WSB (AM)
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WSB AM
WSB
Wsblogo.png
CityAtlanta, Georgia
Broadcast areaAtlanta metropolitan area
Frequency750 kHz
Branding95.5 WSB
SloganAtlanta's News and Talk
Programming
FormatTalk radio
AffiliationsPremiere Networks
Westwood One Network
ABC News Radio
Fox News Radio
Georgia Bulldogs (IMG Sports Network)
Ownership
OwnerCox Media Group
(Cox Radio, LLC)
WALR-FM, WSBB-FM, WSB-FM, WSRV, WSB-TV
History
First air date
March 15, 1922 (1922-03-15)
Former frequencies
833 kHz (1922)
619 kHz (1922–23)
750 kHz (1923)
700 kHz (1923–27)
630 kHz (1927–28)
740 kHz (1928–40)
Call sign meaning
Randomly assigned; the slogan "Welcome South, Brother" was retroactively adopted
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID73977
ClassA
Power50,000 watts
Transmitter coordinates
33°50?38?N 84°15?12?W / 33.84389°N 84.25333°W / 33.84389; -84.25333
Repeater(s)95.5WSBB-FM (Doraville)
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Webcast
Websitewsbradio.com

WSB (750 kHz "95.5 WSB") is a commercial AM radio station in Atlanta, Georgia. It airs a news/talk radio format, simulcast on co-owned 95.5 WSBB-FM. WSB is the flagship station for Cox Media Group; in addition to WSB and WSBB-FM, it owns three other Atlanta radio stations and Atlanta's ABC Television Network affiliate, Channel 2 WSB-TV. From 1939 to 2019, WSB was owned by Cox Enterprises along with the Atlanta Journal-Constitution daily newspaper; the station had been established by the Journal in 1922. The station's studios and offices are located at the WSB Television and Radio Group building on West Peachtree Street in Midtown Atlanta, which is shared with its television and radio partners.

WSB transmits with 50,000 watts of nondirectional power, the highest permitted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for commercial AM stations. WSB is a clear-channel Class A station. The transmitter and radiating tower are located 7 miles (11 kilometers) northeast of Atlanta at the Northlake Tower Festival Shopping Center off Lavista Road in Tucker, Georgia. Its daytime coverage area is not as large as 50,000-watt AM stations in other parts of the country due to Georgia's poor ground conductivity. A number of outer Atlanta suburbs (Gainesville, Newnan, Griffin) only receive a grade B signal. Even so, it still provides at least secondary coverage well into the North Georgia mountains, and as far south as Macon. At night, when radio waves travel farther, WSB can be heard around the Southeast and some distance into the East Coast and Midwestern United States with a good radio. Although WSB is licensed to make HD Radio digital transmissions, it is not currently doing so, apparently due to listener complaints of RF interference.[1]

History

March 15, 1922 telegram authorizing WSB to immediately begin "news, entertainment and such matter" broadcasts on 360 meters (833 kHz) and weather reports on 485 meters (619 kHz)[2]

WSB was one of the first radio stations in the South.[3] In early 1922, there was tremendous public interest in the then-new technology of radio broadcasting. On December 1, 1921, the U.S. Department of Commerce, in charge of radio at the time, adopted a regulation formally establishing a broadcasting station category, which set aside the wavelength of 360 meters (833 kHz) for entertainment broadcasts, and 485 meters (619 kHz) for market and weather reports.[4] By the end of the year, the number of authorized stations exceeded 500.

In many communities, a race broke out to see who would be the first to get a station on the air. In Atlanta, the primary contenders were the two major newspapers, the Atlanta Journal and the Atlanta Constitution.[5] The Journal established a makeshift studio on the fifth floor of its building at 7 Forsyth Street. A transmitter had been ordered, but facing a delay the newspaper arranged for the equipment used by Gordon Heidt for his amateur station to be temporarily installed. A broadcasting license was normally needed before a station could go on the air, but it was arranged to have an initial telegraphed authorization, which was sent by the Department of Commerce on the evening of March 15. The station's debut broadcast took place that evening.[6][7]

The Journal's new station was issued the randomly assigned call sign WSB.[8] Station management would say the call letters stood for Welcome South, Brother, even though the Journal did not specifically request those call letters.[9] The Constitution's station, WGM, debuted two days later on March 17. Because it also was transmitting on 360 meters, the two newspapers had to set up a time sharing agreement allocating broadcast hours. Competition was so fierce between the two that WSB's manager, Lambdin "The Little Colonel" Kay, banned any person who had previously appeared on WGM from broadcasting over WSB.[6]

In September 1922, the Department of Commerce set aside a second entertainment wavelength, 400 meters (750 kHz) for "Class B" stations that had quality equipment and programming.[10] Both WSB and WGM were assigned to this new wavelength. In May 1923, additional "Class B" frequencies were made available, and Atlanta was assigned the use of 700 kHz.[11] Once again, both WSB and WGM were assigned to this new frequency.[12] However, at the end of July, WGM permanently suspended operations, which gave WSB exclusive use of the assignment.

In February 1924, Lambdin Kay called Art Gillham "The Whispering Pianist" while performing on WSB, a name he used in billing on Columbia Records, radio and theatre. Gillham returned to WSB in 1937 for regular programs. In 1927, WSB became an NBC Red Network affiliate.[13] The trademark three-tone NBC chimes were first played in the WSB studios.

In the summer of 1927, WSB began transmitting on 630 kHz.[14] On November 11, 1928, under the provisions of the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40, WSB was reassigned to a "clear channel" frequency of 740 kHz.[15] WSB was the dominant station nationally on this frequency. In March 1941, as part of the implementation of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA), WSB moved to 750 kHz, where it has been ever since.

WSB smoothed the way for the radio spread of southern gospel music, through regular programming hosted by Charles Davis Tillman. The Shelby Star newspaper, in an issue dated November 1985, wrote that the talented Dan Hornsby, after the national disaster crash of the stock market, found himself working no longer for Columbia Records but for radio stations like WGST, WATL and WCON, along with being the first morning show announcer for WSB in Atlanta. Lambdin Kay called Hornsby "90% of the local talent on WSB."

In 1939, the Journal newspaper and WSB radio station were sold to James Middleton Cox, the founder of what would become Cox Enterprises. Wright Bryan, a WSB news reporter as well as managing editor of the Atlanta Journal, was also a stringer for NBC during World War II. He was the first war correspondent to broadcast an eyewitness account of the D-Day invasion, reporting from London in the early hours of June 6, 1944. Elmo Ellis, who programmed WSB in the 1950s and 1960s, is remembered as an innovator among Southern broadcasters. He provided the on-air editorials for the station, and in the 1960s, consistently supported civil rights.

From 1925 to 1956, WSB radio, along with later co-owned stations WSB-FM and WSB-TV, operated out of the top floor of the Atlanta Biltmore Hotel in Midtown Atlanta. Afterward, the WSB stations were housed in a Colonial-style mansion with its interior specially built for broadcasting, informally known as White Columns.[16] That location was also in Midtown Atlanta, where Peachtree Street crosses West Peachtree Street near Ansley Park. In 1998, all of the Cox Radio stations located in the Atlanta radio market, as well as WSB-TV, moved into "Digital White Columns" on the same property. The original White Columns was demolished afterward.

In 1948, WSB added a companion FM station, WSB-FM, originally broadcasting on 104.5 MHz.[17] The Atlanta Constitution had also been experimenting with FM radio, putting WCON-FM on the air the year before. When the two newspapers merged under Cox ownership in 1952, WCON-FM and WSB-FM went silent. WSB-FM returned to the air in 1955 on WCON-FM's dial position, 98.5 FM. While it has the call letters of WSB-FM, the station traces its founding to when WCON-FM first signed on.

During its early years, when few people had FM radio receivers, WSB-FM mostly simulcast the programming on WSB. That included dramas, comedies, news and sports from the NBC Red Network, as well as local shows. As network programming moved from radio to television in the 1950s, WSB-AM-FM carried a full service, middle of the road format of popular music, news, sports and information. By the late 1960s, WSB-FM was separately programmed with a beautiful music format.

Also in 1948, WSB-TV first signed on the air on September 29. It originally broadcast on Channel 8. It is the second-oldest TV station south of Washington, D.C., after WTVR-TV Richmond. Just as WSB aired NBC Red Network radio programming, WSB-TV was originally a primary NBC-TV affiliate. WSB-TV also carried some ABC shows. While Channel 8 was assigned to The Atlanta Journal, Channel 2 was assigned to The Atlanta Constitution, although the Constitution never got its TV station on the air. After the two newspapers merged, WSB-TV switched to Channel 2. The station switched networks in 1980 to become an ABC station.

WSB formerly broadcast in AM stereo using the Motorola C-QUAM system during the 1980s, a period when music could still be heard on the station. The on-air talent in this era included morning hosts Russ Spooner and Dick Hamby, playing "middle of the road" music, and Skip Caray presenting morning sportscasts. As WSB's format progressed to a full-time news/talk radio format by 1987, the AM stereo system was turned off.

Also in the 1980s, WSB discontinued its NBC affiliation. Its own news staff delivered all the newscasts, with sound and actualities supplied by AP Radio. In the 2010s, WSB affiliated with ABC News Radio for its world and national news coverage.

On August 16, 2010, WSB began to be simulcast full-time on co-owned WBTS 95.5 FM, which previously played rhythmic contemporary music as "95.5 The Beat."[18] That October 1, WBTS's call letters were changed to WSBB-FM; the extra "B" was added to the FM call letters because Cox already owns a station with the WSB-FM call sign on 98.5. On July 31, 2019, WSB and WSBB-FM began calling themselves "95.5 WSB." The AM dial position and FM call letters are only mentioned occasionally, such as during the hourly station identification.[19]

Cox Enterprises sold majority control of Cox Media Group to Apollo Global Management on December 17, 2019.[20] While Cox Enterprises retains a minority stake in the company, the sale effectively separated WSB from the Atlanta Journal Constitution, which remains wholly owned by Cox Enterprises.[21]

Award

WSB won a 1946 Special Citation of Honor Peabody Award for its program, "The Harbor We Seek."[22]

Programming

Weekdays on WSB and WSBB-FM begin with "Atlanta's Morning News" with Scott Slade, followed by a local talk show with Eric Von Haessler. The syndicated Rush Limbaugh Show starts the afternoon, followed by an hour of Sean Hannity and local afternoon host Erick Erickson. Evenings feature a local sports show with Mark Arum, two more hours of Sean Hannity and consumer advice from Clark Howard, who is based at WSB and syndicated by Westwood One. The syndicated Brian Kilmeade and Dana Loesch shows are heard overnight.

Weekends feature shows on money, health, the outdoors, gardening and home repair. Syndicated shows include Kim Komando on technology and Bill Handel on law. WSB and WSBB have a large news staff covering local stories, in cooperation with co-owned Channel 2 WSB-TV. It also uses ABC News Radio for world and national coverage.

WSB and WSBB-FM are the flagship radio stations for the University of Georgia Bulldogs Radio Network, carrying all Bulldogs football and men's basketball games.

Sports

WSB has long served as the flagship radio station for the University of Georgia Bulldogs Radio Network, carrying its football and basketball games. In past years, WSB also served as the flagship station for Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball, Atlanta Falcons NFL Football and Atlanta Hawks NBA basketball. WSB carried Braves baseball coverage from 1966, the year the Milwaukee Braves moved to Atlanta, until 1991. Braves games moved to 640 WGST from 1992 until 1994.

In 1995, the team was back on WSB, the season in which the Braves won the World Series. That same year the Atlanta Hawks game coverage was also picked up by the station. From 1995 until 2004, WSB was branded as the "Sports Voice of the South," carrying play-by-play game coverage of Braves baseball, Hawks basketball and UGA football and basketball.

See also

References

  1. ^ "AM IBOC Stations on the Air" by Barry McLarnon (topazdesigns.com)
  2. ^ Welcome South, Brother: Fifty Years of Broadcasting at WSB, Atlanta Georgia, Cox Broadcasting Corporation, 1974, page 10.
  3. ^ As of March 10, 1922, 5 days before WSB started broadcasting, the Department of Commerce reported that there were 67 authorized broadcasting stations, including, in the South, WGH in Montgomery, Alabama. ("List of stations broadcasting market or weather reports (485 meters) and music, concerts, lectures, etc. (360 meters), (March 10, 1922)" Radio Service Bulletin, March 1, 1922, pages 13-14.)
  4. ^ "Amendments to Regulations", Radio Service Bulletin, January 3, 1922, page 10.
  5. ^ The Journal was an afternoon newspaper, while the Constitution published in the morning. The two papers came under common ownership in 1950, and were merged into the Journal-Constitution in 2001.
  6. ^ a b "The Voice of the South", Peachtree Parade by Ernest Rogers, pages 73-75.
  7. ^ "New Stations: Commercial Land Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, April 1, 1922, page 2.
  8. ^ "WSB" had previously been assigned to the SS Francis H. Leggett, which sank off the Oregon coast on September 18, 1914, with a loss of all but two of the 62 aboard, ("No. 2925: The Francis H. Leggett", Engines of our Ingenuity by John H. Lienhard, January 31, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2018) and later to the Firwood, which burned off the coast of Peru on December 18, 1919 with 28 persons on board, all of whom survived. ("Broadcast Station Calls With a Past" by William Fenwick, Radio Broadcast, July 1928, page 150. This source incorrectly states the ship's name as Firewood.) Because superstitious seafarers objected to being issued a call sign previously used by an ill-fated ship, "tainted" calls like "WSB" were quietly issued to unsinkable land stations. ("Mystique of the Three-Letter Callsigns" by Thomas H. White.)
  9. ^ Journey Through My Years by James M. Cox, 1946, page 387.
  10. ^ "Amendments to Regulations: Regulation 57", Radio Service Bulletin, September 1, 1922, pages 10-11.
  11. ^ "Radio Conference Recommendations: New Wave Lengths", Radio Age, May 1923, page 11. Beginning with these assignments, radio stations ended the practice of broadcasting their market reports and weather forecasts on the separate 485 meter wavelength.
  12. ^ "Class B Calls and Waves", Radio Age, June 1923, page 12.
  13. ^ "AM Network-Affiliated Radio Stations, 1949" (jeff560.tripod.com)
  14. ^ "Broadcasting Stations, by Wave Lengths", Commercial and Government Radio Stations of the United States (June 30, 1927 edition), page 87.
  15. ^ "Broadcasting Stations, by Wave Lengths, Effective November 11, 1928", Commercial and Government Radio Stations of the United States (June 30, 1928 edition), page 172.
  16. ^ Welcome South, Brother, page 17.
  17. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1949 page 505
  18. ^ "WSB-AM adds FM home at 95.5" by Rodney Ho, August 16, 2010 (blogs.ajc.com)
  19. ^ WSB Completes 95.5 Move-In; Drops 750 From Branding - Radio Insight (published August 1, 2019)
  20. ^ Saunders, Jessica (December 18, 2019). "Cox Enterprises completes sale of stations & assets; new owner names C-suite". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ "With FM Spins And Newspaper Sacrifices, FCC Approves Apollo Buyout Of Cox Media". Inside Radio. November 25, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  22. ^ "Peabody Awards for '46 Announced" (PDF). Broadcasting. April 21, 1947. p. 15. Retrieved 2018.

Bibliography

External links


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WSB_(AM)
 



 



 
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