|Governorate of Russian Empire|
Ukrainian People's Republic
Zhytomyr (officially since 1804)
|42.000 km2 (16.216 sq mi)|
o Transformed into Volhynian Governorate
o abolished (Okruhas of Ukraine)
|3 June 1925|
|Political subdivisions||Governorates of Russian Empire|
Volhynian Governorate (Russian: , Volýnskaja gubérnija, Ukrainian: , Volýns?ka hubérnija) was an administrative-territorial unit initially of the Russian Empire, created at the end of 1796 after the Third Partition of Poland from the territory of the short-lived Volhynian Vice-royalty and Wo?y? Voivodeship.
After the Peace of Riga, part of the governorate became the new Wo?y? Voivodeship in the Second Polish Republic, while the other part stayed as a part of the Ukrainian SSR until 1925 when it was abolished on resolution of the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee and Counsel of People's Commissars.
Until 1796 the guberniya was administrated as a namestnichestvo (Vice-royalty). It was initially centered in Iziaslav and was called the Izyaslav namesnichestvo. It was created mostly out of the Kiev Voivodeship and the east part of the Wolyn Voivodeship.
On 24 October 1795 the Third Partition of Poland happened.
In 1802 Zhytomyr was finally bought out of the properties of Prince (knyaz) Ilyinsky and in 1804 it became officially the seat of the Volyn Governorate.
From 1832 to 1915 the Volhynian Governorate and the Kiev Governorate and the Podolie Governorate were part of the Southwestern Krai General-Governorate, a type of militarized administrative-territorial unit.
In the 1880s the general-governorate was extended and included also other governorates.
In 1897 the population of the gubernia was 2,989,482 and in 1905 - 3,920,400. The majority of the population of the governorate spoke in old Ukrainian language with slight variety of dialects.
During the Ukrainian-Soviet War Zhytomir served as the provisional capital of Ukraine in 1918.
After the Polish-Soviet war in 1920 and according to the Peace of Riga (1921) most of the territory became part of the Second Polish Republic and transformed into Wo?y? Voivodeship with the capital in ?uck (Lutsk). The eastern portion existed to 1925 and later split into three okruhas Shepetivka Okruha, Zhytomyr Okruha, and Korosten Okruha.
Russian Census of 1897
|No. of volosts||Date of |
|4||Zaslavl||3 055.0||93 381||?||?|
|Other||3 412||0.11||2 889||523|
that did not identified
their native language
|Other(Old Believers, Magometians)||14 704||0.49|