Valdis Zatlers
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Valdis Zatlers

Valdis Zatlers
Valdis Zatlers in 2011.jpg
7th President of Latvia

8 July 2007 - 8 July 2011
Aigars Kalv?tis
Ivars Godmanis
Valdis Dombrovskis
Vaira Ve-Freiberga
Andris B?rzi
Personal details
Born (1955-03-22) 22 March 1955 (age 65)
Riga, Latvia
Political partyIndependent (Before 2011)
Reform Party (2011-present)
Spouse(s)Lilita Zatlere
ChildrenGustavs
Felicita
K?rlis
Alma materRiga Stradi University
Signature

Valdis Zatlers (born 22 March 1955) is a Latvian politician and former physician who served as the seventh president of Latvia from 2007 to 2011. He won the Latvian presidential election of 31 May 2007.[1] He became President of Latvia on 8 July 2007[2] and left office on 7 July 2011 after failing to win reelection for a second term.

Medical career

Valdis Zatlers is an orthopedic surgeon, who graduated from the Institute of Medicine in Riga in 1979. After his studies he worked in Riga Hospital No. 2 and became chief of its traumatology unit in 1985. He was the director of the Latvian Traumatology and Orthopaedics Hospital from 1994 and chief of its board from 1998. He left these offices on 5 July 2007.[3]

Zatlers participated in the cleanup operations after the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear plant. On 27 April 2007, he received the Order of the Three Stars (Tr?s Zvaigu Ordenis) of the 4th rank for his contributions in care for health of the patients and promotion of orthopedics in Latvia.[4]

Political career

Zatlers with Dmitry Medvedev.

Valdis Zatlers was a board member of the Popular Front of Latvia in 1988-1989.[5] On 22 May 2007, the ruling parliamentary coalition of the Latvian Saeima officially nominated Zatlers as its presidential candidate.[6] Zatlers himself was not a member of any political party, but had signed the manifesto of the People's Party when the party was founded in 1998.

In his TV speech, on 28 May 2011, President Zatlers called for radical reforms to curb the corrupting influence of oligarchs. He accused lawmakers of being soft on corruption and announced that he would use his constitutional powers to initiate a referendum on the dissolution of the current Saeima. The formal cause of this decision was the parliament's refusal to sanction a search at the home of Ain?rs ?lesers, a Saeima member and former minister.[7] Zatlers was the first President of Latvia to use these reserve presidential powers.[8] Under the relevant sections of the Constitution of Latvia if the voters had supported Zatlers' decision, the Saeima would have been dismissed and new parliament elections organized.

On 2 June 2011 an MP from the Greens and Farmers' Union, Andris B?rzi, defeated the incumbent, Valdis Zatlers, in presidential elections despite Zatlers having previously been expected to win the vote.[9]

He founded the Reform Party in July 2011.[10]

Controversy

Before his election he confessed that, as a doctor, he had accepted private donations from his patients. Transparency International has questioned the legality of this practice.[11] Zatlers' supporters point out that donations of this form are accepted by many Latvian doctors. The Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (KNAB) characterized Zatlers' behaviour as improper and has said that it would not finalize its investigation of the matter for several months.[12] In July 2008, KNAB ruled that Zatlers hadn't violated the law by accepting these donations.[13]

Politicians criticized Zatlers for not paying taxes on these gifts. The State Revenue Service, which had previously requested him to pay taxes on the gifts, unable to fine him for tax evasion, fined Zatlers 250 Lats for missing data in officials declaration.[14][15]

In 2003, Zatlers was the subject of an investigation by KNAB, Latvia's anti-corruption office. The investigation was started based on a request by ?ris Auders, a former subordinate of Zatlers who had become the Minister of Healthcare. Auders had accused Zatlers of buying low-quality spinal implants from companies run by Zatlers' wife and the deputy director of Zatlers' hospital. The investigation cleared Zatlers of all charges.[16]

Personal life

Valdis Zatlers is married to Lilita Zatlere and has three children. In addition to his native language, he is fluent in English and Russian.

Honours and awards

References

  1. ^ "Latvia elects doctor as president". BBC News. 31 May 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  2. ^ "Unknown surgeon elected president". The Baltic Times. 6 June 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  3. ^ "Valdis Zatlers' Curriculum vitae". Chancery of the President of Latvia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  4. ^ "Zatleram pieirs Triju Zvaigu ordeni, Viestura ordeni un Atzin?bas krustu" (in Latvian). apollo.lv. 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Profile: Valdis Zatlers - surgeon, political newcomer, president". eux.tv. 31 May 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  6. ^ "Koal?cijas partijas izvirza Zatleru Valsts prezidenta amatam". apollo.lv (in Latvian). 22 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  7. ^ "Zatlers nolemj rosin?t Saeimas atlai?anu" [Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima]. Delfi (in Latvian). 28 May 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^ "Zatlers ir Latvijas v?stur? pirmais Saeimas atlai?anas ierosin?t?js" [Zatlers is the first initiator of the Saeima dissolution in Latvian history]. Delfi (in Latvian). 28 May 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  9. ^ "Andris Berzins elected new president in Latvia". BBC News. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ "Latvian political parties undergo major upheaval". Baltictimes.com. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  11. ^ "TI Latvia Asks KNAB, VID To Explain Whether Valdis Zatlers Could be Charged With Criminal Offences for Accepting Payments, Other Benefits From Patients". delna.lv. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  12. ^ "Kalv?tisrstu 'pateic?bas' ir vald?bas, nevis Zatlera probl?ma". delfi.lv (in Latvian). 30 May 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  13. ^ "KNAB nesod?s Zatleru par ?emtaj?m pateic?b?m, ta?u ierosina jaunu p?rbaudi" (in Latvian). 22 July 2008. Retrieved 2008.[dead link]
  14. ^ "VID: Zatleram j?samaks? nodok?i par 'aploku' atl?dz?bu". delfi.lv (in Latvian). 31 May 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  15. ^ "Zatlers samaks?jis 250 latu sodu par neprecizit?t?m ien?kumu deklar?cij?". delfi.lv (in Latvian). 4 July 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  16. ^ "Zatlers ir prezidents". tvnet.lv/LETA (in Latvian). 31 May 2007. Archived from the original on 20 June 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  17. ^ " ? ?  :: ". web.archive.org. 7 October 2008. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ "Odluka o odlikovanju Njegove Ekscelencije Valdisa Zatlersa, predsjednika Republike Latvije, Veleredom kralja Tomislava s lentom i Velikom Danicom". narodne-novine.nn.hr. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ "Document 581/2008". zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "Vabariigi President". www.president.ee. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "BOE.es - Documento BOE-A-2009-7333". www.boe.es. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "? ? ? ? ? - ? - ? Mail.Ru". web.archive.org. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunnan suurristin ketjuineen ulkomaalaiset saajat". www.ritarikunnat.fi. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Lietuvos Respublikos Prezident?". grybauskaite1.lrp.lt. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "? ? ? No 502/2011 - i?i ? ?". web.archive.org. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ 1news. " ? « »". 1news.az. Retrieved 2019.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Vaira Ve-Freiberga
President of Latvia
2007-2011
Succeeded by
Andris B?rzi

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Valdis_Zatlers
 



 



 
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