Vidhan Sabha
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Vidhan Sabha

The State Legislative Assembly (Hindi: Vidhan Sabha) is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India. In the 22 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council. 5 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the ruling majority party or coalition.[1]

Qualifications required to become an MLA

To become a Member of a State Legislative Assembly (MLA), a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, should be mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her.

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Special powers of the State Legislative Assembly

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative Council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of State Legislative Assemblies

State Legislative Assembly
(Vidhan Sabha)
Image List of constituencies Seat/state capital Number of constituencies Ruling party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg List Amaravati 175 YSR Congress Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly Vidhan-sabha-bihar.jpg List Patna 243 Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List Naya Raipur 90 Indian National Congress
Delhi Legislative Assembly List New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly India Goa Assembly.jpg List Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly SACHIVALAY PANORAMA.jpg List Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly Secretariat Chandigarh.jpg List Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List 68 Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List 92+ N/A
(President's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List Ranchi 81 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Karnataka Legislative Assembly Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg List 224 Bharatiya Janata Party
Kerala Legislative Assembly Niyamasabha Mandiram.JPG List Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Vidhan Bhavan1.jpg List 288 Shiv Sena
Manipur Legislative Assembly List Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List Shillong 60 National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly Mizoram Assembly House.jpg List Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly ORISSA SECRETARIAT.jpg List Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly Pondicherry Legislative Assembly.jpg List Puducherry 33? Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly Assembly 09.jpg List Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress
Sikkim Legislative Assembly Sikkim legislative Assembly.jpg List Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Fort St. George, Chennai 3.jpg List Chennai 234 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly Ujjayanta palace Tripura State Museum Agartala India.jpg List Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg List Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List 70 Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly West Bengal State Legislative Assembly House, Kolkata.jpg List Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress
Total -- -- 4,128[2] --

State Legislative Assemblies by ruling parties

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Abolished State Legislative Assemblies

State Legislative Assembly
(Vidhan Sabha)
Seat/state capital Year established Year abolished Notes
Bombay Legislative Assembly Bombay 1937 1960 abolished by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Coorg Legislative Assembly Mercara 1950 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Patiala and East Punjab States Union Legislative Assembly Patiala 1950 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

Notes

  • + - In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. In addition to that, twenty-four more seats are reserved for the representatives from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • ? - In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Legislative Assemblies" (PDF). www.india.gov.in. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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