United States House of Representatives Elections, 1912
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United States House of Representatives Elections, 1912
1912 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1910 November 5, 1912[a] 1914 →

All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since March 4, 1909 March 4, 1911
Leader's seat Missouri 5th Illinois 2nd
Last election 230 seats 163 seats[b]
Seats won 291[1][2] 134[1][2]
Seat change Increase 61 Decrease 29

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Socialist Progressive
Last election 1 seat 0 seats
Seats won 0[1][2] 9[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 9

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 1
Seat change Increase 1

1912 House of Rep. Diagram.svg

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1912 were held for members of the 63rd Congress, coinciding with the election of President Woodrow Wilson.

Wilson's victory was partly due to the division of the opposition Republican Party into conservative and progressive factions. While many progressives stayed within the party framework, they maintained lukewarm relationships with Republican leadership. Others formed a third party known as the Progressives and several switched allegiance to the Democrats. A message of unity was portrayed by the Democrats, allowing this group to present themselves as above the bickering and corruption that had become associated with the Republican internal feud. Many of the new seats that were added after the prior census ended up in Democratic hands. In addition, William Kent, who had been elected to the House as a Republican in 1908, was elected to California's 1st congressional district as an Independent.

The number of representatives was increased for this election to 435, where it currently stands (aside from 1959 when Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states).

Election summaries

In reapportionment following the 1910 census,[] 41 new seats were added, bringing the House to its modern size. This would be the last time the size of the House changed, except for a temporary addition of two seats in 1959 after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii and subsequent return to 435 in 1963. In the reapportionment, 1 state lost 1 seat, 22 states had no change in apportionment, 16 states gained 1 seat each, 5 states gained 2 seats each, 2 states gained 3 seats, 1 state gained 4 seats, and 1 state gained 6 seats. Twelve states used at-large seats in addition to districts to elect new seats.

?
291 1 9 134
Democratic I P Republican
House seats
Democratic
66.90%
Independent
0.23%
Progressive
2.07%
Republican
30.80%
State Type Total seats
(After reapportionment)
Democratic Republican Progressive Independent
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District
+at-large[c]
10 Increase 1 10 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arizona At-large 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 7 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 11 Increase 3 3 Increase 2 7 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Colorado District
+2 at-large[c]
4 Increase 1 4 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 5 Steady 5 Increase 4 0 Decrease 4 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District
+at-large[c]
4 Increase 1 4 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 12 Increase 1 12 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District
+2 at-large[c]
27 Increase 2 20 Increase 9 5 Decrease 9 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 Steady 13 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 Steady 3 Increase 2 8 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District 8 Steady 5 Increase 5 3 Decrease 5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 Steady 9 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 8 Increase 1 8 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[d] District 4 Steady 1 Decrease 1 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 Steady 6 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 16 Increase 2 7 Increase 3 9 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District
+at-large[c]
13 Increase 1 2 Steady 9 Decrease 1 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
Minnesota District
+at-large[c]
10 Increase 1 1 Steady 9 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 8 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 16 Steady 15 Increase 2 1 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 2 Increase 1 2 Increase 2 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 Steady 3 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 Steady 2 Increase 2 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 12 Increase 2 11 Increase 4 1 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Mexico At-large 1 Decrease 1 1 Steady 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 43 Increase 6 31 Increase 8 11 Decrease 3 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
North Carolina District 10 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Dakota District 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District
+at-large[c]
22 Increase 1 19 Increase 3 3 Decrease 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oklahoma District
+3 at-large[c]
8 Increase 3 6 Increase 3 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon District 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+4 at-large[c]
36 Increase 4 12 Increase 4 22 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 3 Increase 1 2 Increase 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota District 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 Steady 8 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District
+2 at-large[c]
18 Increase 2 18 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[d] District 2 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 Steady 9 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington District
+2 at-large[c]
5 Increase 2 0 Steady 3 Steady 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
West Virginia District
+at-large[c]
6 Increase 1 2 Decrease 2 4 Increase 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 Steady 3 Increase 1 8 Steady[e] 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 435 Increase 41 291
66.9%
Increase 61 134
30.8%
Decrease 29 9
2.1%
Increase 9 1
0.2%
Increase 1
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+ to 100% Democratic
  80+ to 100% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
Net gain in party representation (stripes indicate mixed gains)
  6+ Democratic gain
   
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Progressive gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates

Two states, with 6 seats between them, held elections early in 1912:

This was the last year that Vermont held early elections.

Special elections

There were special elections in 1912 to the 57th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent died July 6, 1901.
New member elected November 5, 1901.
Democratic hold.
Winner was seated December 2, 1901.[3]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.

Alabama

Arizona

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Arizona at-large

Arkansas

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas 1
Arkansas 2
Arkansas 3
Arkansas 4
Arkansas 5
Arkansas 6
Arkansas 7

California

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William Kent
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected as an Independent.
Independent gain.
  • Green tickY William Kent (Independent) 37.27%
  • I. G. Zumwalt (Democratic) 34.37%
  • Edward H. Hart (Republican) 19.40%
  • Joseph Bredsteen (Socialist) 8.96%
California 2 John E. Raker
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John E. Raker (Democratic) 62.64%
  • Frank M. Rutherford (Republican) 27.17%
  • J. C. Williams (Socialist) 10.19%
California 3 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Charles F. Curry (Republican) 58.85%
  • Gilbert McMillan Ross (Democratic) 28.79%
  • William L. Wilson (Socialist) 12.36%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Julius Kahn (Republican) 56.09%
  • Bert Schlesinger (Democratic) 32.72%
  • Norman W. Pendleton (Socialist) 11.19%
California 5 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY John I. Nolan (Republican) 52.27%
  • Stephen V. Costello (Democratic) 34.69%
  • E. L. Reguin (Socialist) 13.04%
California 6 Joseph R. Knowland
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph R. Knowland (Republican) 53.70%
  • J. Stitt Wilson (Socialist) 40.00%
  • Hiram A Luttrell (Democratic) 6.31%
California 7 James C. Needham
Redistricted from the 6th district
Republican 1898 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Denver S. Church (Democratic) 44.05%
  • James C. Needham (Republican) 42.65%
  • J. S. Cato (Socialist) 13.30%
California 8 Everis A. Hayes
Redistricted from the 5th district
Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 50.95%
  • James B. Holohan (Democratic) 35.18%
  • Robert Whitaker (Socialist) 13.86%
California 9 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
  • Green tickY Charles W. Bell (Progressive) 47.25%
  • Thomas H. Kirk (Democratic) 23.87%
  • Ralph L. Criswell (Socialist) 18.22%
  • George S. Yarnall (Prohibition) 10.66%
California 10 William Stephens
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected to different party.
Progressive gain.
  • Green tickY William Stephens (Progressive) 53.45%
  • George Ringo (Democratic) 21.91%
  • Fred C. Wheeler (Socialist) 20.98%
  • Emory D. Martindale (Prohibition) 3.67%
California 11 Sylvester C. Smith
Redistricted from the 8th district
Republican 1904 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Incumbent died before the Congress ended.
  • Green tickY William Kettner (Democratic) 42.69%
  • Samuel C. Evans (Republican) 36.85%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 12.14%
  • Helen M. Stoddard (Prohibition) 8.33%

Colorado

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Colorado 1 Atterson W. Rucker Democratic 1908 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY George Kindel (Democratic) 45.8%
  • W.J. Crank (Progressive) 25.33%
  • Rice W. Means (Republican) 20.93%
  • John W. Martin (Socialist) 5.68%
  • Otto A. Reinhardt (Prohibition) 2.22%[4]
Colorado 2
Colorado 3
Colorado 4

Connecticut

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut 1
Connecticut 2
Connecticut 3
Connecticut 4
Connecticut 5

Delaware

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large

Florida

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 78.5%
  • C. C. Allen (Socialist) 12.0%
  • George W. Beall (Republican) 4.9%
  • J. D. Hazzard (Progressive) 3.0%
  • George C. Kelley (Prohibition) 1.6%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Frank Clark (Democratic) 81.1%
  • J. J. Collins (Socialist) 7.3%
  • John W. Howell (Republican) 6.7%
  • C. E. Speir (Progressive) 4.9%
Florida 3 Dannite H. Mays Democratic 1908 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Emmett Wilson (Democratic) 86.4%
  • W. M. Lamberry (Socialist) 6.3%
  • Thomas F. McGourin (Republican) 4.7%
  • John T. Poder (Progressive) 2.7%
Florida at-large None (District created) New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Claude L'Engle (Democratic) 77.4%
  • A. N. Jackson (Socialist) 8.2%
  • George W. Allen (Republican) 6.6%
  • E. R. Gunby (Progressive) 6.0%
  • Frances P. Coffin (Prohibition) 1.8%

Georgia

Idaho

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Idaho at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Burton L. French Republican 1902
1908 (Retired)
1910
Incumbent re-elected.
New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Iowa 1
Iowa 2
Iowa 3
Iowa 4
Iowa 5
Iowa 6
Iowa 7
Iowa 8
Iowa 9
Iowa 10
Iowa 11

Kansas

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kansas 1
Kansas 2
Kansas 3
Kansas 4
Kansas 5
Kansas 6
Kansas 7
Kansas 8

Kentucky

Louisiana

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2
Louisiana 3
Louisiana 4
Louisiana 5
Louisiana 6
Louisiana 7
Louisiana 8

Maine

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maine 1
Maine 2
Maine 3
Maine 4

Maryland

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1
Maryland 2
Maryland 3
Maryland 4
Maryland 5
Maryland 6

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Montana at-large
Montana at-large

Nebraska

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Nebraska 1
Nebraska 2
Nebraska 3
Nebraska 4
Nebraska 5
Nebraska 6

Nevada

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Nevada at-large

New Hampshire

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire 1
New Hampshire 2

New Jersey

New Mexico

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Mexico at-large Harvey B. Fergusson Democratic 1911 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Harvey B. Fergusson (Democratic) 45.6%
  • Nathan Jaffa (Republican) 36.9%
  • Andrew J. Eggum (Socialist) 12.1%
  • Marcos DeBaca (Progressive) 5.5%
George Curry Republican 1911 Incumbent retired.
Seat eliminated in reapportionment.
Republican loss.

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Dakota 1
North Dakota 2
North Dakota 3

Ohio

Oklahoma

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oklahoma 1
Oklahoma 2
Oklahoma 3
Oklahoma 4
Oklahoma 5
Oklahoma 6
Oklahoma 7
Oklahoma 8

Oregon

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oregon 1
Oregon 2
Oregon 3

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island 1
Rhode Island 2
Rhode Island 3

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY George Swinton Legaré (Democratic) 97.2%
  • Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican) 1.8%
  • William Eberhard (Socialist) 1.0%
South Carolina 2 James F. Byrnes Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent died July 6, 1901.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.

South Carolina

South Dakota

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Dakota 1
South Dakota 2
South Dakota 3

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

The Utah election consisted of an all-party general ticket election to the two at-large seats. Howell was elected to the first at-large seat, while Johnson was elected to the second at-large seat, but they were nevertheless placed in districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Utah 1
New district
Joseph Howell
Redistricted from the at-large seat
Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph Howell (Republican) 19.45%
  • Green tickY Jacob Johnson (Republican) 18.96%
  • Mathonihah Thomas (Democratic) 16.77%
  • Tollman D. Johnson (Democratic) 16.52%
  • S.H. Love (Progressive) 10.08%
  • Lewis Larson (Progressive) 9.89%
  • Murray E. King (Socialist) 4.05%
  • William M. Knerr (Socialist) 4.04%
  • Elias Anderson (Socialist Labor) 0.23%[5]
Utah 2
New district
New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

Vermont

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont 1
Vermont 2

Virginia

Washington

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Washington 1
Washington 2
Washington 3
Washington 4
Washington 5

West Virginia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
West Virginia 1 John W. Davis Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 William Gay Brown Jr. Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 Adam Brown Littlepage Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
West Virginia 4 John M. Hamilton Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
West Virginia 5 James A. Hughes Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia at-large New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

Wisconsin

Wyoming

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Wyoming at-large

Non-voting delegates

Alaska Territory

Alaska Territory elected its non-voting delegate August 13, 1912.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Alaska Territory at-large James Wickersham Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected to a different party.
Progressive gain.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Maine and Vermont held elections early in September 1912.
  2. ^ Included one Progressive Republican.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Additional seat or seats elected at-large due to state not redistricting.
  4. ^ a b Elections held early.
  5. ^ Previous election had 1 Socialist.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789-Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 166-167.
  3. ^ "Fifty-seventh Congress March 4, 1901, to March 3, 1903". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 1 Race - Nov 05, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - UT At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=296692

Bibliography

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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