Veterans Committee
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Veterans Committee
Plaque for Harry Wright, one of the first selections by the Veterans Committee, at the Hall of Fame

The Veterans Committee is the popular name of various committees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum that elect participants other than recently retired players.

Originally, it referenced the National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee to Consider Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players;[1] a former voting committee of the Baseball Hall of Fame that provided an opportunity for Hall of Fame enshrinement to all individuals who are eligible for induction but ineligible for consideration by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The term "Veterans Committee" is taken from the body's former official name: National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee on Baseball Veterans (1953).

In July 2010, the Veterans Committee name was changed by the Hall of Fame's board of directors and its name was no longer officially used by the Hall of Fame, which established three 16-member voting committees by era, although the term "Veterans Committee" remains in use by some sports media:[2]

Those three committees met on a rotating cycle once every three years to elect candidates from each era to the Hall of Fame that were identified (nominated) by a BBWAA-appointed screening group named the Historical Overview Committee, consisting of 10 to 12 representative BBWAA members. In 2010, 2011, and 2012, the three separate era committees had been responsible for considering a total of thirty-two candidates from three eras in the following categories: managers, umpires, executives (includes team owners, general managers, and major league officials), and long-retired players.

In July 2016, the Hall of Fame announced a restructuring of the timeframes to be considered, with a much greater emphasis on modern eras, establishing four committees. Those major league players, managers, umpires and executives who excelled before 1950, as well Negro league baseball stars, will still have an opportunity to have their careers reviewed, but with less frequency.[6]

  • Today's Game (1988-present)
  • Modern Baseball (1970-1987)
  • Golden Days (1950-1969)
  • Early Baseball (1871-1949)

History

Kenesaw Mountain Landis (center), with Babe Ruth (left) and Bob Meusel

The Veterans Committee can be traced back to 1939 when Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis formed the Old-Timers Committee to put players from the 19th century in the Hall of Fame. In 1939, the committee selected five players. In 1944, after Landis' death, they put him in the Hall. After Landis, they put twenty-three additional players in the Hall.

In 1953, the Veterans Committee met for the first time under the name Committee on Baseball Veterans. With eleven members, they elected six players in their first vote in 1953. Starting in 1955, they would meet to elect up to two players in odd-numbered years.

In 1959, Lee Allen succeeded Ernest Lanigan as Hall of Fame historian. According to Bill James, Paul Kerr would generally convince the Veterans Committee to select those Lee Allen had suggested to him, until Allen's death in 1969.

In 1961, the Veterans Committee was expanded from eleven members to twelve.

In 1962, the Veterans Committee went back to annual elections to the Hall of Fame, with the continued mandate to elect up to two players a year.

In 1971, the Veterans Committee made seven selections, the largest class the Veterans Committee ever chose in its history since 1953. Partly in response to such a large class, the Veterans Committee was then limited to selecting two players and one non-player every year.

Frankie Frisch as a player, c.1919

The Hall of Fame suffered in the 1970s, when Frankie Frisch was a major voice on the committee.[according to whom?] The old Hall of Famer, backed by former teammate Bill Terry and sportswriters J. Roy Stockton and Fred Lieb, who covered Frisch's teams, managed to get five of his teammates elected to the Hall by the committee. Additionally, in the three years after his death, two more teammates were elected. After Frisch died and Terry left the Committee, elections were normalized.

After the 1977 election, the Veterans Committee was limited to two selections overall per year.

In 1978, membership increased to fifteen members, five Hall of Famers, five owners and executives, and five sportswriters. The members would meet in Florida during spring training to elect a player or two every year.

The Veterans Committee mandate of up to two players was increased briefly from 1995 to 2001. In these years, the committee could elect one extra player from the Negro leagues and one from the 19th century in addition to the two regular players.

Starting in 1995, the Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to elect as many as two executives, managers, umpires, and older major league players--the categories considered in all its meetings since 1953. By a new arrangement it separately considered candidates from the Negro leagues and from the 19th century with authority to select one from each of those, via two special ballots. The older players eligible were those with ten major league seasons beginning 1946 or earlier; those who received at least 100 votes from the BBWAA in some election up to 1992; and those who received at least 60% support in some election beginning 1993. Players on Major League Baseball's ineligible list cannot be elected. The committee can elect up to four people each year.

Bill Mazeroski was elected by the Veterans Committee in 2001

During much of its existence, the Veterans Committee consisted of fifteen members selected by the Hall of Fame for defined terms. A six-man subcommittee of this group met as a screening committee to determine who would be on the ballot. The committee met annually to consider candidates in four separate categories: players, managers, umpires, and executives. The Veterans Committee met privately, and its ballots and voting results were generally not revealed prior to 2003. From the mid-1970s until 2001, the top candidate in each category was elected to the Hall of Fame if he earned at least 75% of the committee's votes.

The Board of Directors reformed the system radically with new rules enacted in August 2001. Formerly, 15 members were appointed to limited terms; the new Veterans Committee would comprise all living members of the Hall, plus recipients of the Spink and Frick awards to writers and broadcasters. In particular, the new members were 61 living Hall of Famers, 13 living recipients of the J. G. Taylor Spink Award, 13 living recipients of the Ford C. Frick Award, and three members of the previous committee with terms that had not yet expired. Elections for players retired more than 20 years would be held every other year and elections for (managers, umpires and executives) would be held every fourth year. The first cycle for both categories would be in 2002 and 2003 for induction in 2003.

Revisions to the voting process

2001 revisions

In 2001, the Hall of Fame radically changed the composition and election procedures for the Veterans Committee, which was revised to consist of:

All members of the former Veterans Committee remained active until the expiration of their terms. Only two were on the committee for the 2003 election, the first under the new election procedures. Only one of the former Veterans Committee members (John McHale) remained on the committee for the 2005 and 2007 elections, and his term expired immediately after the 2007 election.

The election procedures instituted in 2003 are listed below. The procedures were changed again in 2007. Rules, and portions thereof, that changed in 2007 are indicated in italics.

  • Elections for players would now be held every two years, starting in 2003.
  • Managers, umpires, and executives would be elected from a single composite ballot every four years, starting in 2003.
  • The Historical Overview Committee, a ten-member panel appointed by the secretary-treasurer of the Baseball Writers' Association of America, created an initial list of figures from whom both ballots would be created. At this point, the players' ballot consisted of 200 players.
  • Ballots were screened by two groups - a sixty-member panel drawn from the membership of the BBWAA, and a panel of six living Hall of Famers selected by the Hall of Fame Board. The Hall of Famer panel selected five players for the players' ballot, and the BBWAA panel selected twenty-five players for the players' ballot, as well as all candidates for the composite ballot.
  • The selections of the Hall of Famer and BBWAA panels were then merged, creating a single players' ballot. Players chosen on both ballots appeared only once on this ballot, which now contained a minimum of twenty-five and a maximum of thirty players.
  • The players' ballot and composite ballot (fifteen candidates) are made public before voting.
  • Balloting is held by mail, with a stated deadline.
  • The Veterans Committee vote is made public after voting.
  • All candidates who receive 75% or more of the vote are elected; election is no longer restricted to only the top vote-getter.
  • Every player with ten or more years of major-league experience who has not been active in the previous twenty years, and is not on Major League Baseball's ineligible list, is eligible for Veterans Committee consideration. In the past, players who did not receive a certain percentage of the votes on a BBWAA ballot were permanently ineligible for Hall of Fame consideration.

Using these procedures, no one was elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 2003, 2005, or 2007.

2007 revisions

Following the 2007 elections, the makeup of the committee was again changed, and several procedures were also modified:[7]

Changes affecting all elections
  • The Historical Overview Committee will continue to formulate the players and managers/umpires ballots, but it will now present a players' ballot of only twenty players and a managers/umpires ballot of only ten figures. The executives ballot, consisting of ten individuals, will be formulated by the voting body for that ballot.
Changes affecting player elections
  • The players ballot is now restricted to players whose careers began in 1943 or later.
  • Voting for the players ballot is now restricted to Hall of Fame members. Winners of the Frick and Spink Awards are considered "honorees" and are thus ineligible to vote on the main players ballot.
  • The list of those eligible for the players ballot will be separately reviewed by a six-member panel of Hall of Famers, which will select five players for the ballot.
  • Next, all living Hall of Famers are invited to a meeting at the Hall of Fame during induction weekend. The Hall of Famers who are present at this meeting will narrow the list to a final ballot of 10 players.
  • The final players ballot is sent to all living Hall of Famers, who can vote for as many as four individuals.
Pre-World War II players
  • Players whose careers began before 1943 are now considered every five years by a committee of twelve Hall of Famers, writers, and baseball historians, to be chosen by the Hall of Fame Board. The first election of pre-World War II players was conducted in 2009.
Changes affecting non-player elections
  • The composite ballot will be split into two separate ballots, one for managers and umpires and the other for executives.
  • Voting on the managers/umpires and executives ballots will now be conducted for induction in even-numbered years, starting with the class of 2008.
  • The voting body for the managers/umpires ballot will be a sixteen-member body of Hall of Famers, executives, and media veterans appointed by the Hall of Fame Board.
  • The voting body for the executives ballot will be a separate twelve-member body of Hall of Famers, executives, and media veterans appointed by the Hall of Fame Board.
  • Each ballot is presented to the applicable voting board. As is the case for the players' ballot, each voter can choose as many as four individuals.

The threshold for induction remained at 75% of all who voted on the appropriate ballot. In the first election held under the new rules, two managers and three executives were elected in December 2007 as part of the 2008 election process.

2010 revisions

The Hall announced a new Veterans Committee voting process on June 26, 2010, effective with the 2011 election process that began late in 2010. The two biggest changes are:[8]

  • Managers, umpires, executives, and players will now be considered on a single ballot.
  • Living Hall of Fame members will no longer constitute a single electoral body. Instead, separate 16-member subcommittees will be created to vote on individuals from different eras of baseball.

Candidates will be classified by the time-periods that cover their greatest contributions:

  • Pre-Integration Era (1871-1946)
  • Golden Era (1947-1972)
  • Expansion Era (1973 and later)

Candidates from each era will be considered every third year, starting with the Expansion Era in the 2011 election (December 2010, 2013), followed by the Golden Era (December 2011, 2014) and then by the Pre-Integration Era (December 2012, 2015).

The existing Historical Overview Committee will formulate each ballot for release in the October or November before the next planned induction ceremony. The Expansion Era ballot will include 12 candidates, while the other two ballots will include ten each. The Hall's Board of Directors will select sixteen-member committees for each era, made up of Hall of Famers, executives, baseball historians, and media members. Each committee will convene at the Winter Meetings in December to consider and vote on candidates from its assigned era. As before, the threshold of induction will remain at 75% of those voting.[8]

2016 revisions

On July 23, 2016, the Hall of Fame announced changes to the Era Committee system. Highlighting these changes is a restructuring of the timeframes to be considered, with a much greater emphasis on modern eras. Additionally, those major league players, managers, umpires and executives who excelled before 1950, as well Negro Leagues stars, will still have an opportunity to have their careers reviewed, but with less frequency.[6]

Separate 16-member subcommittees will continue to vote on individuals from different eras of baseball, with candidates still being classified by the time-periods that cover their greatest contributions:

  • Early Baseball (1871-1949)
  • Golden Days (1950-1969)
  • Modern Baseball (1970-1987)
  • Today's Game (1988 and later)

All committees' ballots will include ten candidates. Whilst there was previously a one-year waiting period after elimination from annual BBWAA consideration, there will now be no waiting period (for example, if a player was eliminated from BBWAA consideration, and some Hall of Fame members believe such player should be considered by the respective committee, they can be nominated on the next ballot of the era in question). The Today's Game and Modern Baseball committees will convene twice every 5 years, the Golden Days committee once every 5 years, and the Early Baseball committee once every 10 years.[6]

Eras are considered on the following schedule, as part of the elections for the next calendar year (e.g. 2016 balloting is part of 2017 elections and induction):

Meeting
year
Induction
year
Era Committee(s)
meeting
2016 2017 Today's Game
2017 2018 Modern Baseball
2018 2019 Today's Game
2019 2020 Modern Baseball
2020 2021 Golden Days, Early Baseball
2021 2022 Today's Game
2022 2023 Modern Baseball
2023 2024 Today's Game
2024 2025 Modern Baseball
2025 2026 Golden Days
2026 2027 TBA
2027 2028
2028 2029
2029 2030
2030 2031 Early Baseball

The criteria for committee eligibility differ for players, managers, and executives.[9]

  • Players: Must be retired for at least 15 seasons. This means that no player will be eligible for committee consideration until a minimum of 10 years after he first becomes eligible to appear on the BBWAA ballot, regardless of whether or not he appears on a ballot.
    • The Hall has not yet established a policy on the timing of eligibility for committee consideration for players who die while active or during the standard 5-year waiting period for BBWAA eligibility. In these instances, the standard waiting period for BBWAA eligibility of 5 years from retirement is shortened to 6 months from death.
  • Managers and umpires: Must have at least 10 years of service in that role, and either be (1) retired for at least 5 years or (2) at least age 65 and retired for 6 months.
  • Executives: Must be retired for at least 5 years, or be at least age 70. Executives who meet the age cutoff will be considered regardless of their positions in an organization or their currently active statuses. Previously, active executives 65 years or older were eligible for consideration.[6]

Potential future candidates

Potential candidates for future ballots may include:

Today's Game (1988-present)

Players: Albert Belle (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Will Clark (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Orel Hershiser (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Joe Carter (on 2019 ballot), Mark McGwire (on 2017 ballot), Rick Aguilera, Kevin Appier, Kevin Brown, David Cone, Chuck Finley, John Franco, Dwight Gooden, Pat Hentgen, Jimmy Key, Mark Langston, Al Leiter, Dennis Martinez, Randy Myers, Brad Radke, Jose Rijo, Bret Saberhagen, Dave Stieb, Fernando Valenzuela, John Wetteland, Darren Daulton, Javy Lopez, Andres Galarraga, Mark Grace, Fred McGriff, John Olerud, Rafael Palmeiro, Mo Vaughn, Chuck Knoblauch, Tony Phillips, Edgardo Alfonzo, Robin Ventura, Matt Williams, Dante Bichette, Ellis Burks, Brett Butler, Jose Canseco, Juan Gonzalez, Brian Jordan, Ray Lankford, Kenny Lofton, Willie McGee, Tim Salmon, David Wells, Devon White & Bernie Williams [10]; Managers: Davey Johnson (on 2008, 2017 & 2019 ballots), Charlie Manuel (on 2019 ballot), Lou Pinella (2017 w/ 7 votes & 2019 ballots w/ 11 ballots), Felipe Alou, Dusty Baker, Bruce Bochy, Roger Craig, Art Howe, Jim Leyland, Mike Hargrove, Johnny Oates, Buck Showalter, Bobby Valentine [11]; General Managers: Dave Dombrowski, John Hart, Dan O'Dowd[12]; Owners: George Steinbrenner (on 2011, 2014, 2017 & 2019 ballots); George W. Bush Other Executives: Bill White (on 2007 w/ 24 votes & 2010 ballots); Umpires: Joe Brinkman, Derryl Cousins, Jerry Crawford, Bob Davidson, Tim McClelland, Ed Montague, Rich Garcia, Mike Reilly, & Tim Welke [13]; [14]

Players Moises Alou, Luis Gonzalez, Carlos Delgado, Troy Percival, Jim Edmonds, Nomar Garciaparra, Jason Kendall, Jorge Posada, Magglio Ordonez, Edgar Renteria, Johan Santana, Johnny Damon, Miguel Tejada, Lance Berkman, Michael Young, & Roy Oswalt will not be eligible for the 2022 Today's Game Ballot as they will not have been retired for 15 years. Manager Mike Scioscia will not be eligible for the 2022 Today's Game Ballot, as Scioscia will not have been retired for 5 seasons or have turned 65 until after the next Today's Game ballot. Player Larry Walker may or may not be on the next Today's Game Ballot depending upon if he is elected in his final season on the BBWAA ballot.

Modern Baseball (1970-1987)

Players: Steve Garvey (on 2011, 2014, 2018 & 2020 ballots), Tommy John (on 2011, 2014, 2018 & 2020 ballots), Don Mattingly (on 2018 & 2020 ballots), Dale Murphy (on 2018 & 2020 ballots), Dave Parker (on 2014, 2018 & 2020 ballots), Ted Simmons (on 2011, 2014, 2018 w/ 11 votes & 2020 ballots), Dwight Evans (on 2020 ballot), Thurman Munson (on 2007 w/ 6 votes & 2020 ballots), Lou Whitaker (on 2020 ballot), Luis Tiant (on 2007 w/ 15 votes, 2009 w/ 13 votes, 2012, 2015 & 2018 ballots), Jim Kaat (on 2007 ballot w/ 52 votes, 2009 w/ 38 votes, 2012 w/ 10 votes & 2015 ballot w/ 10 votes), Dave Concepcion (on 2011 w/ 8 votes & 2014 ballots), Dan Quisenberry (on 2014 ballot), Vida Blue (on 2011 ballot), Ron Guidry (on 2011 ballot), Al Oliver (on 2007 w/ 14 votes, 2009 w/ 9 votes & 2011 ballots), Rusty Staub (on 2011 ballot), Mickey Lolich (on 2007 ballot w/ 8 votes), Sparky Lyle (on 2007 ballot w/ 6 votes), Bobby Bonds (on 2007 ballot w/ 1 vote), John Hiller, Ken Holtzman, Burt Hooton, Jerry Koosman, Mike Marshall, Tug McGraw, Andy Messersmith, Jeff Reardon, Rick Reuschel, Steve Rogers, Paul Splittorff, Dave Stewart, Frank Tanana, Mike Torrez, Frank Viola, Wilbur Wood, Bob Boone, Lance Parrish, Jim Sundberg, Gene Tenace, Cecil Cooper, Keith Hernandez, Lee May, George Scott, Bobby Grich, Mark Belanger, Larry Bowa, Bert Campaneris, Bucky Dent, Don Kessinger, Rico Petrocelli, Willie Randolph, Sal Bando, Buddy Bell, Ron Cey, Darrell Evans, Toby Harrah, Richie Hebner, Graig Nettles, Jeff Burroughs, Cesar Cedeno, Jack Clark, José Cruz, Brian Downing, George Foster, Oscar Gamble, Kirk Gibson, Willie Horton, Chet Lemon, Greg Luzinski, Fred Lynn, Rick Monday, Bobby Murcer, Amos Otis, Lou Pinella, Mickey Rivers, Ken Singleton, Reggie Smith, Bob Watson, & Frank White [15]; Managers: Billy Martin (on 2007 w/ 12 votes, 2008, 2010 & 2014 ballots), Gene Mauch (on 2008 & 2010 ballots), Tom Kelly (on 2010 ballot), Jim Fregosi, Ralph Houk, Dick Howser, Jack McKeon, John McNamara, Chuck Tanner, Don Zimmer [16]; General Managers: Bob Howsam (on 2008 w/ 3 votes, 2010, & 2015 ballots), Harry Dalton (on 2007 ballot w/ 8 votes), Frank Cashen, Al Campanis, Paul Owens, Cedric Tallis [17]; Owners: Charlie O. Finley (on 2007 w/ 10 votes & 2012 ballots), Gene Autry (on 2010 ballot) Ewing Kauffman (on 2008 w/ 5 votes & 2010 ballots w/ 6 votes), John Fetzer (on 2008 ballot w/ 4 votes), Charles Bronfman, Peter O'Malley; Other Executives: Marvin Miller (on 2007 w/ 51 votes, 2008 w/ 3 votes, 2010 w/ 7 votes, 2011 w/ 11 votes, 2014, 2018 w/ 7 votes, & 2020 ballots); Umpires: Larry Barnett, Jim Evans, Bruce Froemming, Larry McCoy, John McSherry, Steve Palermo, Dave Phillips, Harry Wendelstedt, Lee Weyer [18]; [19]

Golden Days (1950-1969)

Players: Dick Allen (on 2007 w/ 9 votes, 2009 w/ 7 votes, 2015 ballot w/ 11 votes), Tony Oliva (on 2007 w/ 47 votes, 2009 w/ 33 votes, 2012 w/ 8 votes & 2015 ballots w/ 11 votes), Maury Wills (on 2007 w/ 33 votes, 2009 w/ 15 votes, 2015 ballot w/ 9 votes), Minnie Minoso (on 2007 w/ 12 votes, 2012 w/ 9 votes & 2015 ballots w/ 8 votes), Ken Boyer (on 2007 w/ 9 votes, 2012 & 2015 ballots), Gil Hodges (on 2007 w/ 50 votes, 2009 w/ 28 votes, 2012 w/ 9 votes & 2015 ballots), Billy Pierce (on 2015 ballot), Vada Pinson (on 2007 w/ 16 votes & 2009 ballots), Don Newcombe (on 2007 ballot w/ 17 votes), Roger Maris (on 2007 Ballot w/ 15 votes), Curt Flood (on 2007 ballot w/ 14 votes), Mickey Vernon (on 2007 ballot w/ 14 votes), Rocky Colavito (on 2007 ballot w/ 5 votes), Lew Burdette, Mike Cuellar, Murry Dickson, Carl Erskine, Roy Face, Mike Garcia, Ned Garver, Larry Jackson, Eddie Lopat, Sal Maglie, Jim Maloney, Lindy McDaniel, Sam McDowell, Denny McLain, Dave McNally, Stu Miller, Claude Osteen, Milt Pappas, Ron Perranoski, Camilo Pascual, Jim Perry, Johnny Podres, Vic Raschi, Curt Simmons, Mel Stottlemyre, Del Crandall, Bill Freehan, Elston Howard, Sherm Lollar, Tim McCarver, Joe Adcock, Norm Cash, Boog Powell, Ted Kluszewski, Gil McDougald, Roy Sievers, Al Dark, Jim Fregosi, Junior Gilliam, Dick Groat, Harvey Kuenn, Roy McMillan, Al Rosen, Felipe Alou, Tommy Davis, Willie Davis, Del Ennis, Carl Furillo, Frank Howard, Jackie Jensen, Andy Pafko, Bobby Thomson, & Jim Wynn [20]; Managers: Danny Murtaugh (on 2008 w/ 6 votes & 2010 ballots w/ 8 votes), Paul Richards (on 2007 ballot w/ 10 votes), Fred Hutchinson, Bill Rigney, Birdie Tebbetts [21]; General Managers: Buzzie Bavasi (on 2007 w/ 30 votes, 2008 & 2012 ballots), John McHale (on 2008 & 2010 ballots), Gabe Paul (on 2007 w/ 10 votes, 2008 & 2010 ballots), Bing Devine, Frank Lane [22]; Owners: August Busch, Jr. (on 2007 ballot w/ 13 votes), Phil Wrigley (on 2007 ballot w/ 9 votes), Calvin Griffith; [23]

Joe Torre was considered as a player by the 2007 version of the veterans committee w/ 26 votes, in 2014 he was inducted as a manager by the Expansion era committee.

Early Baseball (1871-1949)

Players: Bill Dahlen (on 2009, 2013 w/ 10 votes & 2016 ballots w/ 8 votes), Wes Ferrell (on 2007 w/ 7 votes, 2009 w/ 6 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Marty Marion (on 2007 w/ 11 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Bucky Walters (on 2009 w/ 4 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Harry Stovey (on 2016 ballot w/ 8 votes), Frank McCormick (on 2016 ballot), Tony Mullane (on 2013 ballot), Allie Reynolds (on 2009 w/ 8 votes & 2012 ballots), Mickey Vernon (on 2009 ballot w/ 5 votes), Sherry Magee (on 2009 ballot w/ 3 votes), Carl Mays (on 2007 w/ 6 votes & 2009 ballots), Vern Stephens (on 2009 ballot), Lefty O'Doul (on 2007 ballot w/ 15 votes), Cecil Travis (on 2007 ballot w/ 12 votes), Babe Adams, Tommy Bond, Harry Brecheen, Ted Breitenstein, Tommy Bridges, Charlie Buffinton, Bob Caruthers, Spud Chandler, Jack Coombs, Mort Cooper, Wilbur Cooper, Paul Derringer, Bill Donovan, Freddie Fitzsimmons, Noodles Hahn, Mel Harder, Silver King, Ray Kremer, Sam Leever, Dutch Leonard, Dolph Luque, Firpo Marberry, Bobby Mathews, Jim McCormick, Johnny Murphy, Art Nehf, Bobo Newsom, Al Orth, Deacon Phillippe, Jack Powell, Jack Quinn, Ed Reulbach, Eddie Rommel, Charlie Root, Schoolboy Rowe, Nap Rucker, Johnny Sain, Slim Sallee, Bob Shawkey, Urban Shocker, Jesse Tannehill, Dizzy Trout, Virgil Trucks, George Uhle, Johnny Vander Meer, Hippo Vaughn, Lon Warneke, Will White, Jim Whitney, Charlie Bennett, Walker Cooper, Johnny Kling, Deacon McGuire, Wally Schang, George H. Burns, Dolph Camilli, Phil Cavarretta, Jake Daubert, Joe Judge, Stuffy McInnis, Cal McVey, Buck O'Neil, Joe Start, Fred Tenney, Hal Trosky, Rudy York, Ross Barnes, Cupid Childs, Larry Doyle, Bobby Lowe, Fred Pfeffer, Hardy Richardson, Dick Bartell, Art Fletcher, Jack Glasscock, Lave Cross, Jimmy Dykes, Bob Elliott, Heinie Groh, Stan Hack, Ken Keltner, Arlie Latham, Pepper Martin, Buddy Myer, Johnny Pesky, Ezra Sutton, Ginger Beaumont, Wally Berger, Pete Browning, George J. Burns, George Case, Ben Chapman, Doc Cramer, Gavvy Cravath, Dom DiMaggio, Patsy Donovan, George Gore, Jeff Heath, Tommy Henrich, Babe Herman, Paul Hines, Dummy Hoy, Sam Jethroe, Bob Johnson, Charley Jones, Charlie Keller, Bob Meusel, Irish Meusel, Clyde Milan, Bing Miller, Terry Moore, Jimmy Ryan, Rip Sewell, Jimmy Sheckard, Riggs Stephenson, Mike Tiernan, George Van Haltren, Bobby Veach, Dixie Walker, Cy Williams, Ken R. Williams, & Smokey Joe Wood [24]; Managers: Charlie Grimm (on 2010 ballot), Steve O'Neill (on 2010 ballot), Chuck Dressen, Jimmy Dykes, Billy Southworth [25]; Executives: Sam Breadon (on 2010, 2013 & 2016 ballots), August Herrmann (on 2016 ballot), Chris von der Ahe (on 2016 ballot), Al Reach (on 2013 ballot); Barney Dreyfuss, Chub Feeney, John Heydler, Bob Quinn, Ben Shibe, Charles Somers; Umpires: Cy Rigler (on 2008 ballot), Bill Dinneen, Bob Emslie, Babe Pinelli, Beans Reardon, Bill Summers [26]; Pioneers: Doc Adams (on 2016 ballot w/ 10 votes); [27]

Committee members

1953-2001

Shirley Povich as master of ceremonies at Cooperstown, 1955
Bob Broeg, sportswriter
1972 Hall of Fame inductee Yogi Berra
1973 Hall of Fame inductee Monte Irvin

The following is a list of members of the Veterans Committee from its establishment in 1953 to its radical reformation in 2001, along with the dates of their membership.

  • J. G. Taylor Spink, publisher of The Sporting News from 1914 to 1962, Chairman of the Committee (1953-1959)
  • Warren Brown, sportswriter who, among other things, is credited with giving Babe Ruth the nickname "The Sultan of Swat" (1953-1965)
  • Charlie Gehringer, Hall of Fame second baseman (1953-1992)
  • Warren Giles, President of the National League from 1951 to 1969; General Manager of the Cincinnati Reds from 1937 to 1951 (1953-1978)
  • Frank Graham, sportswriter of the New York Journal-American. (1953-1965)
  • Will Harridge, President of the American League from 1931 to 1959 (1953-1971)
  • Paul Kerr, director of the Clark Foundation which funded the Hall, and future President of the Baseball Hall of Fame (1953-1978)
  • John Malaney sportswriter for The Boston Post and former BBWAA President (1953-1959)
  • Branch Rickey, who helped pioneer the farm system as General Manager of the St. Louis Cardinals from 1919 to 1942, signed Jackie Robinson who broke the color barrier as President and General Manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1942 to 1950, and was at this time active General Manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates, a position he held from 1950 to 1955 (1953-1965)
  • Charlie Segar, former sportswriter, and secretary-treasurer of the National League from 1951 to 1971 (1953-1993)
  • Frank Shaughnessy, President of the International League from 1936 to 1960 (1953-1969)
  • J. Roy Stockton, sportswriter for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch from 1918 to 1958, where he mostly covered the St. Louis Cardinals (1961-1971)
  • Dan Daniel, prolific sportswriter whose contributions over a long period led him to be called the Dean of American Baseball Writers (1961-1976)
  • Joe Cronin, Hall of Fame shortstop [inducted in 1956] who also served as manager for the Boston Red Sox from 1935 to 1947, General Manager for the Red Sox from 1947 to 1959, and President of the American League from 1959 to 1973 (1961-1984)
  • Ford Frick, National League President from 1934 to 1951 and Commissioner of Baseball from 1951 to 1965 (1966-1969)
  • Fred Lieb, sportswriter best known for nicknaming Yankee Stadium as "The House Ruth Built" (1966-1980)
  • Frankie Frisch, Hall of Fame second baseman [inducted 1947], who also served as manager (most notably for the St. Louis Cardinals from 1933 to 1938) and radio play-by-play announcer for Boston and the New York Giants (1967-1973)
  • Waite Hoyt, Hall of Fame pitcher [inducted 1969] who also served as radio play-by-play announcer for the Cincinnati Reds from 1942 to 1965 (1971-1976)
  • Bill Terry, Hall of Fame first baseman [inducted 1954], manager of the New York Giants from 1932 to 1941 (1971-1976)
  • Bob Broeg, sportswriter who covered the St. Louis Cardinals for forty years, served on the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors from 1972 to 2000 (1972-2000)
  • Bill DeWitt, General Manager of the St. Louis Browns from 1937 to 1951, and of the Cincinnati Reds from 1960 to 1966 (1973-1981)
  • Stan Musial, Hall of Fame outfielder and first baseman [inducted 1969] and General Manager of the St. Louis Cardinals in 1967 (1973-2001)
  • Burleigh Grimes, Hall of Fame pitcher [inducted 1964] and longtime scout (1977-1985)
  • Edgar Munzel, sportswriter who wrote for the Chicago Herald-Examiner and Chicago Sun-Times from 1929 to 1973 (1977-1996)
  • Bob Addie, sportswriter who covered baseball for The Washington Post and Washington Times-Herald (1978-1981)
  • Joe Reichler, sportswriter for the Associated Press from 1943 to 1966 who mostly covered baseball teams in New York City (1978-1988)
  • Roy Campanella, Hall of Fame catcher [inducted 1969] (1978-1993)
  • Buzzie Bavasi, General Manager for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers [1950-1968], the San Diego Padres [1968-1972] and the California Angels [1977-1984] (1978-1999)
  • Al López, Hall of Fame manager [inducted 1977] for the Cleveland Indians [1951-1956] and Chicago White Sox [1957-1965, 1968-1969] (1978-1994)
  • Gabe Paul, General Manager for the Cincinnati Reds [1951-1960], Cleveland Indians [1961-1969, 1971-1971] and New York Yankees [1974-1977], and President of the Cleveland Indians [1963-1971, 1978-1985] and New York Yankees [1973-1977] (1978-1993)
  • Joe L. Brown, General Manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1955 to 1976 (1979-2001)
  • Birdie Tebbetts, manager for the Cincinnati Reds [1954-1958], Milwaukee Braves [1961-1962] and Cleveland Indians [1964-1966] and longtime scout [1968-1997] (1979-1993)
  • Allen Lewis, sportswriter for the Philadelphia Inquirer from 1949 to 1979 (1979-2000)
  • Buck O'Neil, Negro league first baseman and manager, first African-American coach in Major League Baseball, longtime scout for the Chicago Cubs and Kansas City Royals and member of the Baseball Scouts Hall of Fame in St. Louis (1981-2001)
  • Milton Richman, sportswriter for the United Press International from 1944 until his death in 1986 (1983-1986)
  • Monte Irvin, Hall of Fame left fielder from the Negro leagues [1938-1942, 1948] and MLB New York Giants [1949-1955] and Chicago Cubs [1956] [inducted 1973]
  • Bob Fishel, executive for the St. Louis Browns [1946-1953] and New York Yankees [1954-1974], and American League executive vice president [1974-1988] (1985-1988)
  • Ted Williams, Hall of Fame left fielder (1986-2000)
  • Shirley Povich, sportswriter for The Washington Post from 1923 until his death in 1998 (1987-1993)
  • Red Barber, radio play-by-play announcer for the Cincinnati Reds [1934-1938], Brooklyn Dodgers [1939-1953] and New York Yankees [1954-1966] (1988-1990)
  • Ernie Harwell, play-by-play announcer, most notably for the Detroit Tigers [1960-1991, 1993-2002] (1988-1995; 2001)
  • Billy Herman, Hall of Fame second baseman [inducted 1975]
  • Jack Brickhouse, play-by-play announcer for the Chicago Cubs from 1948 to 1981 (1991-1993)
  • Yogi Berra, Hall of Fame catcher [inducted 1972]
  • Pee Wee Reese, Hall of Fame shortstop [inducted 1984] and television play-by-play announcer (1994-1999)
  • Bill White, sportscaster and National League president from 1989 to 1994 (1994-2001)
  • Ken Coleman, play-by-play announcer for the Cleveland Indians [1954-1963], Boston Red Sox [1965-1974, 1979-1989] and Cincinnati Reds [1975-1978] (1996-2003)
  • Leonard Koppett, sportswriter and author
  • Hank Peters, General Manager of the Baltimore Orioles from 1975 to 1987 and GM of the Cleveland Indians from 1987 to 1992 (1996-2001)
  • Jerome Holtzman, sportswriter for the Chicago Sun-Times from 1943 to 1981 and the Chicago Tribune from 1981 to 1999, creator of the save statistic, and official historian of Major League Baseball from 1999 until his death in 2008 (1998-2001)
  • Hank Aaron, Hall of Fame right fielder [inducted 1982] and senior vice president for the Atlanta Braves since 1980 (2000-present)
  • John McHale, General Manager for the Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves [1959-1966] and Montreal Expos [1978-1984], president of the Montreal Expos [1969-1986] (2000-2007)

2008

As of December 2008, for 2009 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, members of the Veterans Committee were:[28]

Pre-1943 Veterans Committee members
Post-1942 Veterans Committee members (67)

2010

As of November 2010, for 2011 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the only committee members announced were those voting for the post-1972 Expansion Era candidates:[1]

2011

As of November 2011, for 2012 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the 16-member Golden Era Committee was announced:[29]

2012

As of November 2012, for 2013 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the 16-member Pre-Integration Era Committee was announced:[30]

References

  1. ^ a b "Expansion Era Committee to Consider 12 Candidates for Hall of Fame Election at December's Winter Meetings" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. November 8, 2010. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010 – via Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ See, e.g., "Pat Gillick elected to Hall of Fame". ESPN.com. Associated Press. December 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010. Pat Gillick, whose teams won three World Series titles in 27 years as a major league general manager, was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame on Monday by the Veterans Committee.
  3. ^ Expansion Era Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-30. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  4. ^ Golden Era Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  5. ^ Pre-Integration Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-30. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  6. ^ a b c d "Hall of Fame Makes Series of Announcements" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. 2016-07-23. Retrieved .
  7. ^ O'Connell, Jack (2007-07-28). "Veterans Committee Process Revamped". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on 2007-12-08. Retrieved .
  8. ^ a b "Hall of Fame Board of Directors Restructures Procedures for Consideration of Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. July 26, 2010.
  9. ^ "Era Rules for Election". Eras Committees. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ http://www.hallofstats.com/upcoming
  11. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/index.shtml
  12. ^ https://sabr.org/latest/armour-and-levitt-best-25-gms-baseball-history
  13. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=Major_League_Baseball_umpiring_records
  14. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=2007_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame_balloting#Veterans_Committee_elections
  15. ^ http://www.hallofstats.com/upcoming
  16. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/index.shtml
  17. ^ https://sabr.org/latest/armour-and-levitt-best-25-gms-baseball-history
  18. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=Major_League_Baseball_umpiring_records
  19. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=2007_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame_balloting#Veterans_Committee_elections
  20. ^ http://www.hallofstats.com/upcoming
  21. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/index.shtml
  22. ^ https://sabr.org/latest/armour-and-levitt-best-25-gms-baseball-history
  23. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=2007_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame_balloting#Veterans_Committee_elections
  24. ^ http://www.hallofstats.com/upcoming
  25. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/index.shtml
  26. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=Major_League_Baseball_umpiring_records
  27. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=2007_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame_balloting#Veterans_Committee_elections
  28. ^ "Gordon Elected to Hall by Veterans Committee". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. 2008-01-12. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved .
  29. ^ Barry M. Bloom (December 5, 2011). "Cubs legend Santo elected to Hall of Fame". MLB.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011 – via Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ "10 finalists named for Baseball Hall of Fame's 2013 Pre-Integration Era ballot". SABR. November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2019.

External links


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