Voiced Retroflex Affricate
Get Voiced Retroflex Affricate essential facts below. View Videos or join the Voiced Retroflex Affricate discussion. Add Voiced Retroflex Affricate to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Voiced Retroflex Affricate
Voiced retroflex affricate
IPA Number106 (137)
Entity (decimal)ɖ​͡​ʐ
Unicode (hex)U+0256 U+0361 U+0290
Audio sample

The voiced retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨d?⟩ or ⟨?⟩. It occurs in such languages as Polish (the laminal affricate d?) and Northwest Caucasian languages (apical).


Features of the voiced retroflex affricate:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian Some dialects una ['unä] 'moon' Corresponds to /?/ in other dialects. See Che Vaqueira
Belarusian ? [l?ibä] 'number' Laminal. See Belarusian phonology
Chinese Wu ? [a?] 'to grow' Only found in a few Wu dialects.
Polish Standard[1][2] d?em 'jam' Laminal; it's transcribed /d/ by most Polish scholars. See Polish phonology
Southeastern Cuyavian dialects[3] dzwon [v?n?] 'bell' Some speakers. It's a result of hypercorrecting the more popular merger of // and /d?z/ into .
Suwa?ki dialect[4]
Northern Qiang vvdhe [] 'star'
Russian[2][5] 'jam' Laminal. It is a very rare variant, and it is usually pronounced as a sequence [d?]. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[6][7] ? / d?ep [ê?p] 'pocket' Apical. It may be palato-alveolar instead, depending on the dialect. See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak[8] d?ús [u?:s] 'juice' Laminal.
Torwali[9] ? [i] 'long' Contrasts with a palatal affricate.
Yi ? / rry [] 'tooth'

See also


  1. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  2. ^ a b Hamann (2004:65)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Lightner (1972:67)
  6. ^ Kordi? (2006), p. 5.
  7. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 67.
  8. ^ Hanulíková & Hamann (2010:374)
  9. ^ Lunsford (2001:16-20)


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes