Vivian Beaumont Theater
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Vivian Beaumont Theater

Vivian Beaumont Theater
Lincoln Center Theater
Address150 West 65th Street
New York City
United States
Coordinates40°46?24?N 73°59?03?W / 40.773472°N 73.984028°W / 40.773472; -73.984028
Public transitSubway: (all times)​ (late nights) at 66th Street-Lincoln Center
NYC Bus: M5, M7, M11, M20, M66, M104
OperatorLincoln Center Theater
TypeBroadway
Capacity1,200
Construction
OpenedOctober 21, 1965
ArchitectEero Saarinen (building) and Jo Mielziner (theater)
Website
www.lct.org

The Vivian Beaumont Theater is a Broadway theater located in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts complex at 150 West 65th Street on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. It is New York City's only Broadway-class theater (thus making its productions eligible for the Tony Awards) that is not located in the Theater District near Times Square. The building was one of the last structures designed by Eero Saarinen, a Finnish-born mid-century architect. It is the home of Lincoln Center Theater.

History

Buildings of Lincoln Center

Buildings and structures in Lincoln Center:
1
Clark Studio Theater; Samuel B. and David Rose Building; Stanley H. Kaplan Penthouse; Walter Reade Theater
2
Juilliard School
3
Alice Tully Hall
4
Claire Tow Theater; Lincoln Center Theater; LCT3 Theater; Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater; Vivian Beaumont Theater
5
Elinor Bunin Monroe Film Center
6
David Geffen Hall
7
Bruno Walter Auditorium; New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
8
Metropolitan Opera House
9
Josie Robertson Plaza; Revson Fountain
10
Damrosch Park
11
David H. Koch Theater
12
David Rubenstein Atrium
13
Jazz at Lincoln Center

The theater is named after Vivian Beaumont Allen, a former actress and heiress to the May Department Stores fortune, who donated $3 million in 1958 for a building to house a permanent dramatic repertory company at Lincoln Center. Allen died in 1962, and after several delays and estimated construction costs of $9.6 million, the Vivian Beaumont opened on October 21, 1965, with a revival of the 1835 play Danton's Death by Georg Büchner. The cast included James Earl Jones and Stacy Keach.

From 1965-66, the theater was operated by the Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center, under the direction of Jules Irving and Herbert Blau; Blau, who directed Danton's Death, resigned that first year, while Irving remained as sole director through 1972. From 1973 until 1977, it was managed by the New York Shakespeare Festival, under the direction of Joseph Papp. Following a three-year period of inactivity, it reopened in 1980 under the auspices of the Lincoln Center Theater Company, directed by Richmond Crinkley. He had the ad hoc assistance of a five-member directorate consisting of Woody Allen, Sarah Caldwell, Liviu Ciulei, Robin Phillips, and Ellis Rabb, with Edward Albee as the company playwright.[1]

A contemplated $6.5 million interior reconstruction of the Vivian Beaumont led to its being closed between 1981 and 1983. These plans, which would have changed its configuration from a thrust stage to a more traditional theater with a proscenium arch, were finally abandoned. However, other substantial improvements to the theater's acoustics and technical facilities have been made over the years.

On rare occasions the theater has been rented to commercial producers, such as Alexander H. Cohen and Hildy Parks, who presented Peter Brook's production of La Tragedie de Carmen in 1983.

Since 1985, the Vivian Beaumont has been operated by Lincoln Center Theater (initially under the direction of Gregory Mosher and Bernard Gersten, and now André Bishop).

Off-Broadway spaces

In the lower level of the building is the Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater, originally known as the Forum and renamed in 1972 for a woman who had donated much money for the theater.[2] It is an intimate, 299-seat venue in which Lincoln Center Theater presents its Off-Broadway-style plays and musicals.

In 2012, Lincoln Center Theater opened the Claire Tow Theater on the Beaumont's roof, a new third stage that features work by emerging playwrights, directors and designers. Tickets are only $20 each. It operates with an annual budget of about $2 million and stages three to four productions a year. The auditorium is named for Claire Tow, whose husband, Leonard, a board member, donated $7.5 million.[3]

Design

The structure was designed by Finnish American architect Eero Saarinen, and Jo Mielziner was responsible for the design of the stage and interior. The travertine-clad roof houses stacks of the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts,[4] designed by Gordon Bunshaft.[5]

The Vivian Beaumont differs from traditional Broadway theaters because of its use of stadium seating and its thrust stage configuration.

Located on the Vivian Beaumont's planted green roof, the Claire Tow Theater seats 112 people in a fixed configuration.[5] Designed by Hugh Hardy and built at a cost of $42 million, the two-story, 23,000-square-foot glass box has the same width as the glass base of the Beaumont.[6] It also houses rehearsal space, dressing quarters, offices, and a pocket lobby with a bar. The structure is wrapped inside a grille of aluminum louvers that help screen out the sun.[4] In designing the interior, Hardy used simple materials, stained oak for the lobby floors and walnut for the theater's sloping walls.[3] The bar features Overture (2012), a sculpture by Kiki Smith.[6]

Production history

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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