Voiced Alveolo-palatal Fricative
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Voiced Alveolo-palatal Fricative
Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
?
IPA Number183
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʑ
Unicode (hex)U+0291
X-SAMPAz\
Braille? (braille pattern dots-236)? (braille pattern dots-1356)
Audio sample

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩ ("z", plus the curl also found in its voiceless counterpart ⟨?⟩), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is z\. It is the sibilant equivalent of the voiced palatal fricative.

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant fricative does not occur in any major dialect of English. However, it is the usual realization of /?/ (as in vision) in the Ghanaian variety.[1]

Features

alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives [?, ?]

Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ?? [a'?a] 'hare' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe [?a:w] 'shadow'
Catalan Eastern[2] ajut [?'?ut?] 'help' (n.) See Catalan phonology
Majorcan[2]
Chinese Jiangshan dialect of Wu ? [?yoe?] 'ten'
Southern Min Taiwanese Hokkien /kin-á-ji?t [k?n?at?] 'today'
English Ghanaian[1] vision ['vi?in] 'vision' Educated speakers may use , to which this phone corresponds in other dialects.[1]
Japanese /kaji [ka?i] 'fire' Found in free variation with between vowels. See Japanese phonology
Kabardian ? [?a] 'mouth'
Korean /gyeongju [kjdu] 'race'
Lower Sorbian[3] ?asety [?äst][stress?] 'tenth'
Luxembourgish[4] héijen ['hn] 'high' Allophone of /?/ after phonologically front vowels; some speakers merge it with . Occurs only in a few words.[4] See Luxembourgish phonology
Pashto Wazirwola dialect [mi?] 'we'
Polish[5] ?rebi? 'foal' Also denoted by the digraph ⟨zi⟩. See Polish phonology
Portuguese[6][7][8] magia [ma'?i.?] 'magic' Also described as palato-alveolar .[9][10] See Portuguese phonology
Romanian Transylvanian dialects[11] gean? ['?an?] 'eyelash' Realized as in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian Conservative Moscow Standard[12] ?? ['je?:?] 'I drive' Somewhat obsolete; most speakers realize it as hard .[12] Present only in a few words, usually written ⟨⟩ or ⟨⟩. See Russian phonology
Sema[13] aji [àì] 'blood' Possible allophone of /?/ before /i, e/; can be realized as [d ~ ? ~ d] instead.[13]
Serbo-Croatian Croatian[14] pu? ?e [pû:? te?] 'the snail will' Allophone of /?/ before /t, d/.[14] See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Some speakers of Montenegrin ?enica [nits?a?] 'pupil' Phonemically /zj/ or, in some cases, /z/.
Spanish Paraguayan Spanish[15] karro ['ka?o] 'car' Dialectal realization of /r/ and allophone of /?/ after /t/.
Uzbek[16] [example needed]
Xumi Upper[17] [H][clarification needed] 'beer, wine'
Yi ?/yi [?i?] 'tobacco'

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Huber (2004:859)
  2. ^ a b Recasens & Espinosa (2007:145, 167)
  3. ^ Zygis (2003:180-181)
  4. ^ a b Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 67-68.
  5. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  6. ^ Mateus & d'Andrade (2000)
  7. ^ Silva (2003:32)
  8. ^ Guimarães (2004)
  9. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  10. ^ Medina (2010)
  11. ^ Pop (1938), p. 30.
  12. ^ a b Yanushevskaya & Bun?i? (2015:224)
  13. ^ a b Teo (2014:23)
  14. ^ a b Landau et al. (1999:68)
  15. ^ "Catálogo de voces hispánicas: Paraguay, Asunción". Instituto Cervantes (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ Sjoberg (1963:11)
  17. ^ Chirkova, Chen & Kocjan?i? Antolík (2013:383)

References

External links


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