Volgograd Oblast
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Volgograd Oblast
Volgograd Oblast
? ?
Coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast
Coat of arms
Anthem: [3]
Map of Russia - Volgograd Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 49°44?N 44°07?E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117Coordinates: 49°44?N 44°07?E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117
CountryRussia
Federal districtSouthern[1]
Economic regionVolga[2]
EstablishedDecember 5, 1936[4]
Administrative centerVolgograd[5]
Government
 o BodyOblast Duma[6]
 o Governor[6]Andrey Bocharov[7]
Area
 o Total113,900 km2 (44,000 sq mi)
Area rank31st
Population
(2010 Census)[9]
 o Total2,610,161
 o Estimate 
(2018)[10]
2,521,276 (-3.4%)
 o Rank18th
 o Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
 o Urban
76.0%
 o Rural
24.0%
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata[11])
ISO 3166 codeRU-VGG
License plates34
OKTMO ID18000000
Official languagesRussian[12]
Websitehttp://www.volganet.ru/

Volgograd Oblast (Russian: , Volgogradskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia, located in the Volga region of Southern Russia. Its administrative center is Volgograd. The population of the oblast was 2,610,161 in the 2010 Census.[9] Formerly known as Stalingrad Oblast, it was given its present name in 1961, when the city of Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd as part of de-Stalinization. Volgograd Oblast borders Rostov Oblast in the southwest, Voronezh Oblast in the northwest, Saratov Oblast in the north, Astrakhan Oblast and the Republic of Kalmykia in the southeast, and has an international border with Kazakhstan in the east. The two main rivers in European Russia, the Don and the Volga, run through the oblast and are connected by the Volga-Don Canal. Volgograd Oblast's strategic waterways have made it a popular route for shipping and for the generation of hydroelectricity.

Volgograd Oblast was the primary site of the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II, often regarded as one of the single largest and the bloodiest battle in the history of warfare.[13]

Geography

  • Borders length: 2,221.9 kilometers (1,380.6 mi)

Volgograd Oblast borders with Saratov, Rostov, Astrakhan, and Voronezh Oblasts, as well as with Kalmykia of Russia and with Kazakhstan (West Kazakhstan Region).

Volgograd has more than 200 rivers and streams. The major ones include:

History

Stalingrad Oblast ( ?) was established on December 5, 1936 on the territory of former Stalingrad Krai.[4] The oblast was given its present name on November 10, 1961.[4]

Administrative divisions

Politics

Building of the Oblast Duma and Oblast Government

During the Soviet period, three people exercised oblast-level authority:

  1. the first secretary of the Volgograd CPSU Committee (who in reality had the most power)
  2. the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power)
  3. the chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power)

In 1991 the CPSU lost de facto power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Volgograd Oblast provides the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Volgograd Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body, the Oblast Government, includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor, who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

The population of the oblast was 2,610,161 according to the 2010 Russian census,[9] 2,699,223 in the 2002 Russian census,[14] and 2,593,944 in the 1989 Soviet census.[15]. In 2012, there were 30,252 births (11.7 per 1000) and 35,021 deaths (13.5 per 1000).[16] The total fertility rate was 1.46[clarification needed] in 2009, rising to 1.57 by 2016.[17]

Settlements


Ethnic groups

(shown are the ethnic groups with a population of more than 7,500 people)

Ethnic group Population (in 2010)[9] Percent
Russians 2,309,253 90
Kazakhs 46,223 1.8
Ukrainians 35,607 1.4
Tatars 24,557 0.9
Armenians 27,846 1.1
Azerbaijani 14,398 0.6
Germans 10,102 0.4
Chechen 9,649 0.4
Belarusians 7,868 0.4
  • 44,541 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[18]

Religion

Religion in Oblast Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[19][20]
Russian Orthodoxy
54.5%
Other Orthodox
2.2%
Other Christians
4.1%
Islam
3.5%
Spiritual but not religious
18.4%
Atheism and irreligion
12.1%
Other and undeclared
5.2%

According to a 2012 survey[19] 54.5% of the population of Volgograd Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to any church or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 3% are Muslims. In addition, 18% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12% is atheist, and 6.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[19]

Government

Governor of Volgograd Oblast is Anatoliy Brovko (since 2010)

Both the flag and the coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast include an image of The Motherland Calls, an 85 meter tall statue located in Volgograd.

Economy

Primary branches of economics are agriculture, food production, heavy industry, gas and petroleum refining. The Volga Hydroelectric Station operates on the Volga River.

The largest companies in the region include Volzhsky Pipe Plant, Volgogradenergosbyt (a local electric power distribution company), OJSC Kaustik (caustic soda manufacturer), Volzhsky Orgsintez (a chemical plant).[21]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Article 10 of the Charter of Volgograd Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2014, no such law is in place.
  4. ^ a b c Volgograd Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 3
  5. ^ Charter of Volgograd Oblast, Article 41
  6. ^ a b Charter of Volgograd Oblast, Article 7
  7. ^ Official website of Volgograd Oblast. Andrey Ivanovich Bocharov, Acting Governor of Volgograd Oblast (in Russian)
  8. ^ ? (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "?, ?, ? ? ? ? ? (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". ? 2002 ? (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. ^ https://www.military-history.org/articles/5-bloodiest-battles-in-history.htm
  14. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  15. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  16. ^ " ? ? ? ". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "? ?:: ?". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "-2010 ? ". Perepis-2010.ru. December 19, 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  19. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  20. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", No 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  21. ^ ? ? , , ? , ? . ? (in Russian). Retrieved 2018.

Sources

  • ? ?. No1- 24 ? 2012 ?. « ? ?», ? . No90-  10 ? 2015 ?. «? ?  2 ? ? 24 ? 2012 ?. No1-». ? ? ?  ? ?. : "? ", No35, 29 ? 2012 ?. (Volgograd Oblast Duma. #1-OD February 24, 2012 Charter of Volgograd Oblast, as amended by the Law #90-OD of July 10, 2015 On Amending Article 2 of the Charter of Volgograd Oblast #1-OD of February 24, 2012. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • ? ? ?. "? ?. - ? 1 ? 1968 ?" (Volgograd Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure as of July 1, 1968). - ? . , 1969.

External links


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