Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna
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Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna
Virtus Bologna
Virtus Bologna logo.svg
NicknameVu Nere (Black V)
Founded1929; 91 years ago (1929)
(capacity: 5,570)
Virtus Arena
(capacity: 8,970)
LocationBologna, Italy
Team colorsWhite, black[a]
Main sponsorSegafredo Zanetti
PresidentGiuseppe Sermasi
Head coachAleksandar ?or?evi?
Team captainFilippo Baldi Rossi
OwnershipMassimo Zanetti[b]
Championships2 EuroLeague
1 Saporta Cup
1 Champions League
1 EuroChallenge
15 Italian Championships
8 Italian Cups
1 Italian Supercup
1 Italian LNP Cup
1 Serie A2 Basket
Retired numbers3 (4, 5, 10)

Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna, known for sponsorship reasons as Segafredo Virtus Bologna,[1] is an Italian professional basketball club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna.

The club was founded in 1929, which makes it the oldest club in Italy and one of the oldest one in Europe. Virtus is the second most titled basketball club in Italy after Olimpia Milano, having won 15 Italian national championships, 8 Italian National Cups and 1 Italian Supercup. Moreover, it is one of the most successful teams in Europe, having won two EuroLeagues, one FIBA Saporta Cup and one Basketball Champions League.[2] It currently plays in the Italian first division LBA as well as in the EuroCup. The club is owned by the coffee entrepreneur Massimo Zanetti.[3]

Some of the club's star players over the years have included: Tom McMillen, Renato Villalta, Jim McMillian, Kre?imir ?osi?, Micheal Ray Richardson, Roberto Brunamonti, Jure Zdovc, Predrag Danilovi?, Cliff Levingston, Arijan Komazec, Orlando Woolridge, Zoran Savi?, Bane Prelevi?, Radoslav Nesterovi?, Antoine Rigaudeau, Hugo Sconochini, Marko Jari?, Manu Ginóbili, Matja? Smodi?, Keith Langford and Milo? Teodosi?. While some of the club's greatest coaches had been: Vittorio Tracuzzi, Dan Peterson, Terry Driscoll, Alberto Bucci, Ettore Messina and Aleksandar ?or?evi?.


1929-1956: Beginnings and post-war dynasty

Virtus was founded in 1871 as a gymnastics club, forming its first professional basketball team in 1929 as part of a multi sports club. The club's motto was Forte Franco Fermo Fiero ("Strong Frank Firm Proud") and was inserted in the logo under the Black V, with a cross made by four F;[4] the motto is still used by Virtus.[5] The team's home court was the former church of Santa Lucia in the city center, which could hosted a few hundred people.[6]

Virtus team in 1945-46 season

The first official championship of Virtus dates back to 1934, the year in which the Bolognese team won the first division tournament, obtaining the promotion in the top tournament after a hard-fought group of playoffs against Unione Sportiva of Milan and Ginnastica Rome. Team's captain was Venzo Vannini, while other important players were Giuseppe Palmieri and Giancarlo Marinelli. After the promotion, Virtus settled permanently at the top of the national basketball league, and achieved a long series of honorable placings: in the nine championships disputed from 1935 to the outbreak of the Second World War, the Black V collected 6 second places, 2 third places and a sixth place, however Virtus never achieved to win a national title.

From 1943 to 1945, the championship was suspended due to the outbreak of the war in the country and the beginning of the civil war.[7] At the end of the world war, the Santa Lucia was no longer available for basketball games and after a brief period of outdoor matches on a field in Via del Ravone, the team moved to Sala Borsa, the city's stock exchange, readjusted in the evening for basketball matches. This unusual venue became the hallmark of a new Italian basketball season, compared to the worldwide famous Boston Garden.[8] In July 1945, Virtus, led by Achille Canna, Luigi Rapini and Antonio Calebotta, won its first national Serie A title, defeating 35-31 Reyer Venezia in the final.[9]

In the following season, Renzo Poluzzi became the new head coach and led Virtus to its second championship.[10] Under Poluzzi, Virtus won the title again in 1948 and 1949, achieving the so-called "four-peat".[11] In 1949-50 season, the Black V arrived second after Olimpia Milano; during these years, the long-time rivalry with Olimpia, known as "derby of Italy", began.[12] Olimpia won the title for the next four years too, while the Black V placed second in 1952 and 1953. In 1954, Vittorio Tracuzzi was appointed new head coach; Tracuzzi was a Virtus player too, acting as a "player-coach". At the end of the season, Tracuzzi led Virtus to its fifth national title. The team doubled the next season, achieving a so-called "back-to-back". During the 1950s the first derbies were played against Gira and Moto Morini, the other two teams of Bologna.[13]

Due to the increasingly fame of Virtus, the Sala Borsa was no longer suitable for hosting games; so in 1956, the long-time Mayor of Bologna, Giuseppe Dozza, inaugurated a new arena, which was simply known as "Sports Hall" and had a seating capacity of more than 7,000 people.[14] The arena was later nicknamed Il Madison, after New York's Madison Square Garden and, in 1966, after Dozza's retirement from politics, it was renamed "PalaDozza". From 1956 to 1960, Virtus placed second, always behind its arch-rival Olimpia Milan. At the end of the 1959-60 season, Tracuzzi left Virtus after two championships in five seasons, with a winning record of 108-22, being widely considered one of Black V's greatest coaches of all time.[15]

1960-1968: Post-dynasty struggles

In 1960, the Spanish coach, Eduardo Kucharski, succeeded Tracuzzi at the head of the team.[16] Virtus, led by its best player Gianfranco Lombardi, took part in its first European Champions Cup, but it was ousted by CCA Bucarest in the second round. At the end of the national season, the Balck V placed second again, behind Ignis Varese.[17]

In 1962 and 1963 Virtus arrived third and Kucharski was sacked, while Mario Alesini, a former Virtus player, became the new head coach.[18] However, in the next three seasons, Alesini did not reach to bring back the title to Bologna. In 1966, Jaroslav ?íp was hired as new head coach, but Virtus never became a real contender for the championship, with Olimpia and Ignis which alternatively won the title until 1968.[19]

1968-1991: The Porelli era

Gianluigi Porelli, president and manager for 23 years

The 1960s had been an unfortunate decade for Virtus. The turning point occurred in 1968, when the lawyer Gianluigi Porelli was appointed by the then president of the multi-sport club, Giovanni Elkan, at the head of the basketball section.[20] Alternately nicknamed "Torquemada" or "Robespierre" for his quick and often dictatorial methods, or, more frequently, L'Avvocato ("The Lawyer"), Porelli has been one of the most prominent figures in the history of Virtus, which through initiatives often unpopular but almost always winning, definitively carried towards professionalism.[21]

1968-1973: The rebuilding

As soon as he arrived, at only 38 years old, Porelli sacked coach ?íp and appointed Renzo Ranuzzi, a former player. However, Ranuzzi lasted one year only, due to the poor result of the team, wich ended the season at the 10th place. After another poor result in the 1969-70 season under coach Nello Paratore, in 1970, Porelli hired Black V's legendary coach Vittorio Tracuzzi and sold the best player of the time, Gianfranco Lombardi, unleashing a popular uprising that even ended up in court. Despite Tracuzzi's comeback, the team placed 10th once again.[22] In 1970, thanks to Porelli, Virtus was also one of the main proponents and founders of the Lega Basket, the governing body of the top-tier level professional Italian basketball league.[23]

In the same year, Virtus broke away from the multi sports club, becoming a joint-stock company. Thanks to this choice, which was highly criticised at the time, Porelli definitively healed the club's finances. In 1971, Porelli hired the American player John Fultz who, supported by important Italian players like Gianni Bertolotti and Luigi Serafini, succeeded in placing the team 5th in the national championship, the best result since 1967-68. In the following season, the team, composed by the same players and coached by Nico Messina, arrived 6th.[24]

1973-1978: Peterson's revolution

In 1973, Porelli opened a new season of triumphs, thanks to a partnership with Sinudyne, a famous Italian domestic appliances company, and especially with the engagement of the young American coach Dan Peterson, coming from the Chile's national basketball team.[25] Virtus immediately won its first Italian Cup in 1973-74 season, which was club's first title since 1955-56.

Dan Peterson celebrating the 1976 championship

In the following season, Virtus signed Tom McMillen, a 22-years-old player from Maryland University, who was selected with the 9th overall pick by the Buffalo Braves during the 1974 NBA draft. He signed with the Braves but postponed his entry into the NBA in order to attend the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. McMillen lived and studied in the UK, but he moved to Bologna during the weekends to play basketball.[26] At the end of the season, characterized by outstanding performances by McMillen, the team placed 4th in the national championship and was eliminated at the quarterfinals of the European Cup Winners' Cup.[27]

In 1975, McMillen started his career in the NBA, so Porelli and Peterson signed Terry Driscoll, a former NBA player and 4th overall pick in 1969 draft.[28] Thanks to Driscoll's leadership and the fundamental support of Italian players like Carlo Caglieris, Gianni Bertolotti, Marco Bonamico and Luigi Serafini, Virtus won its seventh national championship, the first one after twenty years.[29][30]

In 1976-77, Virtus ended first in the regular season, however it lost the championship finals against Varese, by 2-0. In the following season, the Black V succeeded in reaching the national finals, but nonetheless it lost 2-1 against Varese again.[31] The team also reached the final of the Cup Winner's Cup, but lost 84-82 against Gabetti Cantù.[32]

In 1978, after two consecutive second places, coach Peterson left the Black V to sign with Virtus historic rival, Olimpia Milan. This move was heavily criticised by Black V's fans, but it was approved by Porelli himself.[33] However, despite the controversies which rose around his farewell, Peterson's legacy was huge: the American coach deeply changed team's organization and contributed in bringing back Virtus to the top of Italian basketball after twenty years of struggles.[34]

1978-1980: Driscoll's back-to-back

After Peterson's departure, Terry Driscoll was appointed new head coach. Porelli signed also Kre?imir ?osi?, one of the best centers in Europe; the team was also composed by great Italian players as Renato Villalta, Carlo Caglieris and the captain Gianni Bertolotti. In the national finals, Virtus faced its former coach, Dan Peterson and his new team, Olimpia. Despite the great expectations around a hard-fought final, the Black V easily won the title in only two games.[35] The team also reached the semifinals of the Cup Winners' Cup, where it was eliminated for only one point by the Dutch EBBC.[32]

In the following season, Porelli signed Jim McMillian, a 1972 NBA champion with the Los Angeles Lakers.[36] McMillian, who was immediately nicknamed by Virtus fans as Il Duca Nero ("The Black Duke"),[37] led the team achieving a back-to-back, winning its ninth titles against Cantù.[38] The team took part also in the European Champions Cup, where it was eliminated in the semifinals group stage.[39]

At the end of the season, Driscoll asked for a renegotiation of his contract, but Porelli did not accept it and fired the American coach, despite the great succeses achieved in only two years.[40]

1980-1988: Champions Cup Final and 10th title

Alberto Bucci and Elvis Rolle, after the 1984 title

At the beginning of the 1980-81 season, Driscoll's assistant, Ettore Zuccheri, became the new head coach, but he was later replaced by Renzo Ranuzzi. The team reached once again the national finals, but it slightly lost the playoff series by 2-1 against Cantù. Returning to the top in Italy, the Black V attempted to become a major team in Europe too, and in 1981, Virtus reached the final of the FIBA European Champions Cup in Strasbourg. However they lost by only one point against Maccabi Tel Aviv, after a very contested game and dubious referees' choices.[41]

After the defeat in the Cup, Porelli sacked Ranuzzi and hired coach Aleksandar Nikoli?, worldwide known as "The Professor". The team was composed also by young and talented Italian players like Roberto Brunamonti and Augusto Binelli. Despite his fame, Nikoli? did not succeed in bringing Virtus back to title, so in 1983, after the brief experiences of George Bisacca and Mauro Di Vincenzo, the 35 years-old Alberto Bucci, from Bologna, became the new head coach. In the same years, the club signed a deal with Granarolo, a milk and dairy prodcution company, which became the new team's sponsor.[42] Virtus ended the regular season second, after Peterson's Olimpia. The two teams faced themselves in a historic final, always remembered as one of the best in Italian basketball history, in which Virtus defeated Olimpia by 2-1, reaching its 10th national title, also known as La Stella ("The Star"), due to the star wich is attributed to teams that manage to win ten national championships.[43] In the same year, the team completed a domestic double by adding a National Cup.[44]

In 1984-85, Virtus reached the semifinal group stage of the Champions Cup, where, however, it was eliminated.[45] After a defeat in the playoffs' quarterfinals against Olimpia, Bucci was sacked and Sandro Gamba became the new coach. Gamba, one of the most successful Italian coaches of all time, did not succeed in winning with Virtus too, exiting in the first round of 1986 playoffs and being eliminated in the quarterfinals of 1987 playoffs.[46] In 1988, Kre?imir ?osi?, a former Virtus star, replaced Gamba. Despite the head coach's change, the team continued collecting poor successes, being ousted in the Kora? Cup's quarterfinals and in the first round of national playoffs.[47]

1988-1991: The "Sugar-mania"

Micheal Ray Richardson, the protagonist of "Sugar-mania", which involved Bologna in the late 1980s

In 1988, Porelli hired Bob Hill, who was New York Knicks' head coach until the previous season. Hill brought in Italy two former NBA players: Micheal Ray Richardson, a NBA All-Star and former player for NY Knicks and New Jersey Nets, who was banned from the NBA for violations of league's drug policy,[48] and Clemon Johnson, 1983 NBA champion with the Philadelphia 76ers, who notable played also for Indiana Pacers and Seattle SuperSonics.[49] At the beginning of the season, Porelli reached an agreement with Knorr, a German food and beverage brand, which became the team's sponsor.[50] In 1988-89 Virtus won its third Italian Cup, but it was defeated in the semifinals for the national championship against Enichem Livorno, coached by Bucci.[51]

Despite the playoffs' elimination, the season was considered a rebirth for Virtus: the national cup was team's first trophy since 1984 and the great performances of Richardson had brought back the passion for basketball in the city. This period became known as "Sugar-mania", from Richardson's historic nickname.[52][53]

In the following summer, Hill surprisingly resigned from his post and his assistant, the 30 years-old Ettore Messina, was appointed new head coach.[54] The Black V won the Italian Cup again and on 13 March 1990 won its first European title, the FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup, the second-tier level European-wide competition, defeating 79-74 the Real Madrid coached by George Karl. The final was characterized by an outstanding performance of Richardson, able of scoring 29 points.[55] However, the team was once again eliminated in national playoffs' quarterfinals against Phonola Caserta.[56]

In 1990-91, Virtus placed third in the regular season but it was once again eliminated in the national semifinals by Caserta.[57] At the end of the season, Richardson was not confirmed and signed for the KK Split, putting an end to a three-year period in which he brought Virtus to win its first European trophy and laid the foundations for club's successes in the following years.[58]

In 1991, after two years of internal struggles within the shareholders' assembly, during which he also briefly lost the control of the society,[59] Porelli sold Virtus to Alfredo Cazzola, a local trade fair entrepreneur.[60] During 23 years of tenure, Porelli won four national titles, four Italian Cups and one Cup Winner's Cup, trasforming a simple basketball section of a sports club into one of the richest and most successful teams in Europe.[61][62]

1991-2000: The Cazzola era

As president, Cazzola brought to Virtus an entrepreneurial mentality, which would be necessary in team's future growth. In the 1991-92 season, the Black V, led by captain Brunamonti and Jure Zdovc, reached the national semifinals, but lost against Scavolini Pesaro, which had already eliminated Virtus in the national cup few months before. The team also lost against the Partizan Belgrade in the Champions Cup's quarterfinals.[63]

1992-1995: Danilovi?'s three-peat

Predrag Danilovi? in 1995. He is considered the greatest player in the history of Virtus

In the summer of 1992, Cazzola signed Predrag Danilovi?, a young Yugoslav player who won the latest Champions Cup with Partizan. Under the strong leadership of Danilovi? and the important support of Brunamonti, Claudio Coldebella, Paolo Moretti, Augusto Binelli and Bill Wennington, the team, coached by Ettore Messina, won its eleventh national championship, defeating 3-0 the Benetton Treviso.[64] However the team was eliminated in the quarterfinals of the Champions Cup by the Real Madrid.

In the following season, Messina became the new coach of Italy's national basketball team and Alberto Bucci, returned to coach Virtus, with whom he had won a national championship in 1984. The team was completed with Cliff Levingston, two-time NBA champion with the Chicago Bulls.[65] In the same year, Cazzola signed a deal with Buckler, a brand of Heineken, which became the new sponsor of the team.[66] In October 1993, Virtus took part to the McDonald's Open in Munich, where it arrived second, after the Phoenix Suns.[67] In May 1994, Virtus won its second consecutive national title, defeating 3-2 Scavolini Pesaro, after a very contested finals. Once again, the Black V was outsted during the Champions Cup's quarterfinals by Olympiacos.[68]

In the 1994-95 season, Joe Binion replaced Levingston, while the rest of the team remained untouched. In May 1995, Virtus won its 13th title, defeating 3-0 Benetton Treviso, accomplishing a so-called "three-peat".[69] However, for the third consecutive times, the team which dominated the Italian league was eliminated at the Champions Cup's quarterfinals, this time by the Panathinaikos.[70]

1995-1997: Transition years and Brunamonti's retirement

After the three-peat, Danilovi? left Virtus for the Miami Heat. Cazzola signed Arijan Komazec, a Croatian shooting guard, and Orlando Woolridge, a long-time NBA player; while young Italian players like Alessandro Abbio became increasingly important. In September 1995, Virtus won its first Italian Supercup against Treviso;[71] while in October, the Black V participated in the McDonald's Championship, arriving second after the Houston Rockets. The team ended the regular season at the first place, but he was eventually eliminated by Olimpia Milan in the playoffs' semifinals. Moreover, the team did not succeeded in passing the second group stage of the Champions Cup.[72]

In 1996, captain Roberto Brunamonti retired from basketball after 14 seasons as a Virtus player.[73] During the summer, the club signed important international players like Zoran Savi? from the Real Madrid and Branislav Prelevi? from the P.A.O.K. BC. Moreover, Kinder, a product brand line of Italian confectionery multinational Ferrero SpA, became the new sponsor of Virtus.[74] On 8 March 1997, coach Bucci was replaced by Lino Frattin, who after a few days, won Black V's fifth Italian Cup against Cantù.[75] The team was eleminanted by Olimpia in the Top 16 of the EuroLeague, the former Champions Cup.[76] In the national playoffs, Virtus was eliminated in the semifinals by the other Bologna's team, Fortitudo Teamsystem, which, after years of poor results, was becoming increasingly competitive.[77]

1997-2000: Danilovi?'s comeback and the first EuroLeague

The 1997-98 team after the EuroLeague victory in Barcelona

In 1997, Roberto Brunamonti became team's general manager,[78] while coach Messina and Sasha Danilovi? returned to Virtus and the team was completed with important international players like Radoslav Nesterovi?, Antoine Rigaudeau, Hugo Sconochini and Alessandro Frosini, as well as with the confirmation of Zoran Savi? and Alessandro Abbio.[79] In the same year, the club moved to PalaMalaguti, an indoor sporting arena in Casalecchio di Reno with a seating capacity of more than 8,000 people, leaving PalaDozza after almost 40 years.[80]

On 23 April 1998, Virtus won its first EuroLeague, defeating 58-44 AEK in Barcelona, with Savi? elected MVP of the Final Four.[44] While on 31 May, Virtus conquered its 14th national title, defeating in Game 5 of the final, Teamsystem Bologna. At twenty seconds from the end of the game, with Fortitudo leading by 4, Danilovi? scored a three-points shot and at the same time suffered a foul by Dominique Wilkins, completing the so-called "four-point shot".[81] Then Virtus won the match in the over time. The 1998 final between Virtus and Fortiudo is widely considered as the greatest one in the history of Italian basketball, with two teams from the same city, which were among the best ones in the continent.[82] During this period, Bologna was nicknamed "Basket City", due to the fame and the victories of town's two teams.[83]

In the following season, Virtus won its 7th Italian Cup in January 1999. The team also defeated Fortitudo 57-62 in a historic EuroLeague's semifinal in Munich, but it lost 82-74 in the final against ?algiris of Tyus Edney and was eliminated in the semifinals for the national championship by Treviso.[84] In 1999-2000 season, the Black V lost the Italian Cup final against Treviso and was defeated 83-76 by AEK Athens, in the Saporta Cup's final in Lausanne.[85] Moreover, Virtus was once again eliminated by Treviso, in the semifinals for the national championship.[86]

In May 2000, Cazzola sold Virtus to Marco Madrigali, a video game entrepreneur, who became the new president of the club.[87] Under Cazzola's presidency, Virtus lived a period which became known as its "Golden Age", in which the Black V won four national titles, two Italian Cups and a EuroLeague, becoming one the most notable and successful teams in Europe.[88]

2000-2003: The Madrigali era

2000-2002: Ginóbili's boom and the second EuroLeague

Virtus in 2000-01 season. The team which was able to win the Triple Crown

In the 2000-01 season, Madrigali and Brunamonti signed important players, like Marko Jari?, Manu Ginóbili, Matja? Smodi?, Rashard Griffith and David Andersen; while at the beginning of the season, Sasha Danilovi? suddenly announced his retirement from basketball.[89] The absence of a strong leader like Danilovi? and the subsequent ban for doping of another historic player like Hugo Sconochini, forced every single player of the team to take more responsibility, but at the same time opened spaces to the immature and talented newcomers, free to show their abilities and experience at a high level.

After a though beginning, the season had a turning point during the Christmas derby against Fortitudo, which was soundly won by the Balck V by 99-62. From then, Virtus started an outstanding season, characterized by an unrepeatable group capable of beating every record and becoming one of the strongest European teams of all time and, according to many, the strongest ever.[90][91] On 28 April 2001, Virtus won its seventh Italian Cup against Pesaro,[92] while on 10 May, the Black V won its second EuroLeague, defeating 3-2 Tau Cerámica, in the first and only series in the history of EuroLeague finals. Manu Ginóbili was elected Finals MVP.[93] On 19 June, Virtus won its 15th national championship, beating Paf Wennington Bologna 3-0,[44][94] while Ginobili was elected Italian League MVP too.[95] After the double in 1997-98, in 2000-01 season, Virtus completed a so-called Triple Crown (known in Italy as Grande Slam), winning all the trophies that it could won.[96]

In the following season, Virtus won its 8th Italian Cup, but after some defeats Madrigali fired Messina. However, after a field invasion by Virtus supporters before a match against Pallacanestro Trieste, Madrigali was forced to re-hire him.[97] Despite this, the team lost 89-83 the EuroLeague final, which was held in PalaMalaguti, against Panathinaikos of Dejan Bodiroga and ?eljko Obradovi?,[98] and was eliminated in the semifinals for the national championship by Benetton Treviso.[99]

2002-2003: Financial problems and interdiction

In 2003, Ginóbili moved to the NBA, where he played for the San Antonio Spurs, and Ettore Messina was hired by Benetton, thus Bogdan Tanjevi? was appointed new head coach.[100] During the summer, due to contrasts with Madrigali, Brunamonti also left the club, after nearly 20 years passed as player and general manager.[101]

After a soundly defeat in Fabriano, Tanjevi? was replaced by Valerio Bianchini, who failed in reaching the playoffs for the first time in Virtus history but succeeded in saving the team from relegation.[102] However, suffering from serious financial problems, mainly caused by the failure of Madrigali's video game company CTO SpA, Virtus was excluded from the Serie A in August 2003, after missing payments to players, first of all the young Slovenian Sani Be?irovi?.[44][103][104]

2003-2013: The Sabatini era

The bankruptcy was avoided thanks to the intervention of a local trade fair entrepreneur, Claudio Sabatini, who transacted all the debts of the club, after agreements with creditors and took over the company from Madrigali.[105] Sabatini acquired also the club Progresso Castelmaggiore, from a small town in Bologna's hinterland, which played in Serie A2 and sponsored the new team with FuturVirtus brand, guaranteeing therefore the continuity of the glorious name "Virtus" despite the exclusion from the championships.[106]

2003-2005: Promotion to Serie A

In 2003-04 season, Sabatini signed important former NBA players like Charles Smith, Vonteego Cummings and Rick Brunson. The team was initially coached by Giampiero Ticchi, who was replaced in November by Alberto Bucci, Black V's historic coach. Despite good premises, FuturVirtus did not reach the promotion in Serie A, losing 3-0 in the final series of playoffs from Aurora Jesi.[107]

During the summer of 2004 the club obtained the re-affiliation to the Italian Basketball Federation and the right to use the name "Virtus Pallacanestro" again. The team was completed, among others, with Corey Brewer, A.J. Guyton and Bennett Davison and was coached by Giordano Consolini, who served as Messina's assistant for years.[108] On 3 June 2005, Virtus returned to the top division, defeating 3-0 the Premiata Montegranaro.[109]

2005-2009: National finals and return to Europe

Travis Best and coach Zare Markovski before a game

In the 2005-06 season, Sabatini hired Zare Markovski from Macedonia as new head coach and signed, among others, David Bluthenthal, Du?an Vuk?evi? and Christian Drejer. Despite a good season's start the team ended 9th, out of the playoffs.[110]

After the end of the season, Bluthenthal, who was Black V's top scorer, went to Fortitudo, while Virtus confirmed Vuk?evi? and Drejer, as well as coach Markovski. Moreover, Sabatini signed Travis Best, a former NBA player for the Indiana Pacers, Brett Blizzard, Guilherme Giovannoni, Vlado Ilievski and Tyrone Grant. The team reached the Italian Cup final, losing against Benetton Treviso and placed second in the regular season, qualifying for the playoffs after a five-year absence. Markovski's team reached the championship finals, but it was defeated 3-0 by Montepaschi Siena.[111] The Black V also reached the EuroCup semifinals, where it was defeated by the Ukrainian team Azovmash Mariupol.[44]

In the following summer, the team was suddenly reshaped and Markovski was fired by Sabatini, whose presidency was characterized by his fickle nature, which led him implementing unexpected and often unpopular choices. The president hired Stefano Pillastrini as new head coach and signed, among others, Alan Anderson, Delonte Holland, Dewarick Spencer and Roberto Chiacig.[112] Virtus participated in the EuroLeague, but arrived last in the Group A, winning only two games out of 14. In January 2008, Pillastrini was fired and Renato Pasquali became the new coach; after few months Sabatini re-signed Travis Best, who led the team to the second consevutive Italian Cup final, lost against Avellino. However, Virtus ended the season at the 16th place.[113]

In 2008-09 season, the team was completely renewed with prominent players like the former NBA player Earl Boykins, Keith Langford, Sharrod Ford and the re-sign of Du?an Vuk?evi?. After few months, coach Pasquali was succeeded by Matteo Boniciolli.[114] On 21 February, Virtus played its third consecutive Italian Cup final, which once again lost against Siena. On 26 April 2009, Virtus won the European third tier trohpy, the EuroChallenge, against Cholet Basket, thanks to 21 points of the Final Four MVP Keith Langford.[115] The team ended the regular season at the 5th place and was eliminated in the first round of national playoffs by Treviso. Boniciolli was immediately fired by president Sabatini and the team was reshaped again during summer.[116]

2009-2013: Swinging seasons

In the following season, Sabatini hired Lino Lardo as head coach and appointed Vuk?evi? as team's captain.[117] He also signed, among others, David Moss, Andre Collins, Petteri Koponen and Viktor Sanikidze. Virtus lost its fourth consecutive Italian Cup final and ended the season 5th, being eliminated 3-2 in the first round of the playoffs by Cantù.[118] In 2010-11, the team was completed with Giuseppe Poeta, Valerio Amoroso, Jared Homan, as well as K.C. Rivers from 2011. The Black V ended the regular season 8th and was eliminated in the first round of the playoffs by Siena.[119]

In 2011-2012, Sabatini hired Alessandro Finelli as new coach and signed important players like Chris Douglas-Roberts, a former NBA players, Terrell McIntyre and Angelo Gigli. In late 2011, Sabatini sold Virtus to a foundation of local entrepreneurs, however he remained as CEO and de facto general manager.[120] At the end of the regular season, the Black V arrived 5th, beign eliminated by Dinamo Sassari, in the first round of the playoffs.[121] In the following season, Virtus signed, among others, Steven Smith, Richard Mason Rocca and Jacob Pullen. During the season, Luca Bechi succeeded Finelli as new head coach.[122] The team ended the season at the 14th place.[123]

2013-2016: Struggles and relegation

After years of poor successes, Sabatini definitively exited from the club and in 2013, Renato Villalta, a former Virtus star, was appointed president.[124] In 2013-14 season, Virtus signed, among others, Matt Waksh, Willie Warren and Shawn King. In January 2014, Bechi was sacked due to poor results, and Giorgio Valli became the new coach.[125] However, the team arrived 13th, out of the playoffs.

In 2014-15 season, Virtus returned to the playoffs, thanks to an outstanding season of its top-scorers Allan Ray, Jeremy Hazell and Okaro White. However, it was eliminated in the first round by Olimpia Milan.

In the following year Villalta was abruptly removed from his post and Bertolini was appointed president by the foundation. After few months, Bertolini was replaced too by Alberto Bucci, the former Virtus coach, who won three national titles with the Black V between 1980s and 1990s. However, the season was characterized by a serious injury to team captain, Allan Ray, and the substitute players signed by the club failed to adequately replace the injured top-player.[126] On 4 May 2016, at the end of the regular season the team ranked 16th and last, therefore it was relegated to Serie A2 Basket for the first time in its history.[127]

2016-present: The Zanetti era

2016-2019: Promotion and return to Europe

The Virtus fans of "Curva Calori" in PalaDozza, 2018

In the summer, president Bucci announced Alessandro Ramagli, as new head coach of Virtus. The club built a good team for the league, led by important players such as Guido Rosselli, Klaudio Ndoja, Michael Umeh and Kenny Lawson. During the season an important change in ownership occurred: the coffee entrepreneur and former politician, Massimo Zanetti, owner of Segafredo, who was also team's sponsor, became a majority shareholder of the club.[128][129] Virtus ended second in the regular season behind Treviso and on 19 June 2017 won the playoffs, beating Trieste by 3-0, thus returning to the top series after only one year. During the playoffs the Black V returned after more than twenty years to Bologna's historic arena, PalaDozza, which became the new official home court in the following season.

In summer 2017, the club signed two of the most prominent Italian players, Pietro Aradori and Alessandro Gentile, as well as two international players like Marcus Slaughter and Oliver Lafayette. Despite good premises, the team was eliminated in the first round of Italian Cup's Final Eight and failed to qualify for the championship playoffs.

Coach ?or?evi? and the team, after winning the 2018-19 Basketball Champions League in Antwerp

The 2018-19 season began with the appointment of Alessandro Dalla Salda as new club's CEO and the hire of Stefano Sacripanti as new head coach. Aradori and Filippo Baldi Rossi were confirmed and the club signed, among others, Tony Taylor, Kevin Punter, Amath M'Baye and Brian Qvale, to participate in the Basketball Champions League, which was Virtus's first European competition after ten years. The team reached a record of seven wins in the first seven games of the continental competition, which had never been achieved before.[130] In March 2019, the team signed Mario Chalmers, two-time NBA champion with the Miami Heat.[131][132] On 9 March, president Alberto Bucci died at 70 years old, due to complications from a cancer.[133][134] On 11 March, after a defeat against Cantù and with Virtus temporarily out of playoffs, the team board sacked Sacripanti and appointed the Serbian Aleksandar ?or?evi? as new head coach.[135] On 4 April, the Black V defeated Nanterre 92, reaching the BCL Final Four in Antwerp,[136] which won on 5 May defeating Iberostar Tenerife 73-61, thanks to an outstanding game by Kevin Punter, who was able to score 26 points and was nominated Final Four MVP.[137] The BCL was the fifth European title in team's history and the first one after ten years.[138]

In July 2019, Virtus opened its women's basketball wing, to participate in the Serie A1 championship.[139] In the same month, Giuseppe Sermasi, a local entrepreneur and former vice president, became Virtus new president, holding the vacant post after Bucci's death, while Luca Baraldi, a prominent manager of Segafredo, was appointed new CEO.[140]

2019-present: Teodosi?'s show

On 13 July, Virtus signed a three-year deal with Milo? Teodosi?, 2016 EuroLeague champion and former NBA player,[141] who was widely considered one of the best European point guard of all time.[142] Among others, the team signed also Vince Hunter, Frank Gaines, Kyle Weems, Julian Gamble, Stefan Markovi? and Giampaolo Ricci.[143] In the 2019-20 season, Virtus played some home games, including the derby against Fortitudo won 94-62, at the Virtus Arena, a temporary indoor arena with a capacity of nearly 9,000 seats, located in the Fiera District.[144][145]

On 7 April 2020, after more than a month of suspension, the Italian Basketball Federation officially ended the 2019-20 season, due to the coronavirus pandemic that severely hit Italy.[146] Virtus ended the season first, with 18 wins and only 2 defeats, but the title was not assigned.[147] On 5 May, the EuroLeague's commissioner Jordi Bertomeu announced the cancellation of the EuroCup season too.[148] Virtus, which had achieved the league's playoffs, was confirmed for the following season.[149]



Since its foundation, Virtus Bologna has changed several home arenas. Each of them was more than just a basketball court, rather a real "house" of the Black V, marking, in the period when they were used, a different era of the long history of society:

Arena Photo Capacity Years Notes
Virtus Bologna Santa Lucia.jpg N/A
Former Catholic church, nowadays it is the auditorium of the University of Bologna
Court of Via Ravone Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna 1945-46.jpg N/A
Outdoor field used after World War II
Sala Borsa Virtus Bologna Sala Borsa.jpg N/A
City's stock exchange, nowadays it is a library
PalaDozza PalaDozza.jpg
c. 7,000
Known as "Sports Hall" until 1966 and nicknamed Il Madison
Unipol Arena Unipol Arena 2014.jpg
Known as "PalaMalaguti" until 2008 and "Futurshow Station" until 2011
PalaDozza Curva Calori PalaDozza.jpg
Virtus Arena Virtus Arena 2019.jpg
Temporary indoor arena located in a fair pavilion within the Fiera District

In 2019, the club has closed a deal to build an NBA-like arena near the fair, not far away from the temporary Virtus Arena.[150]


Domestic competitions

Winners (15): 1945-46, 1946-47, 1947-48, 1948-49, 1954-55, 1955-56, 1975-76, 1978-79, 1979-80, 1983-84, 1992-93, 1993-94, 1994-95, 1997-98, 2000-01
Runners-up (16): 1935-36, 1937-38, 1939-40, 1942-43, 1949-50, 1951-52, 1952-53, 1956-57, 1957-58, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1960-61, 1976-77, 1977-78, 1980-81, 2006-07
Winners (8): 1973-74, 1983-84, 1988-89, 1989-90, 1996-97, 1998-99, 2000-01, 2001-02
Runners-up (6): 1992-93, 1999-00, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10
Winners (1): 1995
Runners-up (7): 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2009, 2010
Winners (1): 2017
Winners (1): 2016-17

European competitions

Winners (2): 1997-98, 2000-01
Runners-up (3): 1980-81, 1998-99, 2001-02
4th place (1): 1979-80
Final Four (3): 1998, 1999, 2002
Winners (1): 1989-90
Runners-up (2): 1977-78, 1999-00
Semifinalists (2): 1978-79, 1981-82
Winners (1): 2018-19
Winners (1): 2008-09

Worldwide competitions

Runners-up (2): 1993, 1995


Winners (1): 2000-01

Season by season

Season Tier League Pos. W-L Italian Cup Other competitions European competitions
2 First Div. 1st
1 Nat. Div. 2nd
1 Nat. Div. 2nd
1936-37 1 Nat. Div. 2nd
1937-38 1 Serie A 2nd
1938-39 1 Serie A 3rd
1939-40 1 Serie A 2nd
1940-41 1 Serie A 6th
1941-42 1 Serie A 3rd
1942-43 1 Serie A 2nd
1945-46 1 Serie A 1st
1946-47 1 Serie A 1st
1947-48 1 Serie A 1st
1948-49 1 Serie A 1st
1949-50 1 Serie A 2nd
1950-51 1 Serie A 3rd
1951-52 1 Serie A 2nd
1952-53 1 Serie A 2nd
1953-54 1 Serie A 3rd
1954-55 1 Serie A 1st
1955-56 1 Elite 1st
1956-57 1 Elite 2nd
1957-58 1 Elite 2nd
1958-59 1 Elite 2nd
1959-60 1 Elite 2nd
1960-61 1 Elite 2nd
1 Champions Cup
1961-62 1 Elite 3rd
1962-63 1 Elite 3rd
1963-64 1 Elite 3rd
1964-65 1 Elite 3rd
1965-66 1 Serie A 4th
1966-67 1 Serie A 6th
1968-69 1 Serie A 3rd
Top 16
1968-69 1 Serie A 10th
1969-70 1 Serie A 7th
1970-71 1 Serie A 10th
Top 16
1971-72 1 Serie A 5th
1972-73 1 Serie A 4th
1973-74 1 Serie A 5th
1974-75 1 Serie A1 4th
2 Cup Winners' Cup
1975-76 1 Serie A1 1st
3 Kora? Cup
1976-77 1 Serie A1 2nd
1 Champions Cup
1977-78 1 Serie A1 2nd
2 Cup Winners' Cup
1978-79 1 Serie A1 1st
2 Cup Winners' Cup
1979-80 1 Serie A1 1st
1 Champions Cup
1980-81 1 Serie A1 2nd
1 Champions Cup
1981-82 1 Serie A1 4th
2 Cup Winners' Cup
1982-83 1 Serie A1 5th
1983-84 1 Serie A1 1st
1984-85 1 Serie A1 7th
Quarterfinalist 1 Champions Cup
1985-86 1 Serie A1 10th
1986-87 1 Serie A1 5th
1987-88 1 Serie A1 9th
Top 16 3 Kora? Cup
1988-89 1 Serie A1 3rd
1989-90 1 Serie A1 5th
Champion 2 Cup Winner's Cup
1990-91 1 Serie A1 3rd
Quarterfinalist 2 Cup Winner's Cup
1991-92 1 Serie A1 4th
Semifinalist 1 EuroLeague
1992-93 1 Serie A1 1st
Runners-up 1 EuroLeague
1993-94 1 Serie A1 1st
Semifinalist 1 EuroLeague
1994-95 1 Serie A1 1st
Quarterfinalist 1 EuroLeague
1995-96 1 Serie A1 3rd
Semifinalist Supercup
1 EuroLeague
1996-97 1 Serie A1 3rd
Champion 1 EuroLeague
1997-98 1 Serie A1 1st
Semifinalist Supercup
1 EuroLeague
1998-99 1 Serie A1 3rd
Champion Supercup
1 EuroLeague
1999-00 1 Serie A1 3rd
Runners-up Supercup
2 Saporta Cup
2000-01 1 Serie A1 1st
Champion Supercup
1 EuroLeague
2001-02 1 Serie A 3rd
Champion Supercup
1 EuroLeague
2002-03 1 Serie A 14th
1 EuroLeague
2003-04 2 Serie A2 3rd
2 ULEB Cup
2004-05 2 Serie A2 2nd
2005-06 1 Serie A 9th
2006-07 1 Serie A 2nd
Runners-up 3 FIBA EuroCup
2007-08 1 Serie A 15th
Runners-up 1 EuroLeague
2008-09 1 Serie A 5th
Runners-up 3 EuroChallenge
2009-10 1 Serie A 5th
Runners-up Supercup
2010-11 1 Serie A 8th
2011-12 1 Serie A 5th
2012-13 1 Serie A 14th
2013-14 1 Serie A 13th
2014-15 1 Serie A 8th
2015-16 1 Serie A 16th
2016-17 2 Serie A2 1st
2017-18 1 LBA 9th
2018-19 1 LBA 11th
Semifinalist 3 Champions League
2019-20 1 LBA 1st
Quarterfinalist Intercontinental 2nd 2 EuroCup N/A

Top performances in European & Worldwide competitions

The road to the European Cup victories


Current roster

Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.

Depth chart

Pos. Starting 5 Bench 1 Bench 2
C Julian Gamble Vince Hunter
PF Giampaolo Ricci Amar Alibegovi? Filippo Baldi Rossi
SF Kyle Weems Stefan Nikoli?
SG Milo? Teodosi?
PG Stefan Markovi? Alessandro Pajola Lorenzo Deri

6+6 format (colours: Italian or homegrown players; foreign players; young players)

Notable players

Retired numbers

Virtus Bologna retired numbers
No Nat. Player Position Tenure
4 Italy Roberto Brunamonti PG 1982-1996
5 Serbia Predrag Danilovi? SG/SF 1992-1995
10 Italy Renato Villalta PF/C 1976-1989

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Famers

FIBA Hall of Famers

Other notable players

Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.

Head coaches

Sponsorship names

Throughout the years, due to sponsorship, the club has been known as :

  • Minganti Bologna (1953-1958)
  • Oransoda Bologna (1958-1960)
  • Idrolitina Bologna (1960-1961)
  • Virtus Bologna (1961-1962)
  • Knorr Bologna (1962-1965)
  • Candy Bologna (1965-1969)
  • Virtus Bologna (1969-1970)
  • Norda Bologna (1970-1974)
  • Sinudyne Bologna (1974-1983)
  • Granarolo Bologna (1983-1986)
  • Dietor Bologna (1986-1988)
  • Knorr Bologna (1988-1993)
  • Buckler Beer Bologna (1993-1996)
  • Kinder Bologna (1996-2002)
  • Virtus Bologna (2002-2003)
  • Carisbo Bologna (2003-2004)
  • Caffè Maxim Bologna (2004-2005)
  • VidiVici Bologna (2005-2007)
  • La Fortezza Bologna (2007-2009)
  • Canadian Solar Bologna (2009-2012)
  • SAIE3 Bologna (2012-2013)
  • Oknoplast Bologna (2013)
  • Granarolo Bologna (2013-2015)
  • Obiettivo Lavoro Bologna (2015-2016)
  • Segafredo Virtus Bologna (2016-present)

Kit manufacturer


  1. ^ Segafredo Virtus Bologna - Eurosport
  2. ^ Virtus pallacanestro Bologna - Palmares,
  3. ^ Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna - Proprietà,
  4. ^ Virtus - Società Educazione Fisica, Storia e Memoria di Bologna
  5. ^ Il mito della "V Nera", Società di Educazione Fisica Virtus
  6. ^ Santa Lucia, Virtuspedia
  7. ^ Moseley, Ray (2004). Mussolini: The Last 600 Days of Il Duce. p. 97. ISBN 9781589790957.
  8. ^ Primo scudetto della Virtus pallacanestro, Biblioteca Salaborsa
  9. ^ Virtus, secondo conflitto mondiale e dopoguerra, BasketCity
  10. ^ Renzo Poluzzi, Virtuspedia
  11. ^ Almanacco illustrato del basket '90. Modena, Panini, 1989
  12. ^ Storia e rivalità del derby d'Italia, domani a Bologna con diretta Rai 2, Baskettissimo
  13. ^ Il Gira seconda squadra bolognese di pallacanestro in serie A, Biblioteca Salaborsa
  14. ^ Champions Cup 1965-66
  15. ^ Tutta la genialità di Tracuzzi in una monografia
  16. ^ Eduardo Kucharski, Virtuspedia
  17. ^ Virtus pallacanestro Bologna - Stagione 1960/1961, Virtuspedia
  18. ^ Mario Alesini, Virtuspedia
  19. ^ Una notte per parlare di Simmenthal e Ignis, Olimpia Milano
  20. ^ Addio a Porelli, anima della Virtus, Corriere di Bologna
  21. ^ Quella volta che l'Avvocato..., la Repubblia di Bologna
  22. ^ Almanacco illustrato del basket '90 Modena, Panini, 1989
  23. ^ Euroleague mourns ULEB founder Gianluigi Porelli.
  24. ^ Classifiche dal 1971 al 1975
  25. ^ Dan Peterson, Virtuspedia
  26. ^ "Aspiring To Higher Things: All-America, Rhodes Scholar, NBA player, Tom McMillen is emulating Bill Bradley. Next, elective office". Sports Illustrated. April 5, 1982. Retrieved 2010.
  27. ^ Centomila canestri - Storia statistica della Virtus Pallacanestro, Renato Lemmi Gigli, La Fotocromo Italiana, 1988
  28. ^ Fairbank, Dave. "Driscoll's Tribe," Daily Press (Newport News, VA), Sunday, February 23, 2003. Retrieved April 27, 2020
  29. ^ Virtus 1975-1976: dopo vent'anni, lo scudetto, BasketCity
  30. ^ LegaBasket, statistiche squadra,
  31. ^ Classifiche dal 1975 al 1980
  32. ^ a b "Saporta Cup (C2)". Retrieved .
  33. ^ Olimpia-Virtus: il derby d'Italia, Olimpia Milano
  34. ^ Le pillole quotidiane di coach Peterson: il rapporto con Gigi Porelli ai tempi della Virtus Bologna, Super Basket
  35. ^ Almanacco Ufficiale del campionato italiano di basket, Libreria dello Sport, 2006
  36. ^ "BATS web - Il Basket del Bats: formazioni del campionato italiano (1976-1980)". Il Basket del Bats. Retrieved 2016.
  37. ^ Basket: addio al Duca Nero Mc Millian: dai Lakers al tricolore con la Virtus, Gazzetta dello Sport
  38. ^ Il mito delle Vu Nere
  39. ^ 1979-80 FIBA European Champions Cup
  40. ^ Terry Driscoll, Virtuspedia
  41. ^ Bonamico, una notte lunga trent'anni. "Così ci tolsero la Coppa Campioni"
  42. ^ Granarolo Felsinea, Virtuspedia
  43. ^ Alla Virtus Granarolo lo "scudetto della stella", Biblitoeca Salaborsa
  44. ^ a b c d e "Virtus VidiVici - Club profile". Euroleague. Retrieved 2015.
  45. ^ 1984-85 FIBA European Champions Cup
  46. ^ Classifiche dal 1985 al 1990
  47. ^ Kre?imir ?osi?, Virtuspedia
  48. ^ Buckland, Jason (July 21, 2015). "Micheal Ray Richardson hopes to return to the NBA" – via Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  49. ^ Cook: Senior class Pitt's Johnson refuses to pout, becomes leader, published February 14, 2002
  50. ^ Knorr, Virtuspedia
  51. ^ LegaBasket - Statistiche di squadra
  52. ^ Sugar - la Giornata Tipo
  53. ^ Il tributo del PalaDozza a Sugar Richardson, BolognaBasket
  54. ^ Bob Hill, Virtuspedia
  55. ^ Michael Ray Richardson, Virtuspedia
  56. ^ Classifica LegaBasket 1989-90
  57. ^ Classifiche dal 1990 al 1995
  58. ^ Sugar e Chalmers, diversamente fenomeni, la Repubblica
  59. ^ Paolo Francia, Virtuspedia
  60. ^ Alfredo Cazzola, Virtuspedia
  61. ^ Provvidenza, Gianfranco Civolani, 2009
  62. ^ Gianluigi Porelli, Dan Peterson, 2009
  63. ^ I canestri si riempiono di soldi, Guido Ercole, La Stampa, Turin, 31 October 1991, p. 31
  64. ^ Predrag Danilovic, Virtuspedia
  65. ^ Cliff Levingston, Virtuspedia
  66. ^ Buckler, Virtuspedia
  67. ^ NBA International Pre-Season and Regular-Season Games, NBA
  68. ^ FIBA Europe 1995,
  69. ^ Mito delle Vu Nere
  70. ^ Lingua Sport,
  71. ^ Tabellino finale della Supercoppa 1995
  72. ^ FIBA Europe 1996,
  73. ^ Roberto Brunamonti, Virtuspedia
  74. ^ Kinder, Virtuspedia
  75. ^ Coppa Italia 1997 - Tabellone del torneo
  76. ^ FIBA Europe 1997,
  77. ^ Classifiche dal 1995 al 2000
  78. ^ Roberto Brunamonit, Virtuspedia
  79. ^ Stagione 1997-98, Virtuspedia
  80. ^ Il palasport di Casalecchio, Virtuspedia
  81. ^ Il tiro da quattro di Sasha Danilovic, LBA
  82. ^ Basket, venti anni fa il tiro impossibile di Danilovic: e la Virtus beffò la Fortitudo, la Repubblica
  83. ^ Basket city, i migliori giocatori della storia della Virtus, Bologna Today
  84. ^ Classifica su LegaBasket
  85. ^ FIBA Europe 1999-2000
  86. ^ Almanacco illustrato del Basket 1991, Panini, 1990
  87. ^ Marco Madrigali, Virtuspedia
  88. ^ Quando Bologna era Basket City
  89. ^ Danilovic dice basta, il basket perde la star, la Repubblica
  90. ^ Le squadre più forti di sempre: la Virtus del Triplete di Messina
  91. ^ Il Grande Slam della Virtus Kinder
  92. ^ Tabellino della finale di Coppa Italia 2001,
  93. ^ Finals, Game 5: Kinder Bologna becomes first champ in last game!, EuroLeague
  94. ^ Virtus, Grande Slam. Lo Scudetto dopo l'Europa
  95. ^ Manu Ginoboli Info Page - Bio Archived 24 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 17 June 2007.
  96. ^ Tre volte Vrtus Bologna: il grande slam del 2001, La Giornata Tipo
  97. ^ Il palasport caccia via Madrigali aggredito deve scappare: mollerà?, la Repubblica
  98. ^ EuroLeague 2001-2001
  99. ^ Classifica 2001-2001, Lega Basket
  100. ^ Bogdan Tanjevic
  101. ^ Non mi basta restare solo per un contratto, Roberto Brunamonti, Virtuspedia
  102. ^ Valerio Bianchini, Virtuspedia
  103. ^ "Virtus Bologna is no more."La Gazzetta dello Sport, Roma, 4 August 2003. Retrieved on 3 June 2015.(in Italian)
  104. ^ "Virtus is out, Messina retaken.", Messaggero Veneto - Giornale del Friuli via Lega Basket, 1 September 2003. Retrieved on 3 June 2015.(in Italian)
  105. ^ La Virtus è di Sabatini, Gazzetta dello Sport
  106. ^ Claudio Sabatini, Virtuspedia
  107. ^ Classifiche, risultati e statistiche sulla stagione 2003-04, LegaDue
  108. ^ Giordano Consolini, Virtuspedia
  109. ^ La Virtus Bologna torna in A, Gazzetta dello Sport
  110. ^ Classifica 2005-06 su LegaBasket
  111. ^ Risultati 2006-07 su LegaBasket
  112. ^ LegaBasket - Statistiche squadra
  113. ^ Classifica 2007-08 su LegaBasket
  114. ^ Matteo Bonicciolli, Virtuspedia
  115. ^ "Virtus BolognaFiere beat brave Cholet". FIBA Europe. 26 April 2009. Retrieved 2015.
  116. ^ Rivoluzione Virtus: Sabatini caccia tutti, Corriere di Bologna
  117. ^ Dusan Vukcevic, Virtuspedia
  118. ^ Risultati su LegaBasket
  119. ^ Risultati su LegaBasket
  120. ^ Virtus, Sabatini parla con 2 imprenditori «Tra 7 giorni lo statuto della fondazione», Corriere di Bologna
  121. ^ Risultati su LegaBasket
  122. ^ Luca Bechi, Virtuspedia
  123. ^ Classifica 2012-13 su LegaBasket
  124. ^ Virtus Bologna, Renato Villalta accetta l'incarico di Presidente
  125. ^ Giorgio Valli, Virtuspedia
  126. ^ "Obiettivo Lavoro e Virtus: facciamo squadra insieme" [Obiettivo Lavora and Virtus: we form a team together]. Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna (in Italian). 18 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  127. ^ "Virtus Bologna relegated for the first time". Eurohoops. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  128. ^ Zanetti conquista la Virtus. È il primo socio con il 40%
  129. ^ Zanetti conquista la Virtus
  130. ^ La Virtus Bologna supera anche Strasburgo ed è imbattuta! Colpo di Avellino che sbanca Le Mans
  131. ^ Basket, la Virtus chiama Chalmers, due titoli Nba a Miami insieme a LeBron
  132. ^ "Virtus Bologna announces signing of Mario Chalmers". Sportando.Basketball. March 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  133. ^ "Basket, morto Alberto Bucci, storico coach delle V nere" [Basketball, Alberto Bucci died, historical coach of the black Vs]. (in Italian). 9 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  134. ^ Il basket piange Bucci: muore a 70 anni il coach della stella delle V nere
  135. ^ Basket, Serie A: Ribaltone Virtus, via Sacripanti, il coach è Djordjevic
  136. ^ Basket, Champions League: Virtus Bologna qualificata alle Final Four
  137. ^ Finale a suon di triple: Kevin Punter vince il premio di MVP
  138. ^ La Virtus Bologna conquista la Champions League: Tenerife ko in finale 73-61
  139. ^ Bologna ora ha anche le donne in A-1: obiettivo salvezza, poi le ambizioni
  140. ^ Nuovo CdA Virtus Bologna: Sermasi presidente, Baraldi amministratore delegato
  141. ^ "Milos Teodosic officially signs with Virtus Bologna". July 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  142. ^ Virtus Bologna, colpo da Eurolega: arriva Teodosic!, Gazzetta dello Sport
  143. ^ Serie A, i roster completi della stagione 2019/2020, Sportando
  144. ^ Virtus Bologna, Baraldi: "Siamo alla pari con Milano, esordio in Fiera con Treviso", Basket Universo
  145. ^ Virtus Segafredo Arena: palazzo temporaneo da 8.970 posti, Sportando
  146. ^ Italian Basketball Federation officially ends LBA 2019-20 season, Sportando
  147. ^ Italian Basketball president Petrucci announces that LBA title won't be assigned, Sportando
  148. ^ Basketball's EuroLeague cancels season because of virus, Washington Post
  149. ^ EuroCup 2020-2021: garantito un posto a Virtus Bologna e Reyer Venezia, Sportando
  150. ^ Un'arena da 16mila posti, ecco l'alba della nuova Virtus, Corriere di Bologna
  151. ^ "Kre?imir ?osi?". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  152. ^ Kresimir Cosic, FIBA Hall of Famers
  153. ^ "". Retrieved 2019.
  154. ^ Virtus Segafredo-Ambalt Recanati,, Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  1. ^ White and black are the official colors of Virtus. Red is used for sponsorship reasons after the agreement with Segafredo Zanetti.
  2. ^ Majority Shareholder

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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