Tug Fork
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Tug Fork
Tug Fork
Tug Fork.jpg
Map of the Big Sandy River watershed, with its Levisa Fork (left) and Tug Fork (right) tributaries shown
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky, Virginia, West Virginia
CountiesMcDowell WV, Buchanan VA, Pike KY, Mingo WV, Martin KY, Lawrence KY, Wayne WV
Physical characteristics
SourceBig Stone Ridge
 ⁃ locationMcDowell County, West Virginia
 ⁃ coordinates37°16?38?N 81°26?06?W / 37.27722°N 81.43500°W / 37.27722; -81.43500[2]
 ⁃ elevation2,604 ft (794 m)[1]
MouthBig Sandy River
 ⁃ location
Louisa, Kentucky
 ⁃ coordinates
38°07?05?N 82°36?06?W / 38.11806°N 82.60167°W / 38.11806; -82.60167Coordinates: 38°07?05?N 82°36?06?W / 38.11806°N 82.60167°W / 38.11806; -82.60167[2]
 ⁃ elevation
545 ft (166 m)[2]
Length159 mi (256 km)
 ⁃ locationKermit, West Virginia[3]
 ⁃ average1,457 cu ft/s (41.3 m3/s)
 ⁃ minimum14 cu ft/s (0.40 m3/s)
 ⁃ maximum35,400 cu ft/s (1,000 m3/s)
Basin features
 ⁃ leftBig Creek, Dry Fork, Panther Creek, Peter Creek, Pond Creek, Turkey Creek
 ⁃ rightElkhorn Creek, Mate Creek, Pigeon Creek, Marrowbone Creek

The Tug Fork is a tributary of the Big Sandy River, 159 miles (256 km) long,[4] in southwestern West Virginia, southwestern Virginia, and eastern Kentucky in the United States. Via the Big Sandy and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River.

It is also known as the Tug Fork River. The United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Tug Fork" as the stream's official name in 1975.[2]

The Tug Fork rises in the Appalachian Mountains of extreme southwestern West Virginia, in southern McDowell County, near the Virginia state line. It flows in a meandering course through the mountains generally northwest, past Welch. Approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Welch, it briefly forms approximately 4 miles (6 km) of the state line between West Virginia (northeast) and Virginia (southwest). For the remainder of its course it forms part of the boundary between West Virginia (east) and Kentucky (west), flowing northwest past Williamson, West Virginia. It joins the Levisa Fork at Louisa, Kentucky to form the Big Sandy.

The river flows through an especially remote mountainous region in its upper course. The river valley between Pike County, Kentucky and Mingo County, West Virginia was the scene of the infamous Hatfield-McCoy feud in the late 19th century.

Toponymist George R. Stewart writes about the origin of the name "Tug Fork". In 1756 a small army of Virginians and Cherokees conducted war raids against the Shawnee. At one point they killed and ate two buffaloes and hung their hides on a tree. Later they returned and, being out of provisions, took the hides and cut them into thin strips called "tugs". These they roasted and ate. For this reason, the story goes, the stream was given the name "Tug." Stewart also points out another possible origin. Even if the story is true, the second explanation may have reinforced the name. In the Cherokee language "tugulu" refers to the forks of a stream, as in the Tugaloo River and other streams in former Cherokee lands named "tug".[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ "Tug Fork Source". Elevation Query. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d "Tug Fork". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "USGS 03214500 TUG FORK AT KERMIT, WV". National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved .
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 13, 2011
  5. ^ George R. Stewart. Names on the Land. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston (1967).
  6. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 459.

External links

Media related to Tug Fork at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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