Turkish Basketball Super League
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Turkish Basketball Super League
Basketbol Süper Ligi
Official logo of the Turkish Basketball Super League.png
Founded1966; 54 years ago (1966)
First season1966-67 (as TBL)
Country Turkey
ConfederationFIBA Europe
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toTBL
Domestic cup(s)Turkish Cup
SupercupPresidential Cup
International cup(s)EuroLeague
EuroCup
Champions League
FIBA Europe Cup
Current championsAnadolu Efes
(14th title)
Most championshipsAnadolu Efes
(14 titles)
TV partnersTivibu
Websitewww.bsl.org.tr
2019-20 Basketbol Süper Ligi

The Basketball Super League (Turkish: Basketbol Süper Ligi; BSL),[1] also known as the ING Basketbol Süper Ligi for sponsorship reasons, is the top men's professional basketball division of the Turkish basketball league system. It replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946-1967) to become the Turkish Basketball League (TBL) until 2015 when it adopted its current name while the TBL name became exclusive to the second-tier and third-tier divisions.

The BSL is administrated by the Turkish Basketball Federation (TBF) and is contested by 16 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the second-tier TBL and replaced by the top two teams of that division. Since the league's restructuring in 1966, 11 clubs have been crowned champions, with Anadolu Efes winning the title a record 14 times and Fenerbahçe 9 times. In recent years, Fenerbahçe dominated the league by winning 8 titles out of 13 from the 2006-07 season onward.

The BSL replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946-1967), which was the league's predecessor.

History

According to official records, basketball was first played in Turkey in 1904 at Robert College. An American physical education teacher laid the foundations of the sport in the country. Seven years later, in 1911, Ahmet Robenson, a physical education teacher at Galatasaray High School, decided to introduce a new game to his students. Robenson, who also later became president of Galatasaray S.K., popularized the sport in Turkey.[2][3]

Until late 1966, local basketball competitions were held in major cities like Istanbul (which hosted the Istanbul League), Ankara, and ?zmir. There was also the former Turkish Championship which existed from 1946 to 1967.

The current Turkish top-tier level national league was founded in 1966, by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966-67 season, and it thus replaced those earlier competitions. The Turkish second-tier level league, the TBL (previously known as the TB2L), was also founded three years later in 1969, and since 2011, a third-tier level league TB2L, with the teams divided into two groups.[4]

Format

There are 16 teams in the league, and they play against each other twice, under a league system format, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top eight teams are entitled to participate in the league's playoffs. The winners of the playoffs are crowned the Turkish champions. The two top teams of the Turkish Second League are promoted to the top level Basketbol Süper Ligi. The two lowest placed teams of the Süper Ligi are relegated.[5]

Current clubs

Title holders

The winners of the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946-1967) are not included, only the clubs winning the Basketbol Süper Ligi since its inception in 1966.

Performance by club

Clubs in bold currently play in the top division.

Club Winners Runners-up Years won
Anadolu Efes
14
12
1979, 1983, 1984, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2019
Fenerbahçe
9
9
1991, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018
Eczac?ba
8
1
1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989
Galatasaray
5
5
1969, 1985, 1986, 1990, 2013
?TÜ
5
1
1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
Ülker
4
5
1995, 1998, 2001, 2006
Be?ikta?
2
7
1975, 2012
Tofa?
2
3
1999, 2000
Karyaka
2
1
1987, 2015
Alt?nordu
1
--
1967
Muhaf?zgücü
1
--
1974
Çukurova Sanayi
--
2
Pa?abahçe
--
2
?ekerspor
--
2
Türk Telekom
--
2
Band?rma Basketbol
--
1

List of champions

Pre-playoffs era

Season Champions Runners-up
1966-67 Alt?nordu Galatasaray
1967-68 ?TÜ Fenerbahçe
1968-69 Galatasaray ?TÜ
1969-70 ?TÜ Fenerbahçe
1970-71 ?TÜ Fenerbahçe
1971-72 ?TÜ Be?ikta?
1972-73 ?TÜ ?ekerspor
1973-74 Muhaf?zgücü ?ekerspor
1974-75 Be?ikta? Galatasaray
1975-76 Eczac?ba Be?ikta?
1976-77 Eczac?ba Be?ikta?
1977-78 Eczac?ba Tofa?
1978-79 Efes Pilsen Eczac?ba
1979-80 Eczac?ba Efes Pilsen
1980-81 Eczac?ba Be?ikta?
1981-82 Eczac?ba Be?ikta?
1982-83 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe

Playoffs era

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage Regular season leader Record
1983-84
Efes Pilsen
2-1
Karyaka Eczac?ba
18-4
1984-85
Fenerbahçe
1-2
Galatasaray Fenerbahçe
20-2
1985-86
Efes Pilsen
1-2
Galatasaray Efes Pilsen
16-5
1986-87
Karyaka
2-1
Galatasaray Be?ikta?
15-7
1987-88
Çukurova Sanayi
1-3
Eczac?ba Fenerbahçe
17-5
1988-89
Eczac?ba
3-1
Çukurova Sanayi Eczac?ba
14-7
1989-90
Galatasaray
3-1
Pa?abahçe Fenerbahçe
19-3
1990-91
Fenerbahçe
3-2
Tofa? SAS Fenerbahçe
20-2
1991-92
Pa?abahçe
1-3
Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe
23-3
1992-93
Efes Pilsen
4-0
Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
30-0
1993-94
Efes Pilsen
4-2
Ülkerspor PTT
27-3
1994-95
Ülkerspor
4-2
Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
28-2
1995-96
Efes Pilsen
4-0
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
28-2
1996-97
Efes Pilsen
4-1
Türk Telekom PTT Efes Pilsen
27-3
1997-98
Efes Pilsen
2-4
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
26-4
1998-99
Tofa?
4-2
Efes Pilsen Tofa?
23-5
1999-00
Efes Pilsen
1-4
Tofa? Efes Pilsen
21-5
2000-01
Ülkerspor
4-2
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
22-4
2001-02
Efes Pilsen
4-2
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
20-2
2002-03
Ülkerspor
3-4
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
25-1
2003-04
Efes Pilsen
4-2
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
22-4
2004-05
Efes Pilsen
4-1
Be?ikta? Efes Pilsen
24-2
2005-06
Ülkerspor
4-0
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
25-5
2006-07
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4-0
Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe Ülker
28-2
2007-08
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4-1
Türk Telekom Be?ikta? Cola Turka
24-6
2008-09
Efes Pilsen
4-2
Fenerbahçe Ülker Efes Pilsen
28-2
2009-10
Efes Pilsen
2-4
Fenerbahçe Ülker Efes Pilsen
27-3
2010-11
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4-2
Galatasaray Cafe Crown Fenerbahçe Ülker
27-3
2011-12
Anadolu Efes
2-4
Be?ikta? Milangaz Galatasaray Medical Park
25-5
2012-13
Galatasaray Medical Park
4-1
Banvit Galatasaray Medical Park
27-3
2013-14
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4-3
Galatasaray Liv Hospital Banvit
28-2
2014-15
Anadolu Efes
1-4
P?nar Karyaka Fenerbahçe Ülker
23-7
2015-16
Anadolu Efes
2-4
Fenerbahçe Anadolu Efes
24-6
2016-17
Fenerbahçe
4-0
Be?ikta? Sompo Japan Fenerbahçe
28-2
2017-18
Fenerbahçe Do?u?
4-1
Tofa? Fenerbahçe Do?u?
27-3
2018-19
Anadolu Efes
4-3
Fenerbahçe Beko Anadolu Efes
34-6

Finals MVPs and winner coaches

Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.

Season Finals MVP Champion's Coach
1966-67 N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1967-68 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1968-69 N/A Bulgaria Petar Simenov
1969-70 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1970-71 N/A Turkey ?engün Kaplano?lu
1971-72 N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1972-73 N/A Turkey Öner ?aylan
1973-74 N/A Turkey Arma?an Asena
1974-75 N/A Turkey Cavit Altunay
1975-76 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1976-77 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1977-78 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1978-79 N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1979-80 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1980-81 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1981-82 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1982-83 N/A Turkey R?za Erverdi
1983-84 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavu?
1984-85 N/A Turkey Nur Germen
1985-86 N/A Turkey Fehmi Sad?ko?lu
1986-87 N/A Turkey Nadir Vekilo?lu
1987-88 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1988-89 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1989-90 N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1990-91 N/A Turkey Çetin Y?lmaz
1991-92 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
1992-93 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
1993-94 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
1994-95 N/A Turkey Çetin Y?lmaz
1995-96 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
1996-97 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
1997-98 N/A Turkey Çetin Y?lmaz
1998-99 N/A Croatia Jasmin Repe?a
1999-00 N/A Turkey Tolga Öngören
2000-01 N/A Turkey Murat Didin
2001-02 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2002-03 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2003-04 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2004-05 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2005-06 N/A Turkey Murat Özyer
2006-07 N/A Turkey Ayd?n Örs
2007-08 N/A Montenegro Bogdan Tanjevi?
2008-09 United States Bootsy Thornton Turkey Ergin Ataman
2009-10 United States Tarence Kinsey Turkey Ertu?rul Erdo?an
2010-11 Turkey O?uz Sava? Croatia Neven Spahija
2011-12 Puerto Rico Carlos Arroyo Turkey Ergin Ataman
2012-13 United States Jamont Gordon Turkey Ergin Ataman
2013-14 Not awarded Serbia ?eljko Obradovi?
2014-15 Turkey Bobby Dixon Turkey Ufuk Sar?ca
2015-16 Italy Luigi Datome Serbia ?eljko Obradovi?
2016-17 Serbia Bogdan Bogdanovi? Serbia ?eljko Obradovi?
2017-18 United States Brad Wanamaker Serbia ?eljko Obradovi?
2018-19 United States Shane Larkin Turkey Ergin Ataman

Turkish basketball clubs in European-wide competitions

Awards

Former participants

Note: includes 2019-20 season.

See also

References

  1. ^ TBF Unveils Basketball Super League and Women's Basketball Super League.
  2. ^ http://www.tbf.org.tr/tbf/tarihce/ulkemizde-basketbol
  3. ^ Durup?nar, Mehmet. Türk Basketbolunun 100 y?ll?k tarihi. (2009).page(12).Efes Pazarlama ve Dat?m Ticaret A.?. ISBN 978-975-00995-1-9
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links


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