Tu%CA%BBi Ha%CA%BBatakalaua
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Tu%CA%BBi Ha%CA%BBatakalaua

The Tu?i Ha?atakalaua is a dynasty of Tongan kings which originated in the 15th century and assumed political power from the Tu?i Tonga line. In the 18th century, it merged power with the Tu?i Kanokupolu dynasty, and became existent only esoterically by the end of the 18th century.

  1. Mo?ung?motu?a - around 1470; might have been first installed as viceroy by his older brother Kau?ulufonua I the incumbent Tu?i Tonga, as the latter remained in his residence on the high grounds of Olotele in Mu?a, while he had to stay on the lowlaying lands of Fonuamotu, reclaimed from the lagoon. These two areas were separated by the Fonuamoa (dry land) road. As such his followers became known as the Kauhalalalo (low road people) while the chiefs associated with the Tu?i Tonga line became known as Kauhala?uta (inland road people). However considering what happened after, it seems that later (or sooner) Mo?ung?motu?a seized all the power from his brother although he did not dare to wipe out completely the Tu?i Tonga. Instead he sent Kau?ulufonua away to Samoa and reigned in his name until his new dynasty, the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua line had grown powerful to eclipse the Tu?i Tonga. That took about a century.
  2. Tanekinga?otonga
  3. Kau Vaka'uta - Tu'i 'Eua (Vaka'uta Title Holder of 'Eua)
  4. Siulangap?
  5. Vakalahi-Mohe?uli - around 1550, he (or his father) allowed the Tu?i Tonga to come back from exile in Samoa
  6. Mo?unga ?o Tonga - he had several sons whom he appointed governors. One of them, Ngata, was appointed to the Hihifo district and imperceptibly started the Tu?i Kanokupolu line. A daughter married Fatafehi, the Tu?i Tonga, starting a blood relationship between the two dynasties.
  7. Fotofili - was met by Abel Tasman in 1643
  8. Vaea - discovered that the Tu?i Kanokupolu had grown into a serious rival, and fought a civil war against Mataeleha?amea. His daughter was the last one to marry a Tu?i Tonga, ?Uluakimata II
  9. Moeakiola - contemporary with Tu?i Tonga Tu?ipulotu I, who preferred a Tu?i Kanokupolu princess as wife
  10. Tatafu - first one not to be a son of his predecessor, he was the son of Fotofili
  11. Kafoamotalau - a son of Vaea, showing quick successions, troubles, and a decline with the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua line; contemporary with Tu?i Tonga Fakana?ana?a
  12. Tu?ionukulave
  13. Silivakaifanga
  14. Fuatakifolaha - son of Tongatangataulupekifolaha, who was not a Tu?i Ha?atakalaua (or perhaps was according to others); grandson (through his mother) of Mataeleha?amea the Tu?i Kanokupolu; therefore troubles and quick successions had still not ceased
  15. Tupoulahi - gave up around 1771 his title as Tu?i Kanokupolu because of old age and may have been offered the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua title instead. Generally, however, it is doubted whether he was ever formally installed.
  16. Maealiuaki - was also a previous Tu?i Kanokupolu, and also was offered the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua title as an old age gift. It is not sure whether he really accepted or considered himself as retired. Met in that state with Captain Cook in 1777; died shortly after. With him went the last real Tu?i Ha?atakalaua. Any successor named by history after him is dubious at best.
  17. Mumui - may or may not have been the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua, depending on whether his older brother Maealiuaki respectively was it not or was it
  18. Toafunaki - was mentioned around 1790 as the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua by the missionaries, but seems never to have been officially installed. Died young in 1797 and his reburial in 1799 was an opportunity for the assassination of the Tu?i Kanokupolu Tuku?aho.
  19. Mulikiha?amea - even more unsure whether he ever was a real Tu?i Ha?atakalaua or not. He also was Tu?i Kanokupolu for a while. Some believe that he came after Maealiuaki, others see him instead of Toafunaki. Whatever the case, by this time the title had become defunct, but it would be his descendants who would claim to have been the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua otherwise.
His son was Fatukimotulalo, whose son was Tung? Halatuituia. By then the line had acquired a new title: Tung?, which still is nowadays one of the highest noble titles in Tonga. Halatuituia's son was Tuku?aho (of the lakalaka fame), who was on his turn the father of Viliami Tung? Mailefihi, who amalgamated with the Tu?i Kanokupolu.

4 out of the current 33 hereditary noble titles in Tonga trace their authority from the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua. These are: Tung?, Luani, Fotofili and Fakaf?nua. Collectively they are known as the F?a?i hai (those four). The traditional burial grounds of the Tu?i Ha?atakalaua is in 'Eua, and in Lapaha are: Fale pulem?l?, Fale fakau?, Fale tuingapapai (or tuipapai), Fale lolo?amanu (nowadays split up into (Fale) Lomanu and Tauhakeleva). These 5 are considered to be traditional langi although not named so, as the real langi are for the Tu?i Tonga only.

See also

References

  • I.C. Campbell; Classical Tongan kingship; 1989
  • E. Bott; Tonga society at the time of Captain Cook's visit; 1982
  • Tonga Chronicle newspaper, 3 August 2006

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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