Ustyuzhna
Get Ustyuzhna essential facts below. View Videos or join the Ustyuzhna discussion. Add Ustyuzhna to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna

?
Coat of arms of Ustyuzhna and Ustyuzhensky District
Coat of arms
Location of Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna is located in Russia
Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna
Location of Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna is located in Vologda Oblast
Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna
Ustyuzhna (Vologda Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°50?N 36°26?E / 58.833°N 36.433°E / 58.833; 36.433Coordinates: 58°50?N 36°26?E / 58.833°N 36.433°E / 58.833; 36.433
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative districtUstyuzhensky District[1]
Town of district significanceUstyuzhna[2]
First mentioned1252[3]
Area
 o Total7 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 o Total9,501
 o Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,622 (-9.3%)
 o Density1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
 o Capital ofUstyuzhensky District[1], town of district significance of Ustyuzhna[2]
 o Municipal districtUstyuzhensky Municipal District[6]
 o Urban settlementUstyuzhna Urban Settlement[6]
 o Capital ofUstyuzhensky Municipal District[6], Ustyuzhna Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
162840
OKTMO ID19650101001

Ustyuzhna (Russian: ) is a town and the administrative center of Ustyuzhensky District in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the Mologa River, 260 kilometers (160 mi) west of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: ;[4];[9].[10]

History

Considered to have been founded in the 11th century, it was first mentioned, as Zhelezny Ustyug ( ), in 1252, and in the following centuries was called variously Ustyuzhna Zheleznopolskaya,[3] Ustizhna, Ustizhnya, Ustyuzhnya, and Yustyzhnya.[] In the 16th-18th centuries it was known mostly as Ustyuzhna-Zheleznaya or Ustyuzhna-Zheleznopolskaya, but since 1808 it had mostly been referred to by its modern name.[] The origin of the name is unclear, though it may be related to that of Ustyug.[11]

In 1252, Ustyuzhna was a part of the Principality of Uglich.[3] It was situated on the shortest route from Novgorod to the basin of the Northern Dvina River, which caused an interest of the Novgorod Republic.[] In the 14th century, Novgorod made several attempts to establish control over the town.[3] During the Time of Troubles, the Polish Army laid a siege on Ustyuzhna, but did not manage to conquer the town.[3] In the 16th and 17th centuries, the territory became one of the most important centers of metal production in Russia, second only to Tula.[3] Between 1702 and 1714, Izhinsky iron-making plant, built by the Admiralty, existed in Ustyuzhna, making it a major producer of arms.[3]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Ustyuzhna was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate) and named one of the towns constituting the governorate.[12] In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, which included Ustyuzhna as a part of its Belozersk Province.[13] In 1738, Ustyuzhna was chartered and became the seat of Ustyuzhensky Uyezd.[3] In 1776, the uyezd was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty.[3] In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished and Ustyuzhensky Uyezd was transferred to Novgorod Governorate.[3]

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Ustyuzhensky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets.[14] On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Governorate was abolished and its territory became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[14] At the same time, uyezds were abolished and Ustyuzhensky District was established, with the administrative center in Ustyuzhna.[14] On September 23, 1937, Ustyuzhensky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast and remained there ever since.[14]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Ustyuzhna serves as the administrative center of Ustyuzhensky District and of Ustyuzhensky Selsoviet of that district, even though it is not a part of the latter.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Ustyuzhensky District as the town of district significance of Ustyuzhna.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Ustyuzhna is incorporated within Ustyuzhensky Municipal District as Ustyuzhna Urban Settlement and serves as the administrative center of the municipal district, urban settlement, and of Ustyuzhenskoye Rural Settlement, even though it is not a part of the latter.[6]

Economy

Industry

The main industrial enterprise in Ustyuzhna is a cheese production factory.[15]

Transportation

A114 Highway, connecting Vologda to Cherepovets and St. Petersburg, passes north of Ustyuzhna. There is a road connecting Ustyuzhna with the highway. Ustyuzhna is also connected by roads with Tver via Vesyegonsk, with Bezhetsk via Sandovo, and with Borovichi via Pestovo. There are also local roads.

The closest railway station is located in Sandovo.

Culture and recreation

Ustyuzhna contains thirty-nine objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by Russian federal law and additionally ninety-seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[16] Ustyuzhna is a historical town with the well-preserved center from the 19th century.

The Ustyuzhensky District Museum is located in Ustyuzhna.[17]

It is believed that the plot of The Government Inspector, a comedy by Russian playwright Nikolai Gogol, is based on the real story which took place in Ustyuzhna in the beginning of the 19th century.[18]

References

The Church of Our Lady of Kazan (beginning of the 18th century)

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j ?. ?. (2006). ?. ?. ? (ed.). (PDF) (in Russian). ?, ?. p. 488-489. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #1126-OD
  7. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ ?. ?. . " ?", . 436
  12. ^ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (in Russian)
  13. ^ , ?. ?.; et al. (2009). ? .?. ; ?. ?. ?; ?. ?. ; ?. ?. ? (eds.). - ? ? ? 1727-1995 . ? (PDF) (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. p. 16-22. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d ? ? -? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (1917-1991) (in Russian). . Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ . Moscow ? . 2003. p. 497. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  16. ^ ? ? ? ? (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ ? (in Russian). ? ? . Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ , ?. (2009). ? ? ? . (in Russian). 13. Retrieved 2013.

Sources

  • ?.  No371-  4 ? 1999 ?. «? -? ? ?», ? . No2916-  7 ? 2012 ?. «? ? ? "? -? ? ?"». ? ? ?  ?. : "? ", No124-125, 29 ? 1999 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • ? ?. ? No178  1 2010 ?. « ? - ?», ? . ? No686  25 ? 2012 ?. «? ? ? ? ?». ? ? ? 20 2010 ?. : "? ", No29, 20 2010 ?. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • ?.  No1126-  6 ? 2004 ?. « , ? ? ? , ? », ? . No2809-  5 ? 2012 ?. «? ? ?, ? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  10 ? ?. : "? ", No242, 11 ? 2004 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1126-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Ustyuzhensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Ustyuzhna
 



 



 
Music Scenes