|Time zone||UTC+4 (Georgian Time)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+5|
The district had a population of 2,326. According to the 2014 census 47% of its population is Georgian, 38% Armenian, 7% Caucasus Greeks , and 7% Azerbaijanis. Up until the 1990s, Russian served as the language of inter-ethnic communication and was the language of education in most of the schools in the Tsalka district. Some Greeks who were living in Tsalka were Turkish speaking and are known as Urums. In the past they used to be the majority of Tsalka but now their numbers have considerably decreased due to their return to their homeland - Greece and due to emigration. Several thousand ethnic Georgians who had suffered from landslides in Svaneti and Adjara were settled in Tsalka in 1997-2006. The settlement of these newcomers sometimes led to ethnic tensions with Tsalka's original Greek and Armenian population. According to the 2014 Georgian census, there were only 2,113 Greeks in all of Kvemo Kartli, indicating a further massive drop in numbers of Tsalkan Greeks.
There are important historical monuments in Tsalka. Kldekari Fortress (ninth century) and the church of St.George in Dashbashi (tenth-eleventh centuries). Dashbashi canyon is also an interesting tourist attraction.