W (New York City Subway Service)
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W New York City Subway Service

"W" train symbol
Broadway Local
W train Union Square (1).jpg
A W train of R160s arriving at 14th Street-Union Square
Map of the "W" train
Note: Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to Gravesend-86th Street.
Northern endAstoria-Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end
Stations23
44 (limited service)
Rolling stock(N/W shared) 24 R68s (3 trains)
8 R68As (1 train)
290 R160A/Bs (29 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
DepotConey Island Yard
Started serviceJuly 22, 2001; 17 years ago (2001-07-22)
DiscontinuedJune 25, 2010; 8 years ago (2010-06-25)
ReinstatedNovember 7, 2016; 2 years ago (2016-11-07)

The W Broadway Local[2] is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[3]

The W operates weekdays only except late nights between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens and South Ferry/Whitehall Street in Lower Manhattan, making local stops along its entire route; limited rush hour service is extended beyond Whitehall Street to and from 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn, making local stops in Brooklyn.[4] The W is internally staffed and scheduled as part of the N.[5][6][7]

Introduced on July 22, 2001, the W ran at all times on the BMT West End Line and BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn to Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue. It was truncated in 2004 to its current service pattern until June 25, 2010, when it was eliminated due to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA)'s financial crisis. The route was later reinstated on November 7, 2016, using its original emblem and 2004-2010 routing, as part of the updated service pattern related to the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[6][8][9][10][11]

Service history

Context

Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard-bound W train of R68s leaving 39th Avenue
A W train of R68As leaving Broadway

The W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street in Manhattan. This service was essentially a variant of the N route, which in the 1970s and 1980s ran express on the Broadway Line between Forest Hills-71st Avenue in Queens and Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue in Brooklyn. At the time, some trains ran local on Broadway and only traveled between Forest Hills and Whitehall Street. However, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge's subway tracks between 1986 and 2004 forced the N, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and via the bridge, to run local via the Montague Street Tunnel. This service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned. The W bullet appeared on roll signs as a yellow diamond bullet, but on the R68s and R68As, round bullet signs were installed. The W also appeared on the digital signs of the R44s and R46s with any route and destination combination that could be used for the Broadway Line.[12]

The W label was first used in 2001, when the two tracks on the Manhattan Bridge's northern side, which connected to the IND Sixth Avenue Line, were closed for repairs. This required the suspension of Sixth Avenue B service south of 34th Street-Herald Square as it used those tracks to travel to and from Brooklyn.[13] The W service replaced the B on the BMT West End Line and BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn, ran on the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan and BMT Astoria Line in Queens. It replicated the route of the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT)'s old 3 route, later named the T, that operated from 1916 until 1967, when the B replaced it. The W also replicated the split in B service from 1986 to 1988, when the bridge's north tracks were first closed, although both halves of the route were labeled B.[14][15][16]

2001-2004

W service began on July 22, 2001, operating between Coney Island and Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard, Queens via the West End Local and Fourth Avenue Express in Brooklyn; the Manhattan Bridge south tracks; Broadway Express (switching to the local tracks to serve 49th Street) in Manhattan; and the 60th Street Tunnel and BMT Astoria Line in Queens. The W ran express on the Astoria Line during rush hours in the peak direction until 9:30 PM, and local at all other times.[17] Evening service terminated at 57th Street-Seventh Avenue in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), while late night and weekend evening service operated as a shuttle within Brooklyn only, terminating at 36th Street during late nights and Atlantic Avenue-Pacific Street on weekends.[18]

After September 11, 2001, all Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended due to extensive damage caused by the Collapse of the World Trade Center. As a result, the entire N route was suspended, and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections: between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street, skipping 49th Street in the northbound direction, and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both routes resumed on October 28, 2001.[19]

The Astoria express service was discontinued on January 15, 2002. because it was unpopular among Astoria residents. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.[20]

On September 8, 2002, W service was extended to Astoria during late nights and weekends, running fully local via the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines and Montague Street Tunnel. This was because ongoing reconstruction of the Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue terminal left the W as the only train serving it.[12][21][22] This change also gave the West End Line late-night service to Manhattan for the first time.

2004-2010

When the Manhattan Bridge's north tracks were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was curtailed to its current service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street-South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line.[12][23][24][25][26][27]W service between Manhattan and Queens remained, because of increasing ridership on the BMT Astoria Line.[28] The first three W trains of the day entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and BMT Sea Beach lines.[29] On July 27, 2008, the W was extended to run until 11:00 p.m in response to growth in the subway system's ridership.[30][31][32]

On March 24, 2010, the MTA announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls. In its place, on weekdays, the N train ran local north of Canal Street while the Q train was extended from 57th Street-Seventh Avenue to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard, running local north of 34th Street-Herald Square. The W ceased operation on Friday, June 25, 2010 with the last train bound for Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street-South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.[12][33]

2016 restoration

In July 2015, the MTA announced it was considering restoring the W in its 2004-2010 service pattern once the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opened, which would reroute the Q from the Astoria Line to 96th Street on Manhattan's Upper East Side. The W would replace the Q on the Astoria Line to maintain two services there weekdays.[34]

On May 23, 2016, the MTA announced it would restore the W.[35] Service was restored on November 7, 2016, running between 7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.[6] The Q was temporarily cut back to 57th Street-Seventh Avenue, allowing for a seamless extension to the Second Avenue Line, which opened on January 1, 2017.[36][8][9][10] Additionally, the N train again ran express in Manhattan on weekdays from 34th Street-Herald Square to Canal Street. The W's restoration meant there would be 20 fewer trips to/from Astoria per weekday as the W ran for a shorter time span each day than the Q did;[37] In June 2018, the MTA added service between 6:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m., and between 11:00 p.m. and midnight in response to overcrowded N trains during those hours.[38]

As the N and W share the same fleet from the Coney Island Yard, a small number of W trains originate/terminate at 86th Street throughout the day.[39][40] These trains operate via the Montague Street Tunnel and local along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT Sea Beach Line as they did prior to 2010.

Route

Service pattern

The following table shows the lines used by the W, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[41]

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service not noted on map)
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
W service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and notes
Queens
Astoria Line
Stops weekdays only Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard
Stops weekdays only Astoria Boulevard M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops weekdays only 30th Avenue
Station closed Broadway Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until February 2019.
Stops weekdays only 36th Avenue
Station closed 39th Avenue Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until February 2019.
Stops weekdays only Queensboro Plaza
​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
Stops weekdays only Lexington Avenue/59th Street ​ ​
​ ​ (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops weekdays only Fifth Avenue-59th Street ​ ​
Stops weekdays only 57th Street-Seventh Avenue Elevator access to mezzanine only ​ ​ ​
Stops weekdays only 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↑ ​ ​ Station is accessible in the northbound direction only.
Stops weekdays only Times Square-42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​ ​
​ ​ (IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line)
​ (IRT Flushing Line)
(42nd Street Shuttle)
​ ​ (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops weekdays only 34th Street-Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops weekdays only 28th Street
Stops weekdays only 23rd Street M23 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only 14th Street-Union Square Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​ ​
(BMT Canarsie Line)
​ ​ (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only Eighth Street-New York University
Stops weekdays only Prince Street
Stops weekdays only Canal Street Elevator access to mezzanine only ​ ​ ​
(IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
​ (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Some northbound rush hour trips begin at this station.
Stops weekdays only City Hall
Stops weekdays only Cortlandt Street Handicapped/disabled access
​ (IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
​ (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
(IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops weekdays only Rector Street
Stops weekdays only Whitehall Street-South Ferry Elevator access to mezzanine only
(IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line)
M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Montague Street Branch (Limited rush hour service only to/from Gravesend-86th Street)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Court Street Elevator access to mezzanine only
​ (IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
​ (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Jay Street-MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access
​ (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​ ​
Fourth Avenue Line
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Atlantic Avenue-Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access
​ (BMT Brighton Line)
​ ​ ​ (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Union Street
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Ninth Street
​ (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Prospect Avenue
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 25th Street
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 36th Street
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 45th Street ​ ​
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 53rd Street ​ ​
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 59th Street/Fourth Avenue ​ ​
Sea Beach Line
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Eighth Avenue
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Fort Hamilton Parkway 86th Street-bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until spring 2019.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) New Utrecht Avenue
(BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
86th Street-bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until spring 2019.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 18th Avenue 86th Street-bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until spring 2019.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 20th Avenue 86th Street-bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until spring 2019.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Bay Parkway
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Kings Highway B82 Select Bus Service
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Avenue U
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 86th Street

References

  1. ^ https://erausa.org/pdf/bulletin/2018-07-bulletin.pdf
  2. ^ "W Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". New York Times. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Spivack, Caroline (January 10, 2017). "W-w-what!? W trains mysteriously appearing in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "BMT-IND Car Assignments - Nov 6, 2016". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "GENERAL DISTRIBUTION - SUB-DIVISION B - TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR - ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. July 29, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "1979 Subway Map Service Guide". railfanwindow.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1979. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ a b * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ a b Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ a b Martinez, Jose (February 19, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News NY1. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Lam, Katherine (October 23, 2016). "MTA flyers spotted for W train's return in November". PIX11. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "New Subway Routes Take Effect Today". New York Times. July 22, 2001. Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ "NYC Transit Subway Schedules". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 11, 2001. Archived from the original on November 11, 2001. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "Manhattan Bridge Service Changes B D Q Q W July 22, 2001 until 2004". Thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. 2001. Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "W Line Service Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2002. Archived from the original on July 28, 2002. Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved 2010.
  22. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. Fall 2003. Archived from the original on December 4, 2003. Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "February 2004 Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on March 26, 2004. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ "More Service on the Manhattan Bridge B D M N Q R W New Subway Service! February 22, 2004". The JoeKorNer. New York City Transit. 2003. Retrieved 2010.
  25. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ "Expanded Subway Service Starts Sunday Four-Track Manhattan Bridge Service Returns Bringing Route Changes, Increased Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2004. Archived from the original on April 14, 2004. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
  30. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. November 25, 2009. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved 2016.
  31. ^ Compare:
    • "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2008. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved 2016. (W service ends at 9 PM)
    • (W service ends at 11 PM)
  32. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Service Adjustments on BMW Lines". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 24, 2008. Retrieved 2016.
  33. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ "MTA considers bringing back W train from Astoria to lower Manhattan". amNewYork. July 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  35. ^ Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E.; Wolfe, Jonathan; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Palmer, Emily; Remnick, Noah (January 1, 2017). "Opening of Second Avenue Subway: Updates". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ Evelly, Jeanmarie. "W Train Rollout Will Mean Fewer Trains Per Day in Astoria, MTA Says". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on November 6, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  38. ^ Murray, Christian. "MTA to Increase Weekend Service on 7 train Starting June 2018 to Meet Increased Demand". Sunnyside Post. Retrieved 2018.
  39. ^ "W Line Returns to Queens". mta.info. Retrieved 2016.
  40. ^ Spivack, Caroline (January 10, 2017). "W-w-what!? W trains mysteriously appearing in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Daily. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

W_(New_York_City_Subway_service)
 



 



 
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