Tse (Cyrillic)
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Tse Cyrillic
Cyrillic letter Tse
Cyrillic letter Tse - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[ts]
Numeric value:900
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

Tse (? ?; italics: ? ?), also known as Ce, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts/, like the pronunciation of zz in "pizza".

In the standard Iron dialect of Ossetic, it represents the voiceless alveolar sibilant fricative /s/. In other dialects, including Digoron, it has the same value as in Russian.

In English, Tse is commonly romanized as ts. However, in proper names (personal names, toponyms, etc.) and titles it may also be rendered as c (which signifies the sound in Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Hungarian etc.), z (which signifies the sound in Italian and German), cz or tz. Its equivalent in the modern Romanian Latin alphabet is ?.


Tse is thought to have come from the Hebrew letter ?ade ???, via the Glagolitic letter Tsi (?).

The name of Tse in the Early Cyrillic alphabet is (tsi). New Church Slavonic and Russian spelling of the name is . In Ukrainian and Belorussian its spelling is tse ( and respectively).

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Tse has a value of 900.



It is the 24th (if Yo is included) letter of the Russian alphabet. It is used both in native Slavic words (and corresponds to Proto-Indo-European *k in certain positions) and in borrowed words:

  • as a match for the Latin ⟨c⟩ in words of Latin origin, such as ? (circus), (centre),
  • for the German ⟨z⟩ and ⟨tz⟩, in words borrowed from German, such as ? (Zink), ? (Platz),
  • ⟨⟩ may correspond to Latin ⟨ti⟩ (before vowels), such as ? (scintillation).

Unlike most other consonants (but like ⟨?⟩ and ⟨?⟩), ⟨?⟩ never represents a palatalised consonant in Russian (except occasionally in foreign proper names with ⟨⟩ or ⟨⟩). Since /i/ after unpalatalised consonants becomes [?], the combinations ⟨⟩ and ⟨⟩ are pronounced identically: [ts?]. A notable rule of Russian orthography is that ⟨?⟩ is seldom followed by ⟨?⟩, with the following exceptions:

  • the ending -⟨?⟩ of the plural number or the genitive case ( nominative singular -> nominative plural or genitive singular),
  • possessive suffix -⟨⟩ is spelled -⟨⟩ after ⟨?⟩ and only then, ?,
    • the suffix is very popular in Russian last names, but spelling varies and both -⟨⟩ and -⟨⟩ are possible, is an example,
  • the ending of adjectives -⟨⟩ (that becomes -⟨⟩, -⟨⟩, -⟨⟩, -⟨⟩ in declension) such as or ,
  • conjugation of a vulgar verb (, ?, ?, , ) and its prefixed derivatives,
  • a few other word roots: , - (, ?), - (, , ?, -), ,
    • pre-1956 lists contain words such as , , ?, ?, , ?, , , ?, , , , , ? etc. (examples taken from Ya. S. Khomutov's spelling dictionary, 1927 but now all those words are spelled with --),
  • Pinyin's ⟨ci⟩ becomes ⟨⟩, and ⟨qi⟩ becomes ⟨⟩.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ц ц
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1062 U+0426 1094 U+0446
UTF-8 208 166 D0 A6 209 134 D1 86
Numeric character reference Ц Ц ц ц
Named character reference Ц ц
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 227 E3 195 C3
Code page 855 165 A5 164 A4
Code page 866 150 96 230 E6
Windows-1251 214 D6 246 F6
ISO-8859-5 198 C6 230 E6
Macintosh Cyrillic 150 96 246 F6

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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