Vladimir Mikhaylovich Petrov (diplomat)
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Vladimir Mikhaylovich Petrov Diplomat
Vladimir Petrov
Vladimir Petrov and Evdokia Petrov inside the safe house.jpg
Evdokia and Vladimir Petrov in their safe house
Native name
Afanasy Mikhaylovich Shorokhov

(1907-02-15)February 15, 1907
DiedJune 14, 1991(1991-06-14) (aged 84)
Melbourne, Australia
ResidenceMelbourne, Australia
Other namesVladimir Mikhaylovich Petrov
Evdokia Petrova

Vladimir Mikhaylovich Petrov (Russian: ?; 15 February 1907 - 14 June 1991) was a member of the Soviet Union's clandestine services who became famous in 1954 for his defection to Australia.

Early life

He was born Afanasy Mikhaylovich Shorokhov (Russian: ?), into a peasant family in the village of Larikha, in central Siberia.

Petrov joined the basura in 1923 and the Soviet Navy.[]

Intelligence career

According to his recently released secret British MI5 file, Petrov stated during his post-defection interviewing that his intelligence career was as follows:

  • 1929-1933 cypher clerk Soviet Navy.
  • 1933-1938 N.K.V.D. Moscow dealing with overseas cypher communications.
  • 1939 N.K.V.D. cypher clerk attached to Soviet Army Western China.
  • 1940-1942 N.K.V.D. cypher clerk Moscow dealing with Internal communications.
  • 1942-1947 N.K.V.D. cypher clerk Sweden with additional Internal Security duties.
  • 1947-1951 M.G.B. Moscow dealing with seamen on the Danube.
  • 1951-1954 M.G.B. controller in Australia.

Petrov also gave information about the defection of Burgess and Maclean of the Cambridge Five. Their escape had been handled by Kislitsyn, an M.G.B. officer who was in Australia when Petrov defected in 1954. Petrov also disclosed that Burgess and McLean were living in Kuibyshev in 1954. (National Archives Reference:kv/2/3440)

Joining OGPU

He decided to join the Soviet spy organization, the OGPU, in May 1933. He was subsequently admitted to the Special Cipher Section, which was attached to the Foreign Department of the OGPU. It was his status in this section which allowed him to learn many Soviet secrets by reading the top secret ciphers.

Petrov lived through the purges of Stalin under Yagoda, Yezhov, and Beria. Even though a great number of his friends, colleagues, and superiors were arrested and executed, Petrov escaped unscathed.[1]

Australia and defection

Having graduated from cipher clerk to full-fledged agent, Petrov was sent to Australia by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD)[] in 1951. His job there was to recruit spies and to keep watch on Soviet citizens, making sure that none of the Soviets abroad defected. Ironically, it was in Australia where events would occur which led to his own defection from the USSR. This came about through his association with Polish-born doctor and musician Michael Bialoguski, who played along in seeming to allow Petrov to recruit him to gather information, while at the same time reporting to Australian Security Intelligence Organisation on Petrov's activities.

Petrov applied for political asylum in 1954, on the grounds that he could provide information regarding a Soviet spy ring operating out of the Soviet Embassy in Australia. Petrov states in his memoirs (ghost written by Michael Thwaites) that his reasoning for defecting lay not in an imminent fear of being executed, but in his disillusionment with the Soviet system and his own experiences and knowledge of the terror and human suffering inflicted on the Soviet people by their government. He witnessed the destruction of the Siberian village in which he was born, caused by forced collectivization and the famine which resulted.

Life after defection

Petrov became an Australian citizen in 1956. He and his wife Evdokia's names were changed to Sven and Maria Anna Allyson. They lived a quiet suburban life in Melbourne.[2] He died in 1991, and she died in 2002.

The whereabouts of the Petrovs were still the subject of a D-Notice in 1982.[3][4]

Fictional works

Petrov's defection has inspired a number of fictional works.

See also


  1. ^ "Stalin purges". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Stephens, Tony (27 July 2002). "Spies who loved us". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  3. ^ Sadler, Pauline (May 2000). "The D-Notice System". Press Counsil News. 12 (2). Archived from the original on March 11, 2004.
  4. ^ "D Notices - Fact sheet 49 - National Archives of Australia". Naa.gov.au. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b "Queensland Premier's Literary Awards: Previous winners". Queensland Government. November 30, 2011. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "The Safe House". leewhitmore.com.au. Archived from the original on April 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Neill, Rosemary (April 22, 2011). "Fully formed: 30 years of The Australian/Vogel Literary Award". The Australian. Archived from the original on April 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Menglet, Alex; Sitta, Eva; Chilvers, Simon; Picot, Geneviève (1987-05-27), The Petrov Affair, retrieved

Further reading

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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