|USRA Light Pacific|
Atlantic Coast Line No. 1504
The USRA Light Pacific was a USRA standard class of steam locomotive designed under the control of the United States Railroad Administration, the nationalized railroad system in the United States during World War I. This was the standard light passenger locomotive of the USRA types, and was 4-6-2 wheel arrangement in the Whyte notation, or 2?C1? in UIC classification.
A total of 81 locomotives were built under USRA control; these were sent to the following railroads:
|Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (ACL)||165 P-5-Bs were also built as copies (Nos. 1600-1764) between 1922 and 1926 by BLW.|
|Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O)||Built by BLW (Nos. 5200-5219) and ALCO (Nos. 5220-5229) in 1919.|
|Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N)||20 copies (Nos. 264-283) built between 1923 and 1924.|
After the dissolution of USRA, the ACL and L&N ordered additional copies of the USRA Light Pacific design, while both the Grand Trunk Western Railroad (GTW) and the Mobile and Ohio Railroad (M&O) also ordered copies in the 1920s.
Atlantic Coast Line No. 1504 is the only surviving original USRA Light Pacific.:6-7 Designated as a National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1990, it was currently on static display at Prime F. Osborn III Convention Center in Jacksonville, Florida.:8
Grand Trunk Western No. 5629 was also a copy of the USRA Light Pacific, built by ALCO in 1924. In 1959, it was purchased by Richard Jensen for excursion service in the 1960s. However, Jensen ran into financial troubles in the early 1970s and couldn't afford to run anymore excursions with the locomotive. He stored No. 5629 at the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (CRI&P) freight yard in Blue Island, Illinois.
As the CRI&P was filed for liquidation as well as selling the Blue Island freight yard property to the Chicago commuter railroad Metra in 1980. The commuter railroad ordered Jensen to move No. 5629 to the nearby Iowa Interstate Railroad in order to redesign the Blue Island property, but refused to allow him inspect the locomotive to have someone else move it. This would led into a heated dispute as Metra threatened Jensen to scrap No. 5629, if he hadn't moved it out of the Blue Island freight yard. At that point, the Illinois Railway Museum (IRM) was allow by Metra to move the locomotive out, but couldn't have done so since it was owned by Jensen. After several preservationist groups, including the IRM, attempted to purchase No. 5629 without Jensen's permission, Metra scrapped the locomotive in late July 1987.