|UN Security Council|
|Date||4 November 1977|
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council Resolution 418, adopted unanimously on 4 November 1977, imposed a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa. This resolution differed from the earlier Resolution 282, which was only voluntary. The embargo was subsequently tightened and extended by Resolution 591.
The embargo had a direct impact on South Africa in a number of ways:
The South African government devised a number of strategies to bypass the embargo to obtain military technology and components that it was unable to procure openly. United Nations Security Council Resolution 591 was passed in 1986 to extend the embargo and to tightened some of the loopholes.
Many armaments were wholly designed and manufactured in South Africa, as reflected by the growth and export business of Armscor.
Notable operations that came to light were:
Computer and air traffic control radar systems ostensibly destined for civilian use were diverted to the military.
The South African government was able to hire the services of foreign technicians, for example Israeli specialists who had worked on the Lavi fighter aircraft were recruited by Atlas Aircraft Corporation to work on the Atlas Cheetah and Atlas CAVA.