Map of Thailand highlighting Ubon Ratchathani Province
|Capital||Mueang Ubon Ratchathani|
|o Governor||Sarit Withun|
|o Total||15,745 km2 (6,079 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 5th|
|o Rank||Ranked 3rd|
|o Density||119/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|o Density rank||Ranked 43rd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|o HAI (2017)||0.5586 "low"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-34|
Ubon Ratchathani (Thai: , pronounced [?ù.b?n râ:t.t?.t:.n?:]), often shortened to Ubon (), is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Ubon is about 630 km (390 mi) from Bangkok. Neighboring Provinces are (from west clockwise) Sisaket, Yasothon, and Amnat Charoen. To the north and east it borders Salavan and Champasak of Laos, to the south Preah Vihear of Cambodia.
At Khong Chiam the Mun River, the biggest river of the Khorat Plateau, joins the Mekong, which forms the northeastern boundary of Thailand with Laos. It is called "Maenam Song Si" or the "Mun River alluvium" because the brown water from Mekong River mixes with the blue water of the Mun. It is about 84 km (52 mi) from Ubon Ratchathani city centre.
The area in the Dângrêk Mountains where the borders of the three countries, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia meet is promoted as the "Emerald Triangle", in contrast to the "Golden Triangle" in the north of Thailand. "Emerald" refers to the largely intact monsoon forests there.
The city was founded in the late-18th century by Thao Kham Phong, descendant of Phra Wo and Phra Ta, who escaped from King Siribunsan of Vientiane into Siam Kingdom during the reign of King Taksin the Great. Later Thao Kham Phong was appointed to be "Phra Pathum Wongsa", the first ruler of Ubon Ratchathani. In 1792 Ubon Ratchathani became a province, and was also the administrative center of the monthon Isan. In 1925 it became part of monthon Nakhon Ratchasima. With the abolition of the monthon system in 1933, the province became a first level subdivision of the country. Until 1972, Ubon Ratchathani Province was the largest province of Thailand by area. Yasothon Province was split off from Ubon Ratchathani Province in 1972, followed by Amnat Charoen Province in 1993.
The provincial seal shows a Lotus flower in a pond. This alludes to the meaning of the name of the province, which translates to 'royal city of the lotus flower'. The provincial flower is the lotus (Nymphaea lotus). The provincial tree is the Yang-na (Dipterocarpus alatus).
Ubon Ratchathani is the nation's leading rice-producing province. It earns more than 10 billion baht a year from rice sales.
Ubon Ratchathani boasts the following national parks:
The main hospital of Ubon Ratchathani Province is Sunpasitthiprasong Hospital.
Ubon Ratchathani is served by Ubon Ratchathani Airport.
Ubon Ratchathani Railway Station is the main railway station in Ubon Ratchathani.
Ubon Ratchathani Province is the home of Ubon Ratchathani University.
|16.||Nikhom Sang Ton Eng Lum Dom Noi||?||7,538|
|27.||Muang Sam Sip||3,358|
|33.||?Baan Dan - Khong Chium||2,741|
As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 60 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Ubon Ratchathani has city (thesaban nakhon) status. Chaeramae, Det Udom, Phibun Mangsahan and Warin Chamrap have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 54 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 179 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|Province Ubon Ratchathani, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5586 is "low", occupies place 62 in the ranking.|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|1 - 15||"high"|
|16 - 30||"somewhat high"|
|31 - 45||"average"|
|45 - 60||"somewhat low"|
|61 - 77||"low"|
Sao Chaliang or mushroom-like sandstone pillars, dated from the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods, Pha Taem National Park
Wat Sirindhorn Wararam Phu Phrao, Sirindhorn District
75 Ubon Ratchathani: 1 PAO, 1 City mun., 4 Town mun., 54 Subdistrict mun., 179 SAO.