|Historical region||Muntenia, Oltenia|
|o Total||5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)|
|o Density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 250 or (+40) 350|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-VL|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 2.436 billion (2015)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 6,855 (2015)|
Vâlcea County (also spelt Vîlcea; Romanian pronunciation: ['v?lte?a]) is a county (jude?) of Romania. Located in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (which are separated by the Olt River), it is also part of the wider Wallachia region. Its capital city is Râmnicu Vâlcea.
In 2011, it had a population of 355,320 and the population density was 61.63/km².
This county has a total area of 5,765 km².
The North side of the county is occupied by the mountains from the Southern Carpathians group - The F?g?ra? Mountains in the East with heights over 2200 m, and the Lotru Mountains in the West with heights over 2000 m. They are separated by the Olt River valley - the most accessible passage between Transylvania and Muntenia. Along the Olt River Valley there are smaller groups of mountains, the most spectacular being the Cozia Mountains.
Towards the South, the heights decrease, passing through the sub-carpathian hills to a high plain in the West side of the Romanian Plain.
The city of Râmnicu Vâlcea is the poorest in the country.
The predominant industries in the county are:
The area in the center of the county is well suited for fruit orchards, wines and raising cattle. The South is better suited for growing cereals and vegetables.
More information about Valcea County economy on Valcea Chamber of Commerce and Industry http://www.ccivl.ro
The main tourist destinations are:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Social Democratic Party||14|
|National Liberal Party||13|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||3|
Vâlcea County has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 78 communes
The building of the Vâlcea County court from the interwar period, now the Râmnicu Vâlcea court.
|Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)||Râmnicu Vâlcea|
|o Total||4,081 km2 (1,576 sq mi)|
|o Density||60/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Râmnicu Vâlcea. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Vâlcea County; however the territories situated to the east of the Olt River in the current county were not part of the historical county.
By 1938, there were six districts, four previous and two new ones resulting from the reorganisation of the southwest part of the county:
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 246,713 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.4% Romanians, 1.6% Romanies, 0.2% Germans, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.4% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 31,909 inhabitants, comprising 94.8% Romanians, 1.3% Romanies, 1.0% Germans, 0.8% Jews, 0.7% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 96.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Jewish, 0.7% Lutheran, 0.3% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.