Villingen-Schwenningen
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Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
View of Villingen
View of Villingen
Coat of arms of Villingen-Schwenningen
Coat of arms
Location of Villingen-Schwenningen within Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis district
SwitzerlandBreisgau-HochschwarzwaldEmmendingen (district)Konstanz (district)Tuttlingen (district)Waldshut (district)OrtenaukreisRottweil (district)Bad DürrheimBlumbergBräunlingenBräunlingenBrigachtalDauchingenDonaueschingenFurtwangen im SchwarzwaldGütenbachHüfingenHüfingenKönigsfeld im SchwarzwaldMönchweilerNiedereschachSankt Georgen im SchwarzwaldSchönwald im SchwarzwaldSchonach im SchwarzwaldTuningenTriberg im SchwarzwaldUnterkirnachUnterkirnachUnterkirnachVillingen-SchwenningenVillingen-SchwenningenVillingen-SchwenningenVöhrenbachVillingen-Schwenningen in VS.svg
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Villingen-Schwenningen is located in Germany
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Villingen-Schwenningen
Villingen-Schwenningen
Coordinates: 48°03?37?N 08°27?31?E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861Coordinates: 48°03?37?N 08°27?31?E / 48.06028°N 8.45861°E / 48.06028; 8.45861
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictSchwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
SubdivisionsStadtbezirk
Government
 o MayorJürgen Roth (CDU)
Area
 o Total165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)
Elevation
704 m (2,310 ft)
Population
(2019-12-31)[1]
 o Total85,707
 o Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
78001-78056
Dialling codes07721, 07720, 07425, 07705
Vehicle registrationVS
Websitewww.villingen-schwenningen.de

Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: ['f?ln '?v?nn]; Low Alemannic: Villinge-Schwenninge) is a town in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 85,838 inhabitants (as of September 2019).[2]

History

Villingen

In the Middle Ages, Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by Marshal of France Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard on 17 July 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.

Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858 the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since. The town styled itself "the greatest watch city in the world"[3] at one time, and the Kienzle Uhren watchmaking company was founded there in 1822 and remained until moving to Hamburg in 2002. The Museum of Clockmaking celebrates the town's clock and watchmaking history.

As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct. Villingen is a former part of Baden, while Schwenningen is a former part of Württemberg.

Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Narro, Suribbel.

Since 1904, Villingen-Schwenningen has also been home to the ice hockey team the Schwenninger Wild Wings which competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Schwenningen - Janusz-Korczak-school
Villingen Romäus tower
Münster Villingen West side
Villingen-Schwenningen Watch factory Bürk Museum of watch industry

Geography

Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos) whereas Villingen is traversed by the river Brigach which is the longer one of the two headstreams of the Danube.

Boroughs

  • Villingen
  • Schwenningen
  • Obereschach
  • Weilersbach
  • Weigheim
  • Mühlhausen
  • Marbach
  • Rietheim
  • Pfaffenweiler
  • Herzogenweiler
  • Tannheim

Mayors and Lord mayors of Villingen

  • 1912-1930: Guido Lehmann
  • 1931-1933: Adolf Gremmelspacher
  • 1933: Gutmann, temporary
  • 1933-1937: Hermann Schneider
  • 1937-1940: Karl Berckmüller
  • 1940-1945: Hermann Riedel
  • 1945-1946: Walter Bräunlich
  • 1946: Edwin Hartmann
  • 1946-1950: Edwin Nägele
  • 1950-1972: Severin Kern

Mayors and Lord mayors of Schwenningen

  • 1797-1816: Erhard Bürk
  • 1816-1819: (Vogt)
  • 1819-1821: Thomas Wegler
  • 1821-1825: ?
  • 1825-1835: Matthias Rapp
  • 1835-1841: Johann Georg Koch
  • 1841-1852: Andreas Bürk
  • 1852-1857: Christian Strohm
  • 1857-1887: Erhard Müller
  • 1887-1912: David Würth
  • 1912-1925: Emil Braunagel
  • 1925-1930: Ingo Lang von Langen
  • 1930-1948: Otto Gönnenwein
  • 1949-1962: Hans Kohler
  • 1962-1972: Gerhard Gebauer

Lord mayors of Villingen-Schwenningen

  • 1972-1994: Gerhard Gebauer (SPD)
  • 1994-2002: Manfred Matusza (CDU)
  • 2002-2019: Rupert Kubon (SPD)
  • since 2019: Jürgen Roth (CDU)

Population

Number of inhabitants

Date Inhabitants
31 December 1972 78,436
31 December 1980 78,904
31 December 1990 78,218
31 December 1995 80,734
31 December 2005 81,778
31 December 2015 84,674
31 December 2017 84,818
31 December 2018 85,181

Source: State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg

Largest communities of foreigners

Main sights

Twin towns - sister cities

Villingen-Schwenningen is twinned with:[4]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ Villingen-Schwenningen, Stadt. "Zahlen, Daten, Fakten - Villingen-Schwenningen". www.villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Villingen-Schwenningen - Watch Wiki: The Best Watches and Watch Brands". www.watch-wiki.net. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Partnerschaften". villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Villingen-Schwenningen. Retrieved .

External links


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Villingen-Schwenningen
 



 



 
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