Velopharyngeal Consonant
Get Velopharyngeal Consonant essential facts below. View Videos or join the Velopharyngeal Consonant discussion. Add Velopharyngeal Consonant to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Velopharyngeal Consonant
Velopharyngeal fricative

A velopharyngeal fricative, more commonly known as a velopharyngeal snort, is a sound produced by some people with a cleft palate, whereby turbulent air is forced through a restricted velopharyngeal port into the nasal cavity. Its symbol in the extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet for disordered speech is ⟨?⟩.

A posterior nasal fricative is a type of velopharyngeal fricative in which the soft palate approaches the pharyngeal wall without closing off the velopharyngeal port, allowing frication through the nasal passages. The articulation may be aided by a posterior positioning of the tongue and may involve velar flutter (a snorting sound). The sound is used as a substitute for sibilants (/s, z, ?, ?/), which cannot be produced with a cleft palate.[1]

Velopharyngeal frication

Secondary velopharyngeal frication during a consonant is indicated with a double tilde, as in [s?].


  1. ^ Arnold Aronson & Diane Thieme (2009) Clinical Voice Disorders

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes