Nuosupo , Luoluopo ): in Qiubei, Yanshan, and Wenshan counties
    • Flowery Lolo () (autonyms: Hanluowu , Luwu , Niesu ): in Funing, Guangnan, Malipo, Xichou, Maguan, and Yanshan counties
  • Pu (?)
    • Black Phula () (autonym: Azha )
    • White Phula () (autonym: Zuoke )
    • Flowery Phula () (autonym: Abo )
  • Sani () (autonym: Sanipo ): in Qiubei County
  • Awu () (autonym: Awu ; exonyms: Mengwu , Awu , Mengwu , Mengzu )
    • Lai (?) (autonym; a branch of the Awu , also called Mengwu ):[7] in Xisa , Xichou; Daping and Nanwenhe ? of Malipo
  • Gepu () (autonyms: Gepo , Alingpo ; exonyms: Geluoluo/duo /?, Adu , Aga ): in Tiechang and Donggan townships of Malipo County[7]
  • Axi (): in Wenshan, Yanshan, and Qiubei counties[7]
  • Lalu () (Lalupu ; exonym: Xiangtang ): in Nanping [7]

Yao

The Wenshan Prefecture Gazetteer (?) (2000) lists the following Yao ethnic subdivisions in Wenshan Prefecture.

  • Men (?) or Jinmen () (exonym: Landian Yao )
  • Mengmian () or Youmian () (exonyms: Daban Yao , Jiao Yao )
  • Xiu (?) or Ya (?) (exonyms: Shan Yao , Guoshan Yao ): in Longmen () and Longshao () of Funing County, and in Tiechang (), Jinchang (), and other locations of Malipo County

Gelao

The Wenshan Prefecture Gazetteer ? (2000) lists the following Gelao ethnic subdivisions in Wenshan Prefecture. The Gelao of Wenshan are also locally known as the Laobazi or Bazi .

  • White Gelao ()
  • Green Gelao ()
  • Red Gelao ()
  • Flowery Gelao () (also known as the Wai Gelao () or Pipao Gelao (?))

History

Neolithic painting at the 'Great King' painting site above Malipo.

The prefecture has been inhabited for at least 4000 years, as evidenced by surviving neolithic rock art in Malipo County. The seat of Guangnan, known today as Liancheng (), was the heart of the Gouding Kingdom () that lasted approximately 400 years, from 111 BC to 316 AD.

Transportation

References

  1. ^ >> . National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b Area Code and Postal Code in Yunnan Province
  3. ^ Kaup, Katherine Palmer. Creating the Zhuang: Ethnic Politics in China. Boulder, CO: L. Rienner, 2000.
  4. ^ a b c d Johnson, Eric C. 2011. "A Lexical and Phonological Comparison of the Central Taic Languages of Wenshan Prefecture, China: Getting More Out of Language Survey Wordlists Than Just Lexical Similarity Percentages." SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-005: 170.
  5. ^ Castro, Andy & Gu Chawen. 2010. "Phonological innovation among Hmong dialects of Wenshan." Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (JSEALS) 3.1:1-39.
  6. ^ [Yunnan Minority Recognition Comprehensive Group] (1979). (1960?). Kunming: [Yunnan Nationalities Research Institute Press].
  7. ^ a b c d Wenshan Prefecture Ethnic Gazetteer (?) (2005)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Wenshan_Zhuang_and_Miao_Autonomous_Prefecture
 



 



 
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