Tu%CA%BBi Tonga
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Tu%CA%BBi Tonga

The Tu?i Tonga is a line of Tongan kings, which originated in the 10th century with the mythical ?Aho?eitu; withdrew from political power in the 15th century by yielding to the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua; and died out with Laufilitonga in 1865. Today its descendants still live forth in the chiefly line of Kalaniuvalu.

Tradition names 39 holders of the title, but there is an alternative list with 48 names.

  1. ?Aho?eitu - divine father, around 900 AD, resided first in Popua and then other places of the Hahake district, like Toloa near Fua?amotu.
  2. Lolofakangalo
  3. Fanga?one?one
  4. L?hau
  5. Kofutu
  6. Kaloa
  7. Ma?uhau - residence in Lavengatonga
  8. ?Apuanea
  9. ?Afulunga
  10. Momo - married with Nua, the daughter of Lo?au, the Tu?i Ha?amea. The Tongan maritime empire came into existence. Royal court in Heket? near Niut?ua.
  11. Tu?it?tui - around 1100 AD, extended the royal court, built the Ha?amonga; re-established the Fale F? (house of four), royal counselors and guardians; his cunning stepbrother Fasi?apule became a governor.
  12. Talatama - shifted the residence to Lapaha; died without issue
  13. Tu?itonganui ko e Tamatou - said to have been a block of wood, standing in as child of Talatama and father of Talaiha?apepe to keep the dynasty pure
  14. Talaiha?apepe - real brother of Talatama and supposed grandson through the woodblock
  15. Talakaifaiki - around 1250; start of the decline of the Tongan maritime empire, lost Samoa due to his cruelty to the M?lietoa line
  16. Talaf?pite
  17. Tu?itonga Ma?akitoe
  18. Tu?itonga Puipui
  19. Havea I - assassinated by a Fijian
  20. Tatafu?eikimeimu?a
  21. Lomi?aetupu?a
  22. Havea II - assassinated with an arrow by Tuluvota, a Fijian
  23. Takalaua - assassinated by Tamasia and Malofafa from ?Uvea and Futuna while taking his bath in the Tolopona stream at Alakifonua; a harsh ruler, start of political upheavals
  24. Kau?ulufonua I - around 1470, pursued his father's murderers from Tongatapu to ?Eua, Ha?apai, Vava?u, both Niuas, then Niue, Fiji, Samoa, finally arresting them at their home island of either ?Uvea or Futuna. Back at home in Mu?a he killed them in a savage spectacle (knocking out their teeth and then letting them chew kava), before he devoured them giving him the nickname fekai. He allowed his younger brother Mo?ung?motu? to found a new dynasty, the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua, named after their father. This new dynasty would carry out the day-to-day duties of the Tu?i Tonga with the people while the Tu?i Tonga became sacred, king of kings like a god.
  25. Vakafuhu - kept away from Tonga by the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua, lived in Samoa.
  26. Puipuifatu - lived in Samoa, tried in vain to invade Vava?u to restore power to his dynasty
  27. Kau?ulufonua II - lived in Samoa
  28. Tapu?osi - was allowed to return to Mu?a, as apparently the Tu?i Tonga line was now so weakened as to be of no threat to the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua. From now on the Tu?i Tonga functioned as a kind of high priest, taking care of all religious obligations (an honour and a burden), giving him a very elevated status, but no worldly power. But no Tu?i Tonga was ever murdered anymore either.
  29. ?Uluakimata I - also known as Tele?a, builder of the greatest langi on Tongatapu
  30. Fatafehi - around 1600, married the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua Mo?unga ?o Tonga's daughter, a custom which would last for some generations to come forming a permanent alliance between the two houses; his sister married a Fijian, changing the international orientation of Tonga from Samoa to Fiji. Was tattooed in Samoa by master tattooists in two sessions and received the nickname Fakauakimanuka ("Twice to Manu?a") in commemoration of these rituals.
  31. Kau?ulufonua III - was met by Abel Tasman in 1643
  32. ?Uluakimata II
  33. Tu?ipulotu (I) ?ilangi Tu?ofefafa - from now on the Tu?i Tonga principal wife (moheofo) became the daughter of the Tu?i Kanokupolu instead of the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua, showing which dynasty of the latter two was now the most important
  34. Fakana?ana?a
  35. Tu?ipolutu (II) ?ilangi Tu?oteau
  36. Paulaho - Fuanunuiava, was his successor during a grand ceremony in 1777, witnessed by Captain Cook; was defeated and deposed in a following civil war
  37. Ma?ulupekotofa - the older brother of Paulaho, who should have been Tu?i Tonga in the first place without Paulaho; tried to reduce the burden of religious taboos grown on the Tu?i Tonga and to increase its political influence
  38. Fuanunuiava - took the power from his uncle in or around 1795, but continued his policy; joined F?nau ?Uluk?lala in the civil war of 1799; died in 1810
  39. Laufilitonga - born around 1798 was too young to become Tu?i Tonga when his father died; by that time the title had so declined as to have lost almost all prestige; tried to opt for power, but lost the final battle during Velata on Lifuka in 1826 against T?ufahau; was (together with the Tu?i Kanokupolu) mockingly installed as Tu?i Tonga in 1827 as a king with neither political nor spiritual power; died in 1865 after which the title was abolished.

See also

References

  • I.C. Campbell; Classical Tongan kingship; 1989
  • E. Bott; Tonga society at the time of Captain Cook's visit; 1982
  • ?O. M?hina; Images from the history and culture of Tonga; 2006



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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