Velar Ejective Stop
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Velar Ejective Stop
Velar ejective stop
IPA Number109 + 401
Entity (decimal)k​ʼ
Unicode (hex)U+006B U+02BC
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The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨k'⟩.


Features of the velar ejective:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz ???/aky [ak'?] 'one'
Adyghe Temirgoy ??/? 'calf'
Shapsug ?/y? 'tail' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t'] in other dialects.
Archi ?I/k'an [k'an] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] ?/kekhts [k't?s'] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k?] in other Eastern dialects.
Chechen /khant [k'?:nt] 'boy'
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bak'] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian ?/k'aba [k'aba] 'dress'
Haida hai|ttsanskkaagid{} [ts'ansk'a:kit] 'beams'
Hausa ?o?ari [k'ò:k'?] 'effort'
Kabardian Baslaney ?/kl'apsè 'rope' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t'] in other dialects.
K'iche' k'ak' [k'a:k'] 'new'
Lezgian ?I/k'ir [k'ir] 'fang'
Navajo k'os [k'òs] 'cloud'
Ossetian Iron /khona ['k'onä] 'hearth'
Digoron ææ/dzækholæ [d?z?'k'o] 'bag'
Quechua k'aspi [k'aspi] 'stick'

See also


  1. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:17-18)
  2. ^ Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  3. ^ "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Glossary". Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ a b Cruttenden (2008:167)
  7. ^ a b c Wells (1982:261)
  8. ^ Gimson (1970:34)
  9. ^ a b McCarthy & Stuart-Smith (2013)


  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2008), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th ed.), London: Hodder, ISBN 0340958774
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Gimson, Alfred C. (1970), An Introduction to the pronunciation of English, London: Edward Arnold
  • Wells, John C.; Colson, Greta (1971), Practical Phonetics, London: Pitman, ISBN 0-273-43949-9
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English I: An Introduction, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-29719-2

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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