Tsarskoye Selo
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Tsarskoye Selo

Coordinates: 59°43?24?N 30°24?57?E / 59.72333°N 30.41583°E / 59.72333; 30.41583

Tsarskoye Selo (Russian: , IPA: ['tsarsk s'lo] , "Tsar's Village") was the town containing a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) south from the center of Saint Petersburg.[1] The residence now forms part of the town of Pushkin. Tsarskoye Selo forms one of the World Heritage site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.

The town bore the name Tsarskoe Selo until 1918, Detskoe Selo (Russian: ? ?, lit. 'Children's Village', 1918-1937), then Pushkin (Russian: , 1937 onwards).

History

The area of Tsarskoye Selo, once part of Swedish Ingria, first became a Russian royal/imperial residence in the early 18th century as an estate of the Empress-consort Catherine (later Empress-regnant as Catherine I (r. 1725-1727), from whom the Catherine Palace takes its name.

The Alexander Palace (built from 1792 onwards) originated as the home of the Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich, who later became Emperor Alexander I (r. 1801-1825).

The Royal Forestry School, perhaps the first such school in Russia, was founded in Tsarskoye Selo in 1803; it was moved to Saint Petersburg in 1811, to become the Imperial Forestry Institute.[2]

Nickname for elite Soviet neighborhoods

In the Soviet Union the nickname "the Czar's village" came to apply to blocks and small neighborhoods that housed the nomenklatura (Soviet elites). Their stores were better stocked, although they were still affected by Soviet-era shortages. The buildings in the neighborhoods were better designed, constructed and maintained.[3] One such neighborhood, west of Moscow, contained less industry and more parks than any other neighborhood.[4]

Catherine Palace, the Amber Room

Monuments

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Jabado, Salwa; Fodor's (2008). Fodor's Moscow and St. Petersburg. New York: Random House. p. 292. ISBN 1-4000-0717-8.
  2. ^ St. Petersburg Encyclopedia. Accessed: May 6, 2012.
  3. ^ Compare: Gessen, Masha (2017). The Future is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia. Granta Books. ISBN 9781783784011. Retrieved 2020. Under the Soviets [...] the name 'the Czars' Village' began attaching itself to blocks and small neighborhoods that housed the Soviet elites.
    The stores here were better stocked, even though they were affected by the shortages. The buildings were better designed and constructed.
  4. ^ Masha Gessen, (2017). The Future Is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia.

Further reading

  • King, Greg (2006). The Court of the Last Tsar (hardback). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-72763-7.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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