Vizzini
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Vizzini

Vizzini
Comune di Vizzini
Panorama of Vizzini
Panorama of Vizzini
Coat of arms of Vizzini
Coat of arms
Location of Vizzini
Vizzini is located in Italy
Vizzini
Vizzini
Location of Vizzini in Italy
Vizzini is located in Sicily
Vizzini
Vizzini
Vizzini (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°10?N 14°45?E / 37.167°N 14.750°E / 37.167; 14.750Coordinates: 37°10?N 14°45?E / 37.167°N 14.750°E / 37.167; 14.750
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
Metropolitan cityCatania (CT)
FrazioniCamemi, Vizzini Scalo
Government
 o MayorVito Saverio Cortese
Area
 o Total126.75 km2 (48.94 sq mi)
Elevation
586 m (1,923 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 o Total6,072
 o Density48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Vizzinesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
95049
Dialing code0933
Patron saintSt. Gregory
Saint day12 March
WebsiteOfficial website
Salita Lucio Marineo.

Vizzini is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania, on the island of Sicily, southern Italy. It is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Catania in the Hyblaean Mountains, on the most northwesterly slopes of Monte Lauro.

The commune territory is bounded by the comuni of Buccheri, Francofonte, Giarratana, Licodia Eubea, Militello in Val di Catania, Mineo.

History

Bidis, a Roman city mentioned by Pliny and Cicero, stood here in a territory that has been inhabited since prehistoric times.[3]

The modern town developed in the Middle Ages around a now non-extant castle,[4] as a fief of various lords, including the Chiaromontes and the Schittinos, although for many years it was also part of the royal domain.

In 1358, Roland of Sicily reconquered the area from Vizzini to Avola.

In 1415, the Jewish community of Vizzini was expelled by Queen Blanca, and was never permitted to return.

On the 14th of July, 1943 the town of Vizzini was liberated from fascist forces by the British military. Specifically, by that time Vizzini was occupied by a small detachment of forces from Nazi Germany. Britain's XXX Corps under General Montgomery consisting largely of M4 Sherman Tanks easily overpowered the small group of German tanks that were present in the town. The town had been in the American occupational zone and this caused some confusion when British forces liberated the town first.[5]

Main sights

The Arab layout of the town can be clearly seen passing from Via Verga to Via San Gregorio Magno and proceeding as far as Largo della Matrice, a square with a statue of St. Gregory in the middle and the Chiesa Madre (S. Gregorio Magno) at one side.

The portal on the left face of the church, in splendid 15th-century Gothic-Catalan style, probably came from the old Town Hall, destroyed by the earthquake in 1693; in the interior there are late 18th century stuccos and a wooden ceiling by Natale Bonaiuto, as well as two paintings (The Martyrdom of St. Laurence and the Madonna delle Mercede) by Filippo Paladini (or Paladino), born in Florence about 1544. Another painting by Paladino, The Deposition (1607), is in the Chiesa del Convento dei Cappuccini.

Nearby is the Chiesa di Sant'Agata, rebuilt in the 18th century on the site of a previous 15th-century building and houses a pipe organ[6] created around 1770.

The church of San Giovanni Battista is from the 18th century. The stuccos decorating the interior are by Natale Bonaiuto (also mentioned with reference to the Chiesa Madre).

The front of Chiesa S. Teresa is said to be the setting for scenes from Cavalleria Rusticana, the libretto of which is based on the play of the same name by Giovanni Verga, who lived in Vizzini for a time.

Antonello Gagini is present in the Chiesa dei Minori Osservanti, with a fine statue of the Madonna and Child (1527).

View of Vizzini from the valley below

Religious buildings

Chiesa di Santa Maria di Gesù. The original 13th-century church was severely damaged in the 1693 earthquake and rebuilt in the Baroque style
  • Chiesa dello Spirito Santo
  • Chiesa di S. Maria di Gesù
  • Chiesa di S. Vito
  • Chiesa S. Annunziata
  • Chiesa di S. Francesco di Paola
  • Chiesa di S. Maria del Pericolo
  • Chiesa S. Sebastiano
  • Chiesa S. Teresa.
  • Chiesa dei Minori Osservanti
  • Chiesa di Sant'Agata
  • Chiesa del Convento dei Cappuccini
  • Monastero S. Maria dei Greci
  • Santa Lucia
Palazzo di città (municipio Building).

Palaces and other buildings

  • Palazzo di Citta (early 19th century)
  • Palazzo Verga (family of the writer)(18th century)
  • Palazzo di città (municipio)(Town Hall Building)
  • Palazzo Cannizzaro
  • Palazzo Passanisi
  • Palazzo Cafici
  • Palazzo La Gurna
  • Palazzo Trao
  • Palazzo Gandolfo Maggiore

Culture

The writer Giovanni Verga used Vizzini as the setting for his Cavalleria Rusticana and Mastro Don Gesualdo, describing places and scenes that are still recognizable (the prickly pears of Cunziria, and in a sloping alley the house of the Trao family).

People

Economy

The economy of the commune is mainly agricultural (cereals, prickly pears, vegetables, sumac). Other activities include handmade shoes and carpentry.

Transportation

Buses travel to and near Vizzini regularly from surrounding cities Catania and Ragusa. Major operators include AST and ETNA.

The railway station Vizzini-Licodia is situated 6 km outside the city in the frazione of Vizzini Scalo.

Events

  • Procession of "Sorrows" - Good Friday
  • "A Cugnunta" - Easter Sunday
  • "Ricotta and Cheese Festival" - 23, 24 and 25 April
  • Festival of San Giuseppe - 19 April
  • "Festival of Taste and Odours" - 2 June
  • Festival of San Giovanni Battista - 28 and 29 August
  • Events Verghiane - July / August
  • Festival of the Patron San Gregorio Magno - 2 and 3 September
  • "Rocksticana[10] " - Rock music festival for emerging groups - September
  • Traditional "Festival of the Dead" - 30 / 31 October and 1 November
  • "Living Nativity" - December

See also

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ Sicily and Its Islands, 2004 - Ugo La Rosa editore
  4. ^ AA. VV., Castelli medievali di Sicilia - Guida agli itinerari castellani dell'isola, Grafiche Renna, Palermo 2001"VIZZINI - Denominazione: castello o torre di Vizzini; turris Bizini.Cartografia IGM: 273 II N.O. Vizzini. Dati catastali: Vizzini, F° 80, partt. 1847, 2049. Bibliografia essenziale:Amico 1855-56. II, pp. 663-66; Maurici 1992. p. 384; SMDS, VII, pp.80-83. C.M.B"
  5. ^ Bitter Victory: The Battle for Sicily, July-August 1943 by Carlo D'Este, pg. 326-328
  6. ^ Giusy Larinà -Towards a typology of decorative façades in 18th-century Sicilian organs (This article was published in Italian in Il Canto dell'Aquila, (Centro di Studi Musicali per il Meridione, Caltagirone) July 1990, pp102-111.)Photographs courtesy of Vincenzo Piluso.English translation by N. Waanders 2001 Archived 8 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Joan Boscà i Almogàver was a student of Lucio Marineo Siculo from Vizzini, Italy
  8. ^ Biblioteca Comunale "Lucio Marineo" Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ JSTOR: Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 50, No. 3 (Autumn, 1997 ), pp. 701-722:# Marineo Siculo: A Protagonist of Humanism in Spain(Erika Rummel)[dead link]
  10. ^ Rocksticana, concorso musicale per gruppi emergenti Archived 19 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Biography: Bernard Law Montgomery: jewishvirtuallibrary.org

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Vizzini
 



 



 
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